lov-20220311
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 8-K
CURRENT REPORT
Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)
of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
Date of report (Date of earliest event reported): March 11, 2022
Spark Networks SE
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Germany 001-38252 N/A
(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation)
 
(Commission
File Number)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
Kohlfurter Straße 41/43
Berlin Germany 10999
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (+49) 30 868000
N/A
(Former name or former address, if changed since last report.)
Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions (see General Instruction A.2. below):
Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading symbolName of each exchange on which registered
American Depository Shares each representing one-tenth of an ordinary shareLOV
The Nasdaq Stock Market, LLC
Ordinary shares, €1.00 nominal value per share*
* Not for trading purposes, but only in connection with the registration of American Depository Shares pursuant to the requirements of the Securities and Exchange Commission.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).
Emerging growth company 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 




Item 1.01. Entry into a Material Definitive Agreement.
On March 11, 2022, Spark Networks SE (the “Company”) entered into a Financing Agreement (the “Loan Agreement”) with Zoosk, Inc. (“Zoosk”) and Spark Networks, Inc., the subsidiary guarantors party thereto, the lenders party thereto, and MGG Investment Group LP, as administrative agent and collateral agent. The Loan Agreement provides for senior secured term loans of $100 million.

Borrowings under the Loan Agreement accrue interest at a rate per annum equal to the LIBOR Rate (as defined in the Loan Agreement) plus 7.50% or the Reference Rate (as defined in the Loan Agreement), plus 6.50%, as the case may be. Borrowings under the Loan Agreement mature on March 11, 2027 and are secured by substantially all of the assets of the Company, Spark Networks Inc., Zoosk and their respective subsidiary guarantors.

The Loan Agreement contains customary representations, warranties, events of default and covenants, including limitations on incurrences of debt and liens, restricted payments and investments, mergers and financial covenants including (1) quarterly testing of a maximum Leverage Ratio and a minimum Marketing Efficiency Ratio (each as defined in the Loan Agreement) and (2) an all-times test of a minimum liquidity covenant.

The foregoing description of the Loan Agreement does not purport to be complete and is subject to, and qualified in its entirety by, the full text of the Loan Agreement, a copy of which is filed hereto as Exhibit 10.1 and is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 2.03. Creation of a Direct Financial Obligation or an Obligation under an Off-Balance Sheet Arrangement of a Registrant.
The information contained in Item 1.01 of this Current Report on Form 8-K is incorporated by reference into this Item 2.03.

Item 7.01. Regulation FD Disclosure.
On March 14, 2022, the Company issued a press release announcing the Loan Agreement, a copy of which is attached hereto as Exhibit 99.1 and incorporated by reference herein.

The information set forth under this Item 7.01, including the exhibits attached hereto, is intended to be furnished and shall not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”) or otherwise subject to the liabilities of that section, nor shall it be deemed incorporated by reference in any filing under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Exchange Act, except as expressly set forth by specific reference in such filing.

Item 9.01. Financial Statements and Exhibits

(d) Exhibits
        
Exhibit No.
Description
10.1
99.1
104
Cover Page Interactive Data File (embedded within the Inline XBRL document)




SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.
SPARK NETWORKS SE
Dated: March 14, 2022
By:
/s/ David Clark
 
David Clark
 
Chief Financial Officer

































Document
EXHIBIT 10.1
EXECUTION VERSION




FINANCING AGREEMENT

Dated as of March 11, 2022

by and among
SPARK NETWORKS SE,
as Parent and Borrower,
SPARK NETWORKS, INC.

and

ZOOSK, INC.,

as Borrowers,

EACH SUBSIDIARY OF PARENT
LISTED AS A GUARANTOR ON THE SIGNATURE PAGES HERETO,
as Guarantors,

THE LENDERS FROM TIME TO TIME PARTY HERETO,
as Lenders,

and

MGG INVESTMENT GROUP LP,
as Collateral Agent and as Administrative Agent

FOR PURPOSES OF SECTION 1271 ET SEQ. OF THE UNITED STATES INTERNAL REVENUE CODE OF 1986, AS AMENDED FROM TIME TO TIME, THE TERM LOANS ARE BEING ISSUED WITH ORIGINAL ISSUE DISCOUNT. REQUESTS FOR INFORMATION REGARDING THE ORIGINAL ISSUE DISCOUNT ON THE TERM LOANS MAY BE DIRECTED TO SPARK NETWORKS, INC., 3400 N. ASHTON BOULEVARD, SUITE 175, LEHI, UTAH 84043.


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Table of Contents
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SCHEDULE AND EXHIBITS
Schedule 1.01(A)    Lenders and Lenders’ Commitments
Schedule 1.01(B)    Facilities
Schedule 1.01(C)    Immaterial Subsidiaries
Schedule 1.01(D)    Deferred Merger Payment Conditions
Schedule 6.01(e)    Capitalization; Subsidiaries
Schedule 6.01(f)    Litigation
Schedule 6.01(g)    Certain Liabilities
Schedule 6.01(i)    ERISA
Schedule 6.01(j)    Taxes
Schedule 6.01(l)    Nature of Business
Schedule 6.01(p)    Labor Matters
Schedule 6.01(q)    Environmental Matters
Schedule 6.01(r)    Insurance
Schedule 6.01(u)    Intellectual Property
Schedule 6.01(v)    Material Contracts
Schedule 6.01(y)    Credit Card Agreements
Schedule 7.02(a)    Existing Liens
Schedule 7.02(b)    Existing Indebtedness
Schedule 7.02(e)    Existing Investments
Schedule 7.02(k)    Limitations on Dividends and Other Payment Restrictions
Schedule 8.01    Cash Management Accounts

Exhibit A    Form of Joinder Agreement
Exhibit B    Form of Assignment and Acceptance
Exhibit C    Form of Notice of Borrowing
Exhibit D    Form of LIBOR Notice
Exhibit E    Form of Compliance Certificate
Exhibit 2.09(d)    Forms of U.S. Tax Compliance Certificate

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FINANCING AGREEMENT
Financing Agreement, dated as of March 11, 2022, by and among Spark Networks SE, a Societas Europaea (Europäische Gesellschaft) with registered seat in Munich, Federal Republic of Germany, registered with the commercial register (Handelsregister) of the local court (Amtsgericht) of Munich, Federal Republic of Germany under HRB 232591 (the “Parent”), Spark Networks, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Spark Networks”), Zoosk, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Zoosk”, and together with the Parent, Spark Networks, and each other Person that executes a joinder agreement and becomes a “Borrower” hereunder, each, a “Borrower” and, collectively, the “Borrowers”), each subsidiary of the Parent listed as a “Guarantor” on the signature pages hereto (together with each other Person that executes a joinder agreement and becomes a “Guarantor” hereunder, each, a “Guarantor” and, collectively, the “Guarantors”), the lenders from time to time party hereto (each, a “Lender” and, collectively, the “Lenders”), MGG Investment Group LP, a Delaware limited partnership (“MGG”), as collateral agent for the Lenders (in such capacity, together with its successors and permitted assigns in such capacity, the “Collateral Agent”), and MGG, as administrative agent for the Lenders (in such capacity, together with its successors and permitted assigns in such capacity, the “Administrative Agent” and, together with the Collateral Agent, each, an “Agent” and, collectively, the “Agents”).
R E C I T A L S:
The Borrowers have asked the Lenders to extend credit to the Borrowers consisting of a term loan in the aggregate principal amount of $100,000,000. The proceeds of the term loan shall be used (i) to refinance existing indebtedness of the Borrowers, (ii) for general corporate and working capital purposes of the Loan Parties and (iii) to pay fees and expenses related to this Agreement. The Lenders are severally, and not jointly, willing to extend such credit to the Borrowers subject to the terms and conditions hereinafter set forth.
In consideration of the premises and the covenants and agreements contained herein, the parties hereto hereby agree as follows:
Article I

DEFINITIONS; CERTAIN TERMS
Section 1.01Definitions. As used in this Agreement, the following terms shall have the respective meanings indicated below:
Account Debtor” means, with respect to any Person, each debtor, customer or obligor in any way obligated on or in connection with any Account of such Person, including any Credit Card Issuer or Credit Card Processor.
Acquired EBITDA” means, with respect to any Acquired Entity or Business for any period, the amount for such period of Consolidated EBITDA of such Acquired Entity or Business.

Acquired Entity or Business” has the meaning specified in the definition of the term “Consolidated EBITDA”.

Acquisition” means the acquisition (whether by means of a merger, consolidation or otherwise) of all of the Equity Interests of any Person or all or substantially all of the assets of (or any division or business line of) any Person.
Action” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 12.12.
Additional Amount” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 2.09(a).
Administrative Agent” has the meaning specified therefor in the preamble.
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Administrative Agent’s Accounts” means one or more accounts designated by the Administrative Agent at a bank designated by the Administrative Agent from time to time as the accounts into which the Loan Parties shall make all payments to the Administrative Agent for the benefit of the Agents and the Lenders under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents.
Administrative Borrower” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 4.05(a).
Affected Financial Institution” means (a) any EEA Financial Institution or (b) any UK Financial Institution.
Affiliate” means, with respect to any Person, any other Person that directly or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with, such Person. For purposes of this definition, “control” of a Person means the power, directly or indirectly, either to (a) vote 10% or more of the Equity Interests having ordinary voting power for the election of members of the Board of Directors of such Person or (b) direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of such Person whether by contract or otherwise.
Agent” and “Agents” have the respective meanings specified therefor in the preamble.
Agreement” means this Financing Agreement, including all amendments, restatements, amendments and restatements, modifications and supplements and any exhibits or schedules to any of the foregoing, and shall refer to the Agreement as the same may be in effect at the time such reference becomes operative.
Anti-Corruption Laws” means all Requirements of Law concerning or relating to bribery or corruption, including, without limitation, the United States Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, as amended (the “FCPA”), the UK Bribery Act of 2010, and the anti-bribery and anti-corruption laws and regulations of those jurisdictions in which the Loan Parties do business.
Anti-Money Laundering Laws” means all Requirements of Law concerning or relating to terrorism or money laundering, including, without limitation, the Money Laundering Control Act of 1986 (18 U.S.C. §§ 1956-1957), the USA PATRIOT Act and the Currency and Foreign Transactions Reporting Act (also known as the “Bank Secrecy Act”, 31 U.S.C. §§ 5311-5332 and 12 U.S.C. §§ 1818(s), 1820(b) and §§ 1951-1959) and the rules and regulations thereunder, and any law prohibiting or directed against the financing or support of terrorist activities (e.g., 18 U.S.C. §§ 2339A and 2339B).
Applicable Margin” means, as of any date of determination, with respect to the interest rate of (a) any Reference Rate Loan or any portion thereof, 6.50% per annum and (b) any LIBOR Rate Loan or any portion thereof, 7.50% per annum.
Applicable Premium” has the meaning given to such term in the Fee Letter.
Assignment and Acceptance” means an assignment and acceptance entered into by an assigning Lender and an assignee, and accepted by the Collateral Agent (and the Administrative Agent, if applicable), in accordance with Section 12.07 and substantially in the form of Exhibit B or such other form acceptable to the Collateral Agent.
Assignment of Business Interruption/Cyber Insurance Policy” means that certain Assignment of Business Interruption/Cyber Insurance Policy as Collateral Security, dated as of the date hereof, made by the Loan Parties in favor of the Collateral Agent, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Collateral Agent.
Authorized Officer” means, with respect to any Person, the chief executive officer, chief operating officer, board member (Vorstand), director (Geschäftsführer), chief financial officer, treasurer, general counsel, president or executive vice president of such Person, or any other officer having substantially the same authority and responsibility.
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Available Tenor” means, as of any date of determination and with respect to the then-current Benchmark, as applicable, any tenor for such Benchmark or payment period for interest calculated with reference to such Benchmark, as applicable, that is or may be used for determining the length of an Interest Period pursuant to this Agreement as of such date and not including, for the avoidance of doubt, any tenor for such Benchmark that is then-removed from the definition of “Interest Period” pursuant to Section 2.12(d).
Bail-In Action” means the exercise of any Write-Down and Conversion Powers by the applicable Resolution Authority in respect of any liability of any Affected Financial Institution.
Bail-In Legislation” means, (a) with respect to any EEA Member Country implementing Article 55 of Directive 2014/59/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of the European Union, the implementing law for such EEA Member Country from time to time which is described in the EU Bail-In Legislation Schedule and (b) with respect to the United Kingdom, Part I of the United Kingdom Banking Act 2009 (as amended from time to time) and any other law, regulation or rule applicable in the United Kingdom relating to the resolution of unsound or failing banks, investment firms or other financial institutions or their Affiliates (other than through liquidation, administration or other insolvency proceedings).
Bankruptcy Code” means Title 11 of the United States Code, as amended from time to time and any successor statute or any similar federal or state law for the relief of debtors.
Benchmark” means, initially, the LIBOR Rate; provided that if a Benchmark Transition Event or an Early Opt-in Election, as applicable, and its related Benchmark Replacement Date have occurred with respect to the LIBOR Rate or the then-current Benchmark, then “Benchmark” means the applicable Benchmark Replacement to the extent that such Benchmark Replacement has replaced such prior benchmark rate pursuant to Section 2.12(a).
Benchmark Replacement” means, for any Available Tenor, the first alternative set forth in the order below that can be determined by the Administrative Agent for the applicable Benchmark Replacement Date:
(1)the sum of: (a) Term SOFR and (b) the related Benchmark Replacement Adjustment;
(2)the sum of: (a) Daily Simple SOFR and (b) the related Benchmark Replacement Adjustment;
(3)the sum of: (a) the alternate benchmark rate that has been selected by the Administrative Agent and the Administrative Borrower as the replacement for the then-current Benchmark for the applicable Corresponding Tenor giving due consideration to (i) any selection or recommendation of a replacement benchmark rate or the mechanism for determining such a rate by the Relevant Governmental Body at such time or (ii) any evolving or then-prevailing market convention for determining a benchmark rate as a replacement for the then-current Benchmark for U.S. dollar-denominated syndicated credit facilities at such time and (b) the related Benchmark Replacement Adjustment;
provided that, in the case of clause (1), such Unadjusted Benchmark Replacement is displayed on a screen or other information service that publishes such rate from time to time as selected by the Administrative Agent in its reasonable discretion. If the Benchmark Replacement as determined pursuant to clause (1), (2) or (3) above would be less than the Floor, the Benchmark Replacement will be deemed to be the Floor for the purposes of this Agreement and the other Loan Documents.
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Benchmark Replacement Adjustment” means, with respect to any replacement of the then- current Benchmark with an Unadjusted Benchmark Replacement for any applicable Interest Period and Available Tenor for any setting of such Unadjusted Benchmark Replacement:
(1)for purposes of clauses (1) and (2) of the definition of “Benchmark Replacement,” the first alternative set forth in the order below that can be determined by the Administrative Agent:
(a)the spread adjustment, or method for calculating or determining such spread adjustment, (which may be a positive or negative value or zero) as of the Reference Time such Benchmark Replacement is first set for such Interest Period that has been selected or recommended by the Relevant Governmental Body for the replacement of such Benchmark with the applicable Unadjusted Benchmark Replacement for the applicable Corresponding Tenor;
(b)the spread adjustment (which may be a positive or negative value or zero) as of the Reference Time such Benchmark Replacement is first set for such Interest Period that would apply to the fallback rate for a derivative transaction referencing the ISDA Definitions to be effective upon an index cessation event with respect to such Benchmark for the applicable Corresponding Tenor; and
(2)for purposes of clause (3) of the definition of “Benchmark Replacement,” the spread adjustment, or method for calculating or determining such spread adjustment, (which may be a positive or negative value or zero) that has been selected by the Administrative Agent and the Administrative Borrower for the applicable Corresponding Tenor giving due consideration to (i) any selection or recommendation of a spread adjustment, or method for calculating or determining such spread adjustment, for the replacement of such Benchmark with the applicable Unadjusted Benchmark Replacement by the Relevant Governmental Body on the applicable Benchmark Replacement Date or (ii) any evolving or then-prevailing market convention for determining a spread adjustment, or method for calculating or determining such spread adjustment, for the replacement of such Benchmark with the applicable Unadjusted Benchmark Replacement for U.S. dollar- denominated syndicated credit facilities;
provided that, in the case of clause (1) of this definition, such adjustment is displayed on a screen or other information service that publishes such Benchmark Replacement Adjustment from time to time as selected by the Administrative Agent in its reasonable discretion.
Benchmark Replacement Conforming Changes” means, with respect to any Benchmark Replacement, any technical, administrative or operational changes (including changes to the definition of “Reference Rate,” the definition of “Business Day,” the definition of “Interest Period,” timing and frequency of determining rates and making payments of interest, timing of borrowing requests or prepayment, conversion or continuation notices, length of lookback periods, the applicability of breakage provisions, and other technical, administrative or operational matters) that the Administrative Agent decides may be appropriate to reflect the adoption and implementation of such Benchmark Replacement and to permit the administration thereof by the Administrative Agent in a manner substantially consistent with market practice (or, if the Administrative Agent decides that adoption of any portion of such market practice is not administratively feasible or if the Administrative Agent determines that no market practice for the administration of such Benchmark Replacement exists, in such other manner of administration as the Administrative Agent decides is reasonably necessary in connection with the administration of this Agreement and the other Loan Documents).
Benchmark Replacement Date” means the earliest to occur of the following events with respect to the then-current Benchmark:
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(1)in the case of clause (1) or (2) of the definition of “Benchmark Transition Event,” the later of (a) the date of the public statement or publication of information referenced therein and (b) the date on which the administrator of such Benchmark (or the published component used in the calculation thereof) permanently or indefinitely ceases to provide all Available Tenors of such Benchmark (or such component thereof);
(2)in the case of clause (3) of the definition of “Benchmark Transition Event,” the date of the public statement or publication of information referenced therein; or
(3)in the case of an Early Opt-in Election, the sixth (6th) Business Day after the date notice of such Early Opt-in Election is provided to the Lenders, so long as the Administrative Agent has not received, by 5:00 p.m. (New York City time) on the fifth (5th) Business Day after the date notice of such Early Opt-in Election is provided to the Lenders, written notice of objection to such Early Opt-in Election from Lenders comprising the Required Lenders.
For the avoidance of doubt, (i) if the event giving rise to the Benchmark Replacement Date occurs on the same day as, but earlier than, the Reference Time in respect of any determination, the Benchmark Replacement Date will be deemed to have occurred prior to the Reference Time for such determination and (ii) the “Benchmark Replacement Date” will be deemed to have occurred in the case of clause (1) or (2) of this definition with respect to any Benchmark upon the occurrence of the applicable event or events set forth therein with respect to all then-current Available Tenors of such Benchmark (or the published component used in the calculation thereof).
        “Benchmark Transition Event” means the occurrence of one or more of the following events with respect to the then-current Benchmark:
(1)a public statement or publication of information by or on behalf of the administrator of such Benchmark (or the published component used in the calculation thereof) announcing that such administrator has ceased or will cease to provide all Available Tenors of such Benchmark (or such component thereof), permanently or indefinitely, provided that, at the time of such statement or publication, there is no successor administrator that will continue to provide any Available Tenor of such Benchmark (or such component thereof);
(2)a public statement or publication of information by the regulatory supervisor for the administrator of such Benchmark (or the published component used in the calculation thereof), the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, an insolvency official with jurisdiction over the administrator for such Benchmark (or such component), a resolution authority with jurisdiction over the administrator for such Benchmark (or such component) or a court or an entity with similar insolvency or resolution authority over the administrator for such Benchmark (or such component), which states that the administrator of such Benchmark (or such component) has ceased or will cease to provide all Available Tenors of such Benchmark (or such component thereof) permanently or indefinitely, provided that, at the time of such statement or publication, there is no successor administrator that will continue to provide any Available Tenor of such Benchmark (or such component thereof); or
(3)a public statement or publication of information by the regulatory supervisor for the administrator of such Benchmark (or the published component used in the calculation thereof) announcing that all Available Tenors of such Benchmark (or such component thereof) are no longer representative.
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For the avoidance of doubt, a “Benchmark Transition Event” will be deemed to have occurred with respect to any Benchmark if a public statement or publication of information set forth above has occurred with respect to each then-current Available Tenor of such Benchmark (or the published component used in the calculation thereof).

Benchmark Unavailability Period” means the period (if any) (x) beginning at the time that a Benchmark Replacement Date pursuant to clauses (1) or (2) of that definition has occurred if, at such time, no Benchmark Replacement has replaced the then-current Benchmark for all purposes hereunder and under any Loan Document in accordance with Section 2.12 and (y) ending at the time that a Benchmark Replacement has replaced the then-current Benchmark for all purposes hereunder and under any Loan Document in accordance with Section 2.12.
Board” means the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System of the United States (or any successor).
Board of Directors” means with respect to (a) any corporation, the board of directors of the corporation or any committee thereof duly authorized to act on behalf of such board, (b) a partnership, the board of directors of the general partner of the partnership, (c) a limited liability company, the managing member or members or any controlling committee or board of directors or managers of such company or the sole member or the managing member thereof, and (d) any other Person, the board or committee of such Person serving a similar function.
Borrower” and “Borrowers” have the respective meanings specified therefor in the preamble hereto.
Business Day” means (a) for all purposes other than as described in clause (b) below, any day other than a Saturday, Sunday or other day on which commercial banks in New York City are authorized or required to close, and (b) with respect to the borrowing, payment or continuation of, or determination of interest rate on, LIBOR Rate Loans, any day that is a Business Day described in clause (a) above and on which dealings in Dollars may be carried on in the interbank eurodollar markets in New York City and London.
Capital Expenditures” means, with respect to any Person for any period, the sum of (a) the aggregate of all expenditures by such Person and its Subsidiaries during such period that in accordance with GAAP are or should be included in “property, plant and equipment” or in a similar fixed asset account on its balance sheet, whether such expenditures are paid in cash or financed, including all Capitalized Lease Obligations, obligations under synthetic leases and capitalized software costs that are paid or due and payable during such period and (b) to the extent not covered by clause (a) above, the aggregate of all expenditures by such Person and its Subsidiaries during such period to acquire by purchase or otherwise the business or fixed assets of, or the Equity Interests of, any other Person; provided that the term “Capital Expenditures” shall not include any such expenditures which constitute (i) expenditures by a Loan Party made in connection with the replacement, substitution, reinvestment or restoration of such Loan Party’s assets pursuant to Section 2.05(c)(vii) from the Net Cash Proceeds of Dispositions and Casualty Event Proceeds, (ii) expenditures financed with the proceeds received from the sale or issuance of Equity Interests not prohibited hereby, (iii) a Permitted Acquisition, (iv) expenditures that are accounted for as capital expenditures of such Person and that actually are paid for by a third party (excluding any Loan Party) and for which no Loan Party has provided or is required to provide or incur, directly or indirectly, any consideration or obligation to such third party or any other person (whether before, during or after such period), and (v) the purchase price of equipment that is purchased substantially contemporaneously with the trade in of existing equipment to the extent that the gross amount of such purchase price is reduced by the credit granted by the seller of such equipment for the equipment being traded in at such time.
Capitalized Lease” means, with respect to any Person, any lease of (or other arrangement conveying the right to use) real or personal property by such Person as lessee that is required under GAAP to be capitalized on the balance sheet of such Person.
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Capitalized Lease Obligations” means, with respect to any Person, obligations of such Person and its Subsidiaries under Capitalized Leases, and, for purposes hereof, the amount of any such obligation shall be the capitalized amount thereof determined in accordance with GAAP.
Cash Equivalents” means (a) marketable direct obligations issued or unconditionally guaranteed by the United States Government or issued by any agency thereof and backed by the full faith and credit of the United States, the United Kingdom or Germany, in each case, maturing not more than one year from the date of acquisition thereof; (b) commercial paper, maturing not more than 270 days after the date of issue rated P 1 by Moody’s or A 1 by Standard & Poor’s; (c) certificates of deposit maturing not more than 270 days after the date of issue, issued by commercial banking institutions and money market or demand deposit accounts maintained at commercial banking institutions, each of which is a member of the Federal Reserve System and has a combined capital and surplus and undivided profits of not less than $500,000,000; (d) repurchase agreements having maturities of not more than 90 days from the date of acquisition which are entered into with major money center banks included in the commercial banking institutions described in clause (c) above and which are secured by readily marketable direct obligations of the United States Government or any agency thereof; (e) money market accounts maintained with mutual funds having assets in excess of $2,500,000,000, which assets are primarily comprised of Cash Equivalents described in another clause of this definition; (f) marketable tax exempt securities rated A or higher by Moody’s or A+ or higher by Standard & Poor’s, in each case, maturing within 270 days from the date of acquisition thereof, (g) in the case of any Foreign Subsidiary, cash and cash equivalents that are substantially equivalent in such jurisdiction to those described in clauses (a) through (f) above in respect of each country that is a member of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development and (h) other short term liquid investments approved in writing by the Administrative Agent.
Cash Management Accounts” means the bank accounts of each Loan Party maintained at one or more Cash Management Banks listed on Schedule 8.01 hereto.
Cash Management Bank” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 8.01(a).
Casualty Event Proceeds” means (a) any insurance proceeds received by the Parent or any of its Subsidiaries (other than to the extent such insurance proceeds constitute casualty insurance proceeds or liability insurance proceeds that are (i) immediately payable to a Person that is not the Parent or any of its Affiliates in accordance with applicable Requirements of Law or with Contractual Obligations entered into in the ordinary course of business or (ii) received by the Parent or any of its Subsidiaries as reimbursement for any out-of-pocket costs incurred or made, by such Person prior to the receipt thereof directly related to the event resulting from the payment of such proceeds) and (b) condemnation awards (and payments in lieu thereof).
Change in Law” means the occurrence, after the date of this Agreement, of any of the following: (a) the adoption or taking effect of any law, rule, regulation, judicial ruling, judgment or treaty, (b) any change in any law, rule, regulation or treaty or in the administration, interpretation, implementation or application thereof by any Governmental Authority or (c) the making or issuance of any request, rule, guideline or directive (whether or not having the force of law) by any Governmental Authority; provided that notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, (i) the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act and all requests, rules, guidelines or directives thereunder or issued in connection therewith and (ii) all requests, rules, guidelines or directives concerning capital adequacy promulgated by the Bank for International Settlements, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (or any successor or similar authority) or the United States or foreign regulatory authorities shall, in each case, be deemed to be a “Change in Law”, regardless of the date enacted, adopted or issued.
Change of Control” means each occurrence of any of the following:
(a)    the acquisition, directly or indirectly, by any person or group (within the meaning of Section 13(d)(3) of the Exchange Act) of beneficial ownership of more than 35% of the aggregate outstanding voting or economic power of the Equity Interests of the Parent;
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(b)    during any period of two consecutive years, individuals who at the beginning of such period constituted the Board of Directors of the Parent (together with any new directors whose election by such Board of Directors or whose nomination for election by the shareholders of the Parent was approved by a vote of at least a majority of the directors of the Parent then still in office who were either directors at the beginning of such period, or whose election or nomination for election was previously approved) cease for any reason to constitute a majority of the Board of Directors of the Parent;
(c)    the Parent or any other Loan Party shall cease to have beneficial ownership (as defined in Rule 13d-3 under the Exchange Act) of 100% of the aggregate voting or economic power of the Equity Interests of each other Loan Party and each of its Subsidiaries (other than in connection with any transaction permitted pursuant to Section 7.02(c)(i)), free and clear of all Liens (other than Permitted Specified Liens); or
(d)    a “Change of Control” (or any comparable term or provision) under or with respect to any of the Indebtedness of the Parent or any of its Subsidiaries (excluding Indebtedness evidenced by this Agreement) having an aggregate amount outstanding in excess of $2,500,000.
Collateral” means all of the property and assets and all interests therein and proceeds thereof now owned or hereafter acquired by any Person upon which a Lien is granted or purported to be granted by such Person as security for all or any part of the Obligations. For the avoidance of doubt, it is understood and agreed that Excluded Property (as defined in the Security Agreement) shall not constitute Collateral.
Collateral Agent” has the meaning specified therefor in the preamble.
Collateral Agent Advances” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 10.08(a).
Collections” means all cash, checks, notes, instruments, and other items of payment (including insurance proceeds, proceeds of cash sales, rental proceeds, and tax refunds).
Commitments” means, with respect to each Lender, such Lender’s Term Loan Commitment.
Commodity Exchange Act” means the Commodity Exchange Act (7 U.S.C. § 1 et seq.), as amended from time to time, and any successor statute.
Compliance Certificate” means a Compliance Certificate, substantially in the form of Exhibit E, duly executed by an Authorized Officer of the Parent.
Connection Income Taxes” means Other Connection Taxes that are imposed on or measured by net income (however denominated) or that are franchise Taxes or branch profits Taxes.
Consolidated EBITDA” means, with respect to any Person for any period:
(a)    the Consolidated Net Income of such Person for such period,
plus
(b)    without duplication, the sum of the following amounts for such period to the extent deducted in the calculation of Consolidated Net Income (other than in respect of clauses (ix)(A) and (x)) for such period:
(i)    all Taxes on or measured by income, the provision for United States federal, state, local and foreign income taxes, taxes on profit or capital, including, without limitation, state franchise and similar taxes and withholding taxes;
(ii)    Consolidated Net Interest Expense;
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(iii)    any depreciation and amortization expense (including amortization of intangible assets, including goodwill, lease assets, deferred financing costs and software development costs);
(iv)    any aggregate net loss on the Disposition of property (other than accounts and Inventory) outside the ordinary course of business;
(v)    any extraordinary (as defined under GAAP prior to the effectiveness of FASB ASU 2015-01), nonrecurring or unusual costs, charges, expense or losses; provided that the aggregate amount of cash costs, charges, expenses or losses added back pursuant to this clause (v) shall not exceed 7.5% of Consolidated EBITDA for any period (calculated before giving effect to any such add-backs);
(vi)    any other non-cash expenditure, charge or loss for such period (excluding any such non-cash item to the extent that it represents an accrual or reserve for potential cash items in any future period or amortization of a prepaid cash item that was paid in a prior period);
(vii)    fees, costs and expenses incurred in connection with (A) the consummation of the Transactions, (B) any amendments, modifications or waivers of the Loan Documents after the Effective Date, (C) the consummation of any Permitted Acquisitions and (D) the consummation of issuances of Indebtedness or Capital Stock and Dispositions to the extent permitted by this Agreement;
(viii)    (A) the fees, costs and expenses incurred in connection with (1) any proposed acquisition which would have been a Permitted Acquisition if it had been consummated, (2) unconsummated issuances of Indebtedness or Capital Stock and unconsummated Dispositions which would have been permitted by this Agreement if consummated and (3) the consummation of any Permitted Investments (excluding Permitted Acquisitions) and (B) any payments made with respect to earn-outs and other contingent consideration in connection with any Permitted Acquisition; provided that the aggregate amount added back pursuant to sub-clause (A) of this clause (viii) shall not exceed 7.5% of Consolidated EBITDA for any period (calculated before giving effect to any such add-backs);
(ix)    (A) pro forma “run rate” cost savings, operating expense reductions, operating improvements and synergies that result (or that are expected in good faith to result in the following twelve months, net of the amount of actual benefits realized from such actions during such period) from the Transactions, Acquisitions, Dispositions, recapitalizations, other similar transactions, operating improvements or changes, restructurings, cost-savings and similar initiatives, plans or other actions; provided, that (x) such cost savings, operating expense reductions, operating improvements and synergies are reasonably identifiable, factually supportable and reasonably attributable to the actions specified and (y) such actions have been taken) and (B) all restructuring costs, integration costs, expenses and losses relating to the undertaking of cost-saving initiatives, operating expense reductions and other synergies and similar initiatives, retention, recruiting, relocation and signing bonuses and expenses or severance costs and other similar transaction costs and any one-time expense relating to enhanced accounting function or other similar transaction costs; provided that the aggregate amount added back pursuant to sub-clauses (A) and (B) of this clause (ix) shall not exceed 10.0% of Consolidated EBITDA for any period (calculated before giving effect to any such add-backs);
(x)    proceeds of business interruption insurance policies and cyber insurance policies in an amount representing the earnings for the applicable period that such proceeds are intended to replace to the extent actually received in cash during such period (to the extent not otherwise included in Consolidated Net Income);
(xi)    all non-cash costs or expenses incurred pursuant to any management equity plan or stock option plan, share-based incentive compensation plan or any other management or employee benefit plan or arrangement, pension plan, any stock subscription or stockholders agreement or any distributor equity plan or agreement, including any non-cash charges arising from the grant or settlement of virtual stock option programs, stock appreciation or similar rights;
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(xii)    losses, expenses and payments that are covered by indemnification, reimbursement, guaranty or purchase price adjustment provisions in any agreement entered into by the Borrowers or any of their respective Subsidiaries to the extent such losses, expenses and payments have been actually reimbursed pursuant to the applicable third-party insurance, indemnity, guaranty or acquisition agreement in (A) such period or (B) an earlier period if not added back to Consolidated EBITDA in such earlier period;
(xiii)    any purchase accounting effects, including, without limitation, any write-downs of deferred revenue; and
(xiv)    losses in connection with foreign currency exchanges;
minus
(c)    without duplication, the sum of the following amounts for such period to the extent included in the calculation of such Consolidated Net Income for such period:
(i)    any credit for United States federal income taxes or other taxes measured by net income,
(ii)    any aggregate net gain from the Disposition of property (other than accounts and Inventory) outside the ordinary course of business,
(iii)    any gain from extraordinary (as defined under GAAP prior to the effectiveness of FASB ASU 2015-01), unusual or nonrecurring items,
(iv)    gains in connection with foreign currency exchanges, and
(v)    amounts for other non-cash gains (excluding any such non-cash item to the extent it represents the reversal of an accrual or reserve for potential cash items in any prior period);
in each case, determined on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP.
There shall be included in determining Consolidated EBITDA for any period, without duplication (other than for purposes of calculating Excess Cash Flow), the Acquired EBITDA of any Person, all or substantially all of the assets of a Person, or any business unit, line of business or division of any Person acquired by a Loan Party or Subsidiary of a Loan Party during such period (but not the Acquired EBITDA of any related Person, property, business or assets to the extent not so acquired), to the extent not subsequently sold, transferred or otherwise disposed of by a Loan Party or Subsidiary thereof during such period (each such Person, property, business or asset acquired and not subsequently so disposed of, an “Acquired Entity or Business”), based on the actual Acquired EBITDA of such Acquired Entity or Business for such period (including the portion thereof occurring prior to such acquisition).
There shall be excluded in determining Consolidated EBITDA for any period, without duplication, the Disposed EBITDA of any Person, all or substantially all of the assets of a Person, or any business unit, line of business or division of any Person sold, transferred or otherwise disposed of by a Loan Party or Subsidiary of a Loan Party during such period (each such Person, property, business or asset so sold or disposed, a “Sold Entity or Business”), based on the actual Disposed EBITDA of such Sold Entity or Business for such period (including the portion thereof occurring prior to such sale, transfer or disposition).
Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, proceeds of Permitted Cure Equity shall not be included in the calculation of Consolidated EBITDA for purposes of any calculation of Excess Cash Flow. Notwithstanding the foregoing, Consolidated EBITDA shall be deemed to be equal to (a) $4,779,000 for the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2021, (b) $8,060,000 for the fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2021, (c) $4,959,000 for the fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2021 and (d) $13,454,000 for the fiscal quarter
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ended December 31, 2021 as may be subject to add backs and adjustments pursuant to Section 1,07 for the applicable period in connection with a transaction being given pro forma effect after the Effective Date.
Consolidated Net Income” means, with respect to any Person, for any period, the consolidated net income (or loss) of such Person and its Subsidiaries for such period; provided, however, that the following shall be excluded: (a) the net income of any other Person in which such Person or one of its Subsidiaries has a joint interest with a third-party (which interest does not cause the net income of such other Person to be consolidated into the net income of such Person), except to the extent of the amount of dividends or distributions paid to such Person or Subsidiary, (b) the net income of any Subsidiary of such Person that is, on the last day of such period, subject to any restriction or limitation on the payment of dividends or the making of other distributions, to the extent of such restriction or limitation, and (c) the net income of any other Person arising prior to such other Person becoming a Subsidiary of such Person or merging or consolidating into such Person or its Subsidiaries.
Consolidated Net Interest Expense” means, with respect to any Person for any period, (a) gross interest expense of such Person and its Subsidiaries for such period determined on a consolidated basis and in accordance with GAAP (including, without limitation, interest expense paid to Affiliates of such Person), less (b) the sum of (i) interest income for such period and (ii) gains for such period on Hedging Agreements (to the extent not included in interest income above and to the extent not deducted in the calculation of gross interest expense), plus (c) the sum of (i) losses for such period on Hedging Agreements (to the extent not included in gross interest expense) and (ii) the upfront costs or fees for such period associated with Hedging Agreements (to the extent not included in gross interest expense), in each case, determined on a consolidated basis and in accordance with GAAP.
Contingent Indemnity Obligations” means any Obligation constituting a contingent, unliquidated indemnification obligation of any Loan Party, in each case, to the extent (a) such obligation has not accrued and is not yet due and payable and (b) no claim has been made or is reasonably anticipated to be made with respect thereto.
Contingent Obligation” means, with respect to any Person, any obligation of such Person guaranteeing or intending to guarantee any Indebtedness, leases, dividends or other obligations (“primary obligations”) of any other Person (the “primary obligor”) in any manner, whether directly or indirectly, including, without limitation, (a) the direct or indirect guaranty, endorsement (other than for collection or deposit in the ordinary course of business), co-making, discounting with recourse or sale with recourse by such Person of the obligation of a primary obligor, (b) the obligation to make take-or-pay or similar payments, if required, regardless of nonperformance by any other party or parties to an agreement, and (c) any obligation of such Person, whether or not contingent, (i) to purchase any such primary obligation or any property constituting direct or indirect security therefor, (ii) to advance or supply funds (A) for the purchase or payment of any such primary obligation or (B) to maintain working capital or equity capital of the primary obligor or otherwise to maintain the net worth or solvency of the primary obligor, (iii) to purchase property, assets, securities or services primarily for the purpose of assuring the owner of any such primary obligation of the ability of the primary obligor to make payment of such primary obligation or (iv) otherwise to assure or hold harmless the holder of such primary obligation against loss in respect thereof; provided, however, that the term “Contingent Obligation” shall not include any product warranties extended in the ordinary course of business. The amount of any Contingent Obligation shall be deemed to be an amount equal to the stated or determinable amount of the primary obligation with respect to which such Contingent Obligation is made (or, if less, the maximum amount of such primary obligation for which such Person may be liable pursuant to the terms of the instrument evidencing such Contingent Obligation) or, if not stated or determinable, the maximum reasonably anticipated liability with respect thereto (assuming such Person is required to perform thereunder), as determined by such Person in good faith.
Contractual Obligation” means, as to any Person, any provision of any security issued by such Person or of any agreement, instrument or other undertaking to which such Person is a party or by which it or any of its property is bound.
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Contribution Notice” means a contribution notice issued by the Pensions Regulator under section 38 or section 47 of the Pensions Acts 2004 (UK).
Control Agreement” means, with respect to any deposit account, any securities account, commodity account, securities entitlement or commodity contract, an agreement, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Collateral Agent, among the Collateral Agent, the financial institution or other Person at which such account is maintained or with which such entitlement or contract is carried and the Loan Party maintaining such account, effective to grant “control” (as defined under the applicable UCC) over such account to the Collateral Agent.
Controlled Investment Affiliate” means, as to any Person, any other Person that (a) directly or indirectly, is in control of, is controlled by, or is under common control with, such Person and (b) is organized by such Person primarily for the purpose of making equity or debt investments in one or more companies. For purposes of this definition, “control” of a Person means the power, directly or indirectly, to direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of such Person whether by contract or otherwise.
Corresponding Tenor” with respect to any Available Tenor means, as applicable, either a tenor (including overnight) or an interest payment period having approximately the same length (disregarding business day adjustment) as such Available Tenor.
Credit Card Agreements” means, with respect to the Loan Parties, all agreements now or hereafter entered into by any Loan Party with any Credit Card Issuer or any Credit Card Processor, as the same now exist or may hereafter be amended, modified, supplemented, extended, renewed, restated, amended and restated, or replaced, including, without limitation, the agreements set forth on Schedule 6.01(y) hereto.
Credit Card Issuer” means any Person (other than any Loan Party) who issues or whose members issue credit or debit cards.
Credit Card Processor” means, with respect to each Loan Party, any servicing or processing agent or any factor or financial intermediary who facilitates, services, processes or manages the credit authorization, billing transfer and/or payment procedures with respect to any of such Loan Party’s sales transactions involving credit card or debit card purchases by customers using credit cards or debit cards issued by any Credit Card Issuer.
Cure Right” has the meaning specified in Section 9.02.
Current Value” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 7.01(m).
DAC6” means Annex IV of the Council Directive of 25 May 2018 (2018/822/EU) amending Directive 2011/16/EU.
Daily Simple SOFR” means, for any day, SOFR, with the conventions for this rate (which will include a lookback) being established by the Administrative Agent in accordance with the conventions for this rate selected or recommended by the Relevant Governmental Body for determining “Daily Simple SOFR” for syndicated business loans; provided, that if the Administrative Agent decides that any such convention is not administratively feasible for the Administrative Agent, then the Administrative Agent may establish another convention in its reasonable discretion.
Debtor Relief Law” means the Bankruptcy Code and any other liquidation, conservatorship, bankruptcy, assignment for the benefit of creditors, moratorium, rearrangement, receivership, insolvency, reorganization, or similar debtor relief law of the United States or other applicable jurisdiction from time to time in effect.
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Default” means an event which, with the giving of notice or the lapse of time or both, would constitute an Event of Default.
Defaulting Lender” means any Lender that (a) has failed to (i) fund all or any portion of its Loans within two (2) Business Days of the date such Loans were required to be funded hereunder unless such Lender notifies the Administrative Agent and the Administrative Borrower in writing that such failure is the result of such Lender’s determination that one or more conditions precedent to funding (each of which conditions precedent, together with any applicable default, shall be specifically identified in such writing) has not been satisfied, or (ii) pay to the Administrative Agent or any other Lender any other amount required to be paid by it hereunder within two (2) Business Days of the date when due, (b) has notified the Administrative Borrower, or the Administrative Agent in writing that it does not intend to comply with its funding obligations hereunder, or has made a public statement to that effect (unless such writing or public statement relates to such Lender’s obligation to fund a Loan hereunder and states that such position is based on such Lender’s determination that a condition precedent to funding (which condition precedent, together with any applicable default, shall be specifically identified in such writing or public statement) cannot be satisfied) or (c)  has, or has a direct or indirect parent company that has, (i) become the subject of a proceeding under any Debtor Relief Law, or (ii) had appointed for it a receiver, custodian, conservator, trustee, administrator, assignee for the benefit of creditors or similar Person charged with reorganization or liquidation of its business or assets, including the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other state or federal regulatory authority acting in such a capacity. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein, a Lender shall not be a Defaulting Lender solely by virtue of the ownership or acquisition of any Equity Interest in that Lender or any direct or indirect parent company thereof by a Governmental Authority so long as such ownership interest does not result in or provide such Lender with immunity from the jurisdiction of courts within the United States or from the enforcement of judgments or writs of attachment on its assets or permits such Lender (or such Governmental Authority) to reject, repudiate, disavow or disaffirm any contracts or agreements made with such Lender. Any determination by the Administrative Agent that a Lender is a Defaulting Lender under clauses (a) through (c) above shall be conclusive and binding absent manifest error, and such Lender shall be deemed to be a Defaulting Lender upon delivery of written notice of such determination to the Administrative Borrower and each Lender.
Deferred Merger Payment” means the payment of the “Holdback Amount” (as defined in the Zoosk Acquisition Agreement plus any interest accrued thereon pursuant to the Zoosk Acquisition Agreement.
Deferred Merger Payment Conditions” has the meaning set forth in Schedule 1.01(D).
Deferred Merger Payment Subordination Agreement” means that certain Subordination Agreement, dated as of July 1, 2019, among the Company Holders (as defined in the Zoosk Acquisition Agreement) holding a majority of the Company Capital Stock (as defined in the Zoosk Acquisition Agreement) and MGG, as successor to Blue Torch Finance LLC, as administrative agent.
Disbursement Letter” means a disbursement letter, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Collateral Agent, by and among the Loan Parties, the Agents, the Lenders and the other Persons party thereto, and the related funds flow memorandum describing the sources and uses of all cash payments in connection with the transactions contemplated to occur on the Effective Date.
Disposed EBITDA” means, with respect to any Sold Entity or Business for any period, the amount of Consolidated EBITDA of such Sold Entity or Business for such period.

Disposition” means any transaction, or series of related transactions, pursuant to which any Person or any of its Subsidiaries sells, assigns, transfers, leases, licenses (as licensor) or otherwise disposes of any property or assets (whether now owned or hereafter acquired) to any other Person, in each case, whether or not the consideration therefor consists of cash, securities or other assets owned by the acquiring Person. For purposes of clarification, “Disposition” shall include (a) the sale or other disposition for value of any contracts, (b) any disposition of property through a “plan of division” under the Delaware Limited Liability Company Act or any comparable transaction under any similar law, (c) the early termination or modification of any contract resulting in the receipt by any Loan Party of a cash
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payment or other consideration in exchange for such event (other than payments in the ordinary course for accrued and unpaid amounts due through the date of termination or modification) or (d), any sale of merchant accounts (or any rights thereto (including, without limitation, any rights to any residual payment stream with respect thereto)) by any Loan Party.
Disqualified Equity Interests” means any Equity Interest that, by its terms (or by the terms of any security or other Equity Interest into which it is convertible or for which it is exchangeable), or upon the happening of any event or condition, (a) matures or is mandatorily redeemable, pursuant to a sinking fund obligation or otherwise (except as a result of a change of control or asset sale so long as any rights of the holders thereof upon the occurrence of a change of control or asset sale event shall be subject to the prior repayment in full of the Loans and all other Obligations and the termination of the Commitments), (b) is redeemable at the option of the holder thereof, in whole or in part, (c) provides for the scheduled payments of dividends or distributions in cash, or (d) is convertible into or exchangeable for (i) Indebtedness or (ii) any other Equity Interests that would constitute Disqualified Equity Interests, in each case of clauses (a) through (d), prior to the date that is 91 days after the Final Maturity Date.
Dollar”, “Dollars” and the symbol “$” each means lawful money of the United States of America.
Domestic Subsidiary” means any Subsidiary that is organized and existing under the laws of the United States or any state or commonwealth thereof or under the laws of the District of Columbia.
Early Opt-in Election” means, if the then-current Benchmark is the LIBOR Rate, the occurrence of:
(1)a notification by the Administrative Agent to each of the other parties hereto that at least five (5) currently outstanding U.S. dollar-denominated syndicated credit facilities at such time contain (as a result of amendment or as originally executed) a SOFR-based rate (including SOFR, a term SOFR or any other rate based upon SOFR) as a benchmark rate (and such syndicated credit facilities are identified in such notice and are publicly available for review), and
(2)the election by the Administrative Agent to trigger a fallback from the LIBOR Rate and the provision by the Administrative Agent of written notice of such election to the Lenders and the Administrative Borrower.

EEA Financial Institution” means (a) any credit institution or investment firm established in any EEA Member Country which is subject to the supervision of an EEA Resolution Authority, (b) any entity established in an EEA Member Country which is a parent of an institution described in clause (a) of this definition, or (c) any financial institution established in an EEA Member Country which is a subsidiary of an institution described in clauses (a) or (b) of this definition and is subject to consolidated supervision with its parent.
EEA Member Country” means any of the member states of the European Union, Iceland, Liechtenstein, and Norway.
EEA Resolution Authority” means any public administrative authority or any person entrusted with public administrative authority of any EEA Member Country (including any delegee) having responsibility for the resolution of any EEA Financial Institution.
Effective Date” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 5.01.
Employee Plan” means an employee benefit plan within the meaning of Section 3(3) of ERISA (other than a Multiemployer Plan), regardless of whether subject to ERISA, that any Loan Party
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or any of its Subsidiaries maintains, sponsors or contributes to or is obligated to contribute to or otherwise has any liability.
English Debenture” means the English law governed debenture between Spark UK and the Collateral Agent, for the benefit of the Secured Parties dated on or about the date of this Agreement.
English Guarantor” means Spark UK and any Person organized under the laws of England and Wales that guarantees all or part of the Obligations pursuant to a Guaranty.
English Loan Party” and “English Loan Parties” means Spark UK and any other Loan Party or Loan Parties incorporated or existing under the laws of England and Wales.
English Security Documents” means the English Debenture, the English Share Charge and any other Collateral Document governed by the laws of England and Wales.
English Share Charge” means the English law governed share charge between Spark Networks, Inc. and the Collateral Agent, for the benefit of the Secured Parties dated on or about the date of this Agreement.
Environmental Claim” means any action, suit, complaint, summons, citation, notice, directive, order, claim, litigation, investigation, judicial or administrative proceeding, judgment, letter or other communication, from any Person or Governmental Authority relating to or arising out of any threatened, alleged or actual (a) violation of, non-compliance with, or liability under, any Environmental Law, or (b) the manufacture, use, handling, processing, distribution, labeling, generation, transportation, storage, treatment, Release, threatened Release, disposal or arranging for the disposal of, or exposure to, any Hazardous Materials.
Environmental Law” means any Requirements of Law relating to, regulating or governing (i) the pollution or protection of the environment, any environmental media, natural resources, human health or safety, or (ii) the manufacture, use, handling, processing, distribution, labeling, generation, transportation, storage, treatment, Release, threatened Release, disposal or arranging for the disposal of, or exposure to, any Hazardous Materials.
Environmental Liability” means all liabilities (contingent or otherwise, known or unknown), monetary obligations, losses (including monies paid in settlement), damages, natural resource damages, costs and expenses (including all reasonable fees, costs, client charges and expenses of counsel, experts and consultants), fines, penalties, sanctions and interest arising directly or indirectly as a result of, from, or based upon (a) any Environmental Claim, (b) any actual, alleged or threatened violation of or non-compliance with any Environmental Law or Environmental Permit, (c) any actual, alleged or threatened Release of, or exposure to, Hazardous Materials, (d) any Remedial Action, (e) any environmental condition or (f) any contract, agreement or other arrangement pursuant to which liability is assumed or imposed contractually or by operation of law with respect to any of the foregoing clauses (a)-(e).
Environmental Lien” means any Lien in favor of any Governmental Authority arising out of any Environmental Liability.
Environmental Permit” means any permit, license, authorization, approval, registration or entitlement required by or issued pursuant to any Environmental Law or by any Governmental Authority pursuant to Environmental Law.
Equity Interests” means (a) all shares of capital stock (whether denominated as common stock or preferred stock), equity interests, beneficial, partnership or membership interests, joint venture interests, participations, or other ownership, profit interests in or equivalents (regardless of how designated) of or in a Person (other than an individual), whether voting or non-voting, and (b) all securities convertible into or exchangeable for any of the foregoing and all warrants, options or other rights to purchase, subscribe for or otherwise acquire any of the foregoing, whether or not presently convertible, exchangeable or exercisable.
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Equity Issuance” means either (a) the sale or issuance by any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries of any shares of its Equity Interests or (b) the receipt by the Parent of any cash capital contributions.
ERISA” means the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended, and any rules and regulations thereunder, in each case, as in effect from time to time. References to sections of ERISA shall be construed also to refer to any successor sections.
ERISA Affiliate” means, with respect to any Person, any trade or business (whether or not incorporated) that, together with such Person is, or within the last six (6) years was, treated as a single employer under Section 414(b) or (c) of the Internal Revenue Code (or Sections 414(m) and (o) of the Internal Revenue Code for purposes of provisions relating to Section 412 of the Internal Revenue Code or Section 302 of ERISA) or Section 4001 of ERISA.
ERISA Event” means (a) the occurrence of a Reportable Event with respect to any Pension Plan; (b) the failure to meet the minimum funding standards of Section 412 or 430 of the Internal Revenue Code or Section 302 or 303 of ERISA with respect to any Pension Plan (whether or not waived in accordance with Section 412(c) of the Internal Revenue Code or Section 302(c) of ERISA) or the failure to make a contribution or installment required under Section 412 or 430(j) of the Internal Revenue Code with respect to any Pension Plan or the failure to make any required contribution to a Multiemployer Plan; (c) a determination that any Pension Plan is, or is expected to be, in “at risk” status (as defined in Section 430 of the Internal Revenue Code or Section 303 of ERISA); (d) a determination that any Multiemployer Plan is, or is expected to be, in “critical,” “endangered” or “critical and declining” status, in each case, within the meaning of Title IV of ERISA; (e) the filing of a notice of intent to terminate a Pension Plan or the treatment of an amendment to a Pension Plan as a termination under Section 4041 of ERISA; (f) the withdrawal by any Loan Party or any of its ERISA Affiliates from any Pension Plan with two or more contributing sponsors or the termination of any such Pension Plan resulting in liability to any Loan Party or any of its ERISA Affiliates pursuant to Section 4063 or 4064 of ERISA; (g) the institution by the PBGC of proceedings to terminate any Pension Plan or appoint a trustee to administer any Pension Plan, or the occurrence of any event or condition that might constitute grounds under ERISA for the termination of, or the appointment of a trustee to administer, any Pension Plan; (h) the imposition of liability on any Loan Party or any of its ERISA Affiliates pursuant to Section 4062(e) or 4069(a) of ERISA or by reason of the application of Section 4212(c) of ERISA; (i) the withdrawal of any Loan Party or any of its ERISA Affiliates in a complete or partial withdrawal (within the meaning of Sections 4203 and 4205 of ERISA) from any Multiemployer Plan or the receipt by any Loan Party or any of its ERISA Affiliates of notice from any Multiemployer Plan that it intends to terminate or has terminated under Section 4041A or 4042 of ERISA; (j) the occurrence of an act, circumstance, transaction, failure or omission which results in, or which could reasonably be expected to give result in, liability to a Loan Party under Title I of ERISA or a tax under any of Sections 4971 through 5000A of the Internal Revenue Code; (k) the imposition of any liability under Title IV of ERISA, other than for PBGC premiums due but not delinquent, upon any Loan Party or any of its ERISA Affiliates; (l) the assertion of a claim (other than routine claims for benefits) against any Employee Plan or the assets thereof, or against any Loan Party or any of its ERISA Affiliates in connection with any Employee Plan or Multiemployer Plan; (m) receipt from the Internal Revenue Service of notice that any Employee Plan that is intended to be qualified under Section 401(a) of the Internal Revenue Code) is not so qualified; (n) the imposition on any Loan Party of any fine, excise tax or penalty with respect to any Employee Plan or Multiemployer Plan resulting from any noncompliance with any Requirements of Law; (o) the imposition of a Lien pursuant to Section 430(k) of the Internal Revenue Code or pursuant to ERISA with respect to any Pension Plan; or (p) the occurrence of any Foreign Plan Event.
Erroneous Distribution” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 10.18.
Event of Default” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 9.01.
Excess Cash Flow” means, with respect to any Person for any period, (a) Consolidated EBITDA of such Person and its Subsidiaries for such period, less (b) the sum of, without duplication, (i) all cash principal payments (excluding any principal payments made pursuant to Section 2.05(b) or Section 2.05(c)) on the Loans made during such period and all cash principal payments on Indebtedness
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(other than Indebtedness incurred under this Agreement) of such Person or any of its Subsidiaries during such period to the extent such other Indebtedness is permitted to be incurred, and such payments are permitted to be made, under this Agreement (but, in the case of revolving loans, only to the extent that the revolving credit commitment in respect thereof is permanently reduced by the amount of such payments), (ii) all Consolidated Net Interest Expense to the extent paid or payable in cash during such period, (iii) the cash portion of Capital Expenditures made by such Person and its Subsidiaries during such period to the extent permitted to be made under this Agreement (excluding Capital Expenditures to the extent financed through the incurrence of long-term Indebtedness or through an Equity Issuance), (iv) all scheduled loan servicing fees and other similar fees in respect of Indebtedness of such Person or any of its Subsidiaries paid in cash during such period, to the extent such Indebtedness is permitted to be incurred, and such payments are permitted to be made, under this Agreement, (v) Taxes paid or payable in cash by such Person and its Subsidiaries for such period, (vi) all cash expenses, cash charges, cash losses and other cash items that were added back in the determination of Consolidated EBITDA for such period (or that were not deducted from Consolidated Net Income) for such period, (vii) all non-cash items that were added back in the determination of Consolidated EBITDA (or that were not deducted from Consolidated Net Income) for such period, (viii) the excess, if any, of Working Capital at the end of such period over Working Capital at the beginning of such period (or minus the excess, if any, of Working Capital at the beginning of such period over Working Capital at the end of such period), (ix) expenditures paid in cash using internally generated funds (and excluding expenditures to the extent financed through the incurrence of Indebtedness or through an Equity Issuance) with respect to or in connection with any Permitted Acquisition or other permitted Investments during such period (including payments of earn-out and other similar obligations), (x) insurance proceeds and reimbursements added back in the determination of Consolidated EBITDA (without duplication of such amounts) and (xi) cash payments in respect of clauses (e) and (f) of the definition of Permitted Restricted Payments made during such period, provided, that cash payments of such Permitted Restricted Payments shall, for the purposes of this clause (xi), not exceed $2,000,000 in any period.
Exchange Act” means the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.
Exchange Rate” means on any date, as determined by the Administrative Agent, the spot selling rate posted by Bloomberg on its website for the sale of the applicable currency for Dollars at approximately 11:00 a.m. on such date; provided, that, if, for any reason, no such spot rate is being quoted, the spot selling rate shall be determined by reference to such publicly available service for displaying exchange rates as may be reasonably selected by the Administrative Agent, or, in the event no such service is available, such spot selling rate shall instead be the rate reasonably determined by the Administrative Agent as the spot rate of exchange in the market where its foreign currency exchange operations in respect of the applicable currency are then being conducted, at or about 11:00 a.m. on the applicable date for the purchase of the relevant currency for delivery two (2) Business Days later.

Excluded Account” means (a) any deposit account specifically and exclusively used for payroll, payroll taxes and other employee wage and benefit payments to or for the benefit of any Loan Party’s employees, (b) any Petty Cash Accounts or (c) a deposit account that is a zero balance deposit account.
Excluded Subsidiary” means (a) any Immaterial Subsidiary and (b) any Foreign Subsidiary with respect to which, in the reasonable judgment of the Collateral Agent, the cost of providing a Guaranty (including the incurrence of any material adverse tax consequences) shall be excessive in view of the benefits to be obtained by the Secured Parties therefrom; provided that immediately upon the occurrence of any event or circumstance whereby any such Subsidiary described in clause (a) or clause (b) above no longer meets the criteria of an “Excluded Subsidiary” as set forth herein, such Subsidiary shall not be an Excluded Subsidiary and shall execute and deliver the agreements, instruments and other documents required by Section 7.01(b) in accordance with the terms thereof.
Excluded Taxes” means any of the following Taxes imposed on or with respect to a Recipient or required to be withheld or deducted from a payment to a Recipient, (a) Taxes imposed on or measured by net income (however denominated), franchise Taxes, and branch profits Taxes, in each case,
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(i) imposed as a result of such Recipient being organized under the laws of, or having its principal office or, in the case of any Lender, its applicable lending office located in, the jurisdiction imposing such Tax (or any political subdivision thereof) or (ii) that are Other Connection Taxes, (b) in the case of a Lender, U.S. federal withholding Taxes imposed on amounts payable to or for the account of such Lender with respect to an applicable interest in a Loan or Commitment pursuant to a law in effect on the date on which (i) such Lender acquires such interest in the Loan or (ii) such Lender changes its lending office, except in each case to the extent that, pursuant to Section 2.09, amounts with respect to such Taxes were payable either to such Lender’s assignor immediately before such Lender became a party hereto or to such Lender immediately before it changed its lending office, (c) Taxes attributable to such Recipient’s failure to comply with Section 2.09(d), (d) any U.S. federal withholding Taxes imposed under FATCA and (e) any Taxes imposed under German Income, Corporate and Trade Tax Act, e.g. under Sec. 50a Para. 7 German Income Tax Act (Einkommensteuergesetz).
Executive Order No. 13224” means the Executive Order No. 13224 on Terrorist Financing, effective September 24, 2001, as the same has been, or shall hereafter be, renewed, extended, amended or replaced.
Existing Credit Facility” means the Loan Agreement dated as of July 1, 2019 (as amended, amended and restated, supplemented or otherwise modified, renewed or replaced from time to time prior to the Effective Date) among Parent, Spark Networks, Zoosk, the other guarantors party thereto, the lenders from time to time party thereto, and Blue Torch Finance LLC, a Delaware limited liability, as administrative agent and collateral agent for the lenders party thereto.
Existing Lenders” means the lenders party to the Existing Credit Facility.
Extraordinary Receipts” means any cash received by the Parent or any of its Subsidiaries not in the ordinary course of business (and not consisting of proceeds described in Section 2.05(c)(ii), (iii) or (v) hereof or proceeds from the issuance of Equity Interests), including, without limitation, (a) foreign, United States, state or local tax refunds, (b) pension plan reversions, (c) judgments, proceeds of settlements or other consideration of any kind in connection with any cause of action, (d) indemnity payments (other than to the extent such indemnity payments are (i) immediately payable to a Person that is not an Affiliate of the Parent or any of its Subsidiaries, or (ii) received by the Parent or any of its Subsidiaries as reimbursement for any costs previously incurred or any payment previously made by such Person), and (e) any purchase price adjustment received in connection with any purchase agreement to the extent the related acquisition was funded in whole or in part with the proceeds of Loans (and then only to such extent).
Facility” means the real property identified on Schedule 1.01(B) and any New Facility hereafter acquired in fee by the Parent or any of its Subsidiaries, including, without limitation, the land on which each such facility is located, all buildings and other improvements thereon, and all fixtures located thereat or used in connection therewith.
FASB ASC” means the Accounting Standards Codification of the Financial Accounting Standards Board.
FATCA” means Sections 1471 through 1474 of the Internal Revenue Code, as of the date of this Agreement (or any amended or successor version that is substantively comparable and not materially more onerous to comply with) and any current or future regulations or official interpretations thereof, any agreements entered into pursuant to Section 1471(b)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code and any fiscal, tax or regulatory legislation, rules or official practices adopted pursuant to any intergovernmental agreement entered into in connection with the implementation of Sections 1471 through 1474 of the Internal Revenue Code and the Treasury Regulations thereunder.
FCPA” has the meaning specified therefor in the definition of Anti-Corruption Laws.
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Federal Funds Rate” means, for any period, a fluctuating interest rate per annum equal to, for each day during such period, the weighted average of the rates on overnight federal funds transactions with members of the Federal Reserve System as published on the next succeeding Business Day by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, or, if such rate is not so published for any day which is a Business Day, the average of the quotations for such day on such transactions received by the Administrative Agent from three federal funds brokers of recognized standing selected by the Administrative Agent.
Fee Letter” means the fee letter, dated as of the date hereof, among the Borrowers and the Agents, as amended, amended and restated, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time.
Final Maturity Date” means March 11, 2027; provided that if such day is not a Business Day, then the Final Maturity Date shall be the immediately preceding Business Day.
Financial Statements” means (a) the audited consolidated balance sheet of the Parent and its Subsidiaries for the Fiscal Year ended December 31, 2020, and the related consolidated statement of operations, shareholders’ equity and cash flows for the Fiscal Year then ended, and (b) the unaudited consolidated balance sheet of the Parent and its Subsidiaries for the twelve (12) months ended December 31, 2021, and the related consolidated statement of operations, shareholder’s equity and cash flows for the twelve (12) months then ended.
Financial Support Direction” means a financial support direction issued by the Pension Regulator under section 43 of the Pensions Act.
Fiscal Year” means the fiscal year of the Parent and its Subsidiaries ending on December 31 of each year.
Floor” means the benchmark rate floor, if any, provided in this Agreement initially (as of the execution of this Agreement, the modification, amendment or renewal of this Agreement or otherwise) with respect to the LIBOR Rate.
Foreign Lender” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 2.09(d)(ii)(B).
Foreign Plan” means any employee benefit plan, program, policy, arrangement or agreement maintained, sponsored or contributed to, or for which there is an obligation to contribute to, by any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries that is subject to any Requirements of Laws other than, or in addition to, the laws of the United States or any state thereof or the laws of the District of Columbia.
Foreign Plan Event” means, with respect to any Foreign Plan, (a) the existence of unfunded liabilities in excess of the amount permitted under any Requirement of Law, or in excess of the amount that would be permitted absent a waiver from a Governmental Authority, (b) the failure to make any required contribution or payment under any Requirement of Law within the time permitted by any Requirement of Law for such contributions or payments, (c) the receipt of a notice from a Governmental Authority relating to the intention to terminate any such Foreign Plan or to appoint a trustee or similar official to administer any such Foreign Plan, or alleging the insolvency of any such Foreign Plan, (d) the incurrence of any liability by any Loan Party or any Subsidiary under any law on account of the complete or partial termination of such Foreign Plan or the complete or partial withdrawal of any participating employer therein, or (e) the occurrence of any transaction with respect to a Foreign Plan that is prohibited under any Requirement of Law and that could reasonably be expected to result in the incurrence of any liability by any Loan Party or any Subsidiary, or the imposition on any Loan Party or any Subsidiary of any fine, excise tax or penalty with respect to a Foreign Plan resulting from any noncompliance with any Requirement of Law.
Foreign Security Document” means any English Security Document, any German Security Document, and any other agreement entered into pursuant to this Agreement with respect to the Obligations governed by laws other than the United States, individually or collectively, as the context requires.
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Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act” means the US Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act of 1976 (28 U.S.C. Sections 1602-1611), as amended.
Foreign Subsidiary” means any Subsidiary of the Parent that is not a Domestic Subsidiary.
Funding Losses” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 2.08.
GAAP” means generally accepted accounting principles in effect from time to time in the United States, applied on a consistent basis, provided that for the purpose of Section 7.03 and the definitions used therein, “GAAP” shall mean generally accepted accounting principles in effect on the date hereof and consistent with those used in the preparation of the Financial Statements, provided further that if there occurs after the date of this Agreement any change in GAAP that affects in any respect the calculation of any covenant contained in Section 7.03, the Collateral Agent and the Administrative Borrower shall negotiate in good faith amendments to the provisions of this Agreement that relate to the calculation of such covenant with the intent of having the respective positions of the Lenders and the Borrowers after such change in GAAP conform as nearly as possible to their respective positions as of the date of this Agreement and, until any such amendments have been agreed upon, the covenants in Section 7.03 shall be calculated as if no such change in GAAP has occurred.
German Loan Party” and “German Loan Parties” means Parent and Spark Networks Services GmbH and any other Loan Party or Loan Parties incorporated under German law and any Loan Party resident for tax purposes in the Germany including any Loan Party carrying on a business through a permanent establishment or deemed permanent establishment taxable in the Germany.
German Pledge Agreements” means a German law governed GmbH share pledge agreement regarding all shares in Spark Networks Services GmbH and an account pledge agreement regarding all German bank accounts.
German Security Agreements” means a global assignment regarding the security assignment over certain monetary receivables and security assignment agreement regarding German law governed Intellectual Property rights.
German Security Documents” means the German Pledge Agreements, the German Security Agreements and any other Collateral Document governed by the laws of Germany.
Governing Documents” means, (a) with respect to any corporation, the certificate or articles of incorporation and the bylaws (or equivalent or comparable constitutive documents with respect to any non-U.S. jurisdiction); (b) with respect to any limited liability company, the certificate or articles of formation or organization, and the operating agreement; (c) with respect to any partnership, joint venture, trust or other form of business entity, the partnership, joint venture, declaration or other applicable agreement or documentation evidencing or otherwise relating to its formation or organization, governance and capitalization; (d) with respect to any English Loan Party, articles of association, memorandum of association (if any), certificate of incorporation and certificate of change of name (if any), and (e) with respect to any of the entities described above, any other agreement, instrument, filing or notice with respect thereto filed in connection with its formation or organization with the applicable Governmental Authority in the jurisdiction of its formation or organization.
Governmental Authority” means any nation or government, any foreign, federal, state, territory, provincial, city, town, municipality, county, local or other political subdivision thereof or thereto and any department, commission, board, bureau, instrumentality, agency or other entity exercising executive, legislative, judicial, taxing, regulatory or administrative powers or functions of or pertaining to government (including any supra-national bodies such as the European Union or the European Central Bank).
Guaranteed Obligations” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 11.01.
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Guarantor” means (a) each Subsidiary of the Parent listed as a “Guarantor” on the signature pages hereto, and (b) each other Person which guarantees, pursuant to Section 7.01(b) or otherwise, all or any part of the Obligations; provided that in no case shall an Excluded Subsidiary be treated as a Guarantor hereunder.
Guaranty” means (a) the guaranty of each Guarantor party hereto contained in Article XI and (b) each other guaranty, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Collateral Agent, made by any other Guarantor in favor of the Collateral Agent for the benefit of the Agents and the Lenders guaranteeing all or part of the Obligations.
Hazardous Material” means any element, material, substance, waste, compound or chemical that is defined, listed or otherwise classified as a contaminant, pollutant, toxic or hazardous substance, hazardous waste, universal waste, special waste, or solid waste or is otherwise characterized by words of similar import under any Environmental Law or that is regulated under, or for which liability or standards of care are imposed, pursuant to any Environmental Law, including, without limitation, petroleum, polychlorinated biphenyls; asbestos-containing materials, lead or lead-containing materials, urea formaldehyde-containing materials, radioactive materials, radon, per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances and mold.
Hedging Agreement” means any interest rate, foreign currency, commodity or equity swap, collar, cap, floor or forward rate agreement, or other agreement or arrangement designed to protect against fluctuations in interest rates or currency, commodity or equity values (including, without limitation, any option with respect to any of the foregoing and any combination of the foregoing agreements or arrangements), and any confirmation executed in connection with any such agreement or arrangement.
Highest Lawful Rate” means, with respect to any Agent or any Lender, the maximum non-usurious interest rate, if any, that at any time or from time to time may be contracted for, taken, reserved, charged or received on the Obligations under laws applicable to such Agent or such Lender which are currently in effect or, to the extent allowed by law, under such applicable laws which may hereafter be in effect and which allow a higher maximum non-usurious interest rate than applicable laws now allow.
Holdout Lender” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 12.02(c).
Immaterial Subsidiary” means, at any time, any Subsidiary that (i) contributed 5.0% or less of the Consolidated EBITDA of the Parent and its Subsidiaries for the most recently ended period for which financial statements have been delivered, and (ii) had assets representing 5.0% or less of the total consolidated assets of the Parent and its Subsidiaries on the last day of the most recently ended period for which financial statements have been delivered; provided if at any time and from time to time after the Effective Date, Immaterial Subsidiaries comprise in the aggregate more than 10.0% of the Consolidated EBITDA of the Parent and its Subsidiaries for the most recently ended period for which financial statements have been delivered or more than 10.0% of the consolidated assets of the Parent and its Subsidiaries as of the end of the most recently ended period for which financial statements have been delivered, then the Parent shall, not later than thirty days after the date by which financial statements for such period are required to be delivered (or such longer period as the Administrative Agent may agree in its sole discretion), designate in writing to the Administrative Agent that one or more of such Subsidiaries is no longer an Immaterial Subsidiary for purposes of this Agreement to the extent required such that the foregoing condition ceases to be true. As of the Effective Date, the Immaterial Subsidiaries are listed on Schedule 1.01(C).
Indebtedness” means, with respect to any Person, without duplication, (a) all indebtedness of such Person for borrowed money; (b) all obligations of such Person for the deferred purchase price of property or services (other than (1) trade payables or other accounts payable incurred in the ordinary course of such Person’s business that are more than 90 days past due and (2) any earn-out, purchase price adjustment or similar obligation until such obligation appears in the liabilities section of the balance sheet of such Person); (c) all obligations of such Person evidenced by bonds, debentures, notes or other similar instruments or upon which interest payments are customarily made; (d) all
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reimbursement, payment or other obligations and liabilities of such Person created or arising under any conditional sales or other title retention agreement with respect to property used and/or acquired by such Person, even though the rights and remedies of the lessor, seller and/or lender thereunder may be limited to repossession or sale of such property; (e) all Capitalized Lease Obligations of such Person; (f) all obligations and liabilities, contingent or otherwise, of such Person, in respect of letters of credit, acceptances and similar facilities; (g) all obligations and liabilities, calculated on a basis reasonably satisfactory to the Collateral Agent and in accordance with accepted practice, of such Person under Hedging Agreements; (h) all monetary obligations under any receivables factoring, receivable sales or similar transactions and all monetary obligations under any synthetic lease, tax ownership/operating lease, off-balance sheet financing or similar financing; (i) all Contingent Obligations in respect of any Indebtedness described under clauses (a) through (h) or (j) of this definition; (j) all Disqualified Equity Interests; and (k) all obligations referred to in clauses (a) through (j) of this definition of another Person secured by (or for which the holder of such Indebtedness has an existing right, contingent or otherwise, to be secured by) a Lien upon property owned by such Person, even though such Person has not assumed or become liable for the payment of such Indebtedness. The Indebtedness of any Person shall include the aggregate outstanding principal amount of Indebtedness of any partnership of or joint venture in which such Person is a general partner or a joint venture (except to the extent such Person is not liable for the Indebtedness of such partnership or joint venture).
Indemnified Matters” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 12.15.
Indemnified Taxes” means (a) Taxes, other than Excluded Taxes, imposed on or with respect to any payment made by or on account of any obligation of any Loan Party under any Loan Document and (b) to the extent not otherwise described in clause (a), Other Taxes.
Indemnitees” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 12.15.
Insolvency Proceeding” means any proceeding commenced by or against any Person under any provision of any Debtor Relief Law.
Intellectual Property” has the meaning specified therefor in the Security Agreement and the Foreign Security Documents, as applicable.
Intellectual Property Contracts” means all agreements concerning Intellectual Property, including without limitation license agreements, technology consulting agreements, confidentiality agreements, co-existence agreements, consent agreements and non-assertion agreements.
Intercompany Subordination Agreement” means an Intercompany Subordination Agreement made by the Parent and its Subsidiaries in favor of the Collateral Agent for the benefit of the Agents and the Lenders, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Collateral Agent.
Interest Period” means, with respect to each LIBOR Rate Loan, a period commencing on the date of the making of such LIBOR Rate Loan (or the continuation of a LIBOR Rate Loan or the conversion of a Reference Rate Loan to a LIBOR Rate Loan) and ending one (1) month thereafter; provided, however, that (a) if any Interest Period would end on a day that is not a Business Day, such Interest Period shall be extended (subject to clauses (c)-(e) below) to the next succeeding Business Day, (b) interest shall accrue at the applicable rate based upon the LIBOR Rate from and including the first day of each Interest Period to, but excluding, the day on which any Interest Period expires, (c) any Interest Period that would end on a day that is not a Business Day shall be extended to the next succeeding Business Day unless such Business Day falls in another calendar month, in which case such Interest Period shall end on the next preceding Business Day, (d) with respect to an Interest Period that begins on the last Business Day of a calendar month (or on a day for which there is no numerically corresponding day in the calendar month at the end of such Interest Period), the Interest Period shall end on the last Business Day of the calendar month that is one (1) month after the date on which the Interest Period began, as applicable, and (e) the Borrowers may not elect an Interest Period which will end after the Final Maturity Date.
Internal Revenue Code” means the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.
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Inventory” means, with respect to any Person, all goods and merchandise of such Person leased or held for sale or lease by such Person, including, without limitation, all raw materials, work-in-process and finished goods, and all packaging, supplies and materials of every nature used or usable in connection with the shipping, storing, advertising or sale of such goods and merchandise, whether now owned or hereafter acquired, and all such other property the sale or other disposition of which would give rise to an Account or cash.
Investment” means, with respect to any Person, (a) any investment by such Person in any other Person (including Affiliates) in the form of loans, guarantees, advances or other extensions of credit (excluding Accounts arising in the ordinary course of business), capital contributions or acquisitions of Indebtedness (including, any bonds, notes, debentures or other debt securities), Equity Interests, or all or substantially all of the assets of such other Person (or of any division or business line of such other Person), (b) the purchase or ownership of any futures contract or liability for the purchase or sale of currency or other commodities at a future date in the nature of a futures contract, or (c) any investment in any other items that are or would be classified as investments on a balance sheet of such Person prepared in accordance with GAAP.
ISDA Definitions” means the 2006 ISDA Definitions published by the International Swaps and Derivatives Association, Inc. or any successor thereto, as amended or supplemented from time to time, or any successor definitional booklet for interest rate derivatives published from time to time by the International Swaps and Derivatives Association, Inc. or such successor thereto.
Joinder Agreement” means a Joinder Agreement, substantially in the form of Exhibit A, duly executed by a Subsidiary of a Loan Party made a party hereto pursuant to Section 7.01(b).
Lease” means any lease, sublease or license of, or other agreement granting a possessory interest in, real property to which any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries is a party as lessor, lessee, sublessor, sublessee, licensor or licensee.
Legal Reservations” means, in the case of any English Loan Party, (a) the principle that equitable remedies may be granted or refused at the discretion of a court and the limitation of enforcement by laws relating to bankruptcy, liquidation, insolvency, reorganization and other laws generally affecting the rights of creditors; (b) the time barring of claims under applicable laws, the possibility that an undertaking to assume liability for or indemnify a person against non-payment of stamp duty or land and buildings tax may be void and defenses of set-off or counterclaim; (c) similar principles, rights and defenses under the laws of any relevant jurisdiction and (d) any other matters which are set out as qualifications or reservations (however described) as to matters of law in any legal opinion delivered to the Administrative Agent or the Collateral Agent pursuant to any Loan Document.
Lender” has the meaning specified therefor in the preamble.
Leverage Ratio” means, with respect to any Person and its Subsidiaries for any period, on a consolidated basis, the ratio of: (a) (i) the then aggregate outstanding principal amount all Indebtedness described in clauses (a), (b), (c), (d) (solely to the extent such obligation appears in the liabilities section of the balance sheet of such Person), (e) (solely to the extent such obligation appears in the liabilities section of the balance sheet of such Person) and (f) in the definition thereof , in each case, of such Person and its Subsidiaries as of the end of such period minus (ii) Qualified Cash not to exceed $5,000,000 to (b) Consolidated EBITDA of such Person and its Subsidiaries for such period.
LIBOR” means, with respect to any LIBOR Rate Loan for any Interest Period, the London interbank offered rate as calculated by the ICE Benchmark Administration (or any other Person that takes over the administration of such rate) and obtained through a nationally recognized service such as Bloomberg (or on any successor or substitute page on such screen that displays such rate, or on the appropriate page of such other information service that publishes such rate from time to time as selected by the Administrative Agent in its reasonable discretion; in each case, the “Screen Rate”), or a comparable or successor rate that has been approved by the Administrative Agent, at approximately 11:00 a.m., London time, two Business Days prior to the commencement of such Interest Period; provided that,
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if the Screen Rate shall not be available at such time for such Interest Period (an “Impacted Interest Period”) with respect to Dollars, then the LIBOR Rate shall be the Interpolated Rate at such time. “Interpolated Rate” means, at any time, the rate per annum determined by the Administrative Agent (which determination shall be conclusive and binding absent manifest error) to be equal to the rate that results from interpolating on a linear basis between: (a) the Screen Rate for the longest period (for which that Screen Rate is available in Dollars) that is shorter than the Impacted Interest Period and (b) the Screen Rate for the shortest period (for which that Screen Rate is available for Dollars) that exceeds the Impacted Interest Period, in each case, at such time. Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, if “LIBOR” shall be less than zero, such rate shall be deemed to be zero for purposes of this Agreement.
LIBOR Deadline” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 2.07(a).
LIBOR Notice” means a written notice substantially in the form of Exhibit D.
LIBOR Option” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 2.07(a).
LIBOR Rate” means, for each Interest Period for each LIBOR Rate Loan, the greater of (a) the rate per annum determined by the Administrative Agent (rounded upwards if necessary, to the next 1/100%) by dividing (i) LIBOR for such Interest Period by (ii) 100% minus the Reserve Percentage and (b) 1.00% per annum. The LIBOR Rate shall be adjusted on and as of the effective day of any change in the Reserve Percentage.
LIBOR Rate Loan” means each portion of a Loan that bears interest at a rate determined by reference to the LIBOR Rate.
Lien” means any mortgage, deed of trust, deed to secure debt, pledge, lien (statutory or otherwise), security interest, charge or other encumbrance or security or preferential arrangement of any nature, including, without limitation, any conditional sale or title retention arrangement, any Capitalized Lease and any assignment, deposit arrangement or financing lease intended as, or having the effect of, security.
Liquidity” means Qualified Cash.
Loan” means the Term Loan made by an Agent or a Lender to the Borrowers pursuant to Article II.
Loan Account” means an account maintained hereunder by the Administrative Agent on its books of account at the Payment Office, and with respect to the Borrowers, in which the Borrowers will be charged with all Loans made to, and all other Obligations incurred by, the Borrowers.
Loan Document” means this Agreement, the Assignment of Business Interruption/Cyber Insurance Policy, any Control Agreement (or equivalent documentation to the extent required under any applicable Foreign Security Document for accounts located outside the U.S.), the Disbursement Letter, the Fee Letter, any Guaranty, the Intercompany Subordination Agreement, the Deferred Merger Payment Subordination Agreement, any Joinder Agreement, any Mortgage, any Security Agreement, any Foreign Security Document, any UCC Filing Authorization Letter, the VCOC Management Rights Agreement, any landlord waiver, any collateral access agreement, any Perfection Certificate and any other agreement, instrument, certificate, report and other document executed and delivered pursuant hereto or thereto or otherwise evidencing or securing any Loan or any other Obligation.
Loan Party” means any Borrower and any Guarantor.
Loan Party Data” has the meaning given to such term in Section 6.01(ii).
Loan Party Systems” has the meaning given to such term in Section 6.01(ii).
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Marketing Efficiency Ratio” means, for any period, the ratio of (a) the aggregate amount of gross monthly bookings by the Loan Parties from all customers (including subscriptions, advertising, premium purchases) during such period to (b) the direct marketing expenses (as included in the “Cost of Goods Sold” line item in the Loan Parties’ income statement) incurred by such Loan Parties during such period, calculated in a manner consistent with the calculations provided to the Agents prior to the Effective Date.
Material Adverse Effect” means a material adverse effect on any of (a) the operations, assets, liabilities or financial condition of the Loan Parties taken as a whole, (b) the ability of the Loan Parties taken as a whole to perform any of their payment and other material obligations under any Loan Document, (c) the legality, validity or enforceability of this Agreement or any other Loan Document or (d) the validity, perfection or priority of a Lien in favor of the Collateral Agent for the benefit of the Agents and the Lenders on Collateral having a fair market value in excess of $2,500,000.
Material Contract” means, with respect to any Person, each Contractual Obligation, the failure to comply with which, or the termination (without contemporaneous replacement) of which, would reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.
Moody’s” means Moody’s Investors Service, Inc. and any successor thereto.
Mortgage” means a mortgage, deed of trust or deed to secure debt, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Collateral Agent, made by a Loan Party in favor of the Collateral Agent for the benefit of the Agents and the Lenders, securing the Obligations and delivered to the Collateral Agent.
Multiemployer Plan” means a “multiemployer plan” as defined in Section 4001(a)(3) of ERISA to which any Loan Party or any of its ERISA Affiliates has contributed, or has been obligated to contribute, to at any time during the preceding the six (6) calendar years.
Net Cash Proceeds” means, with respect to, any issuance or incurrence of any Indebtedness, any Equity Issuance, any Disposition or the receipt of any Extraordinary Receipts or Casualty Event Proceeds by any Person or any of its Subsidiaries, the aggregate amount of cash received (directly or indirectly) from time to time (whether as initial consideration or through the payment or disposition of deferred consideration) by or on behalf of such Person or such Subsidiary, in connection therewith after deducting therefrom only (a) in the case of any Disposition or the receipt of any Casualty Event Proceeds, the amount of any Indebtedness secured by any Permitted Lien on any asset (other than Indebtedness assumed by the purchaser of such asset) which is required to be, and is, repaid in connection therewith (other than Indebtedness under this Agreement), (b) reasonable fees, costs and expenses (including legal, investment banking, underwriting, brokerage and accounting and other professional fees, sales commissions and disbursements) related thereto incurred by such Person or such Subsidiary in connection therewith, (c) transfer taxes paid or payable to any taxing authorities by such Person or such Subsidiary in connection therewith, and (d) Taxes paid or payable in connection therewith (after taking into account any tax credits or deductions and any tax sharing arrangements), in each case, to the extent, but only to the extent, that the amounts so deducted are (i) actually paid or payable to a Person that, except in the case of reasonable out-of-pocket expenses, is not an Affiliate of such Person or any of its Subsidiaries and (ii) properly attributable to such transaction or to the asset that is the subject thereof.
New Facility” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 7.01(m).
Non-U.S. Lender” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 2.09(d).
Notice of Borrowing” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 2.02(a).
Obligations” means all present and future indebtedness, obligations, and liabilities of each Loan Party to the Agents and the Lenders arising under or in connection with this Agreement or any other Loan Document, whether or not the right of payment in respect of such claim is reduced to judgment, liquidated, unliquidated, fixed, contingent, matured, disputed, undisputed, legal, equitable, secured, unsecured, and whether or not such claim is discharged, stayed or otherwise affected by any
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proceeding referred to in Section 9.01. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the Obligations of each Loan Party under the Loan Documents include (a) the obligation (irrespective of whether a claim therefor is allowed in an Insolvency Proceeding) to pay principal, interest, charges, expenses, fees, premiums (including the Applicable Premium), attorneys’ fees and disbursements, indemnities and other amounts payable by such Person under the Loan Documents, and (b) the obligation of such Person to reimburse any amount in respect of any of the foregoing that any Agent or any Lender (in its sole discretion) may elect to pay or advance on behalf of such Person.
OFAC” means the Office of Foreign Assets Control of the U.S. Department of the Treasury.
Other Connection Taxes” means, with respect to any Recipient, Taxes imposed as a result of a present or former connection between such Recipient and the jurisdiction imposing such Tax (other than connections arising from such Recipient having executed, delivered, become a party to, performed its obligations under, received payments under, received or perfected a security interest under, engaged in any other transaction pursuant to or enforced any Loan Document, or sold or assigned an interest in any Loan or Loan Document).
Other Taxes” means all present or future stamp, court or documentary, intangible, recording, filing or similar Taxes that arise from any payment made under, from the execution, delivery, performance, enforcement or registration of, from the receipt or perfection of a security interest under, or otherwise with respect to, any Loan Document.
Parent” has the meaning specified therefor in the preamble.
Participant Register” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 12.07(i).
Patent Security Agreement” means the Patent Security Agreement, dated as of the date hereof, made by the applicable Loan Parties in favor of the Collateral Agent, in form and substance satisfactory to the Collateral Agent.
Payment Office” means the Administrative Agent’s office located at One Penn Plaza, 53rd Floor, New York, New York 10019, or at such other office or offices of the Administrative Agent as may be designated in writing from time to time by the Administrative Agent to the Collateral Agent and the Administrative Borrower.
PBGC” means the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation or any successor thereto.
Pension Plan” means an employee benefit plan within the meaning of Section 3(3) of ERISA (other than a Multiemployer Plan) that is subject to Section 412 of the Internal Revenue Code, Section 302 of ERISA or Title IV of ERISA and maintained, sponsored or contributed to, or for which there is an obligation to contribute to, by any Loan Party or any of its ERISA Affiliates at any time during the preceding six calendar years.
Pensions Regulator” means the body corporate called the Pensions regulator established under Part I of the Pensions Act 2004 (UK).
Perfection Certificate” means a certificate in form and substance satisfactory to the Collateral Agent providing information with respect to the property of each Loan Party.
Permitted Acquisition” means any Acquisition by a Loan Party or any wholly-owned Subsidiary of a Loan Party to the extent that each of the following conditions shall have been satisfied:
(a)    no Default or Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing or would result from the consummation of the proposed Acquisition;
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(b)    to the extent the Acquisition will be financed in whole or in part with the proceeds of any Loan, the conditions set forth in Section 5.02 shall have been satisfied;
(c)    the Borrowers shall have furnished to the Agents (i) (a) at least five (5) Business Days prior to the closing of such Acquisition or such shorter period as Agent may reasonably accept (with updates and executed copies thereof provided to Administrative Agent as soon as available) drafts of the applicable asset purchase agreement, stock purchase agreement or other agreement evidencing such Permitted Acquisition and each other material agreement, document or instrument executed pursuant to, or delivered in connection with, such agreement, in each case together with all schedules and exhibits thereto (the “Permitted Acquisition Documents”) and (b) at least one (1) Business Day prior to (or such shorter period as agreed to by Administrative Agent) the consummation of such Acquisition, final versions of such Permitted Acquisition Documents, (ii) at least five (5) Business Days prior to the closing of such acquisition or such shorter period as Administrative Agent may reasonably accept, to the extent readily available, pro forma financial statements of the Parent and its Subsidiaries after the consummation of such Acquisition, (iii) prior the closing of such Acquisition, a certificate of the chief financial officer of the Parent, demonstrating, on a pro forma basis, compliance, as at the end of the most recently ended fiscal quarter for which internally prepared financial statements are available, with all covenants set forth in Section 7.03 after the consummation of such Acquisition, (iv) if the consideration for any such proposed Acquisition and all other payments, directly or indirectly, by any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries in exchange for, or as part of, or in connection with, any such Acquisition, whether paid in cash or by exchange of properties (including capital expenditures used to fund any portion of a purchase price and any assumptions of Indebtedness) or otherwise (but excluding transaction costs and expenses, exchange of capital stock and any portion of the purchase price attributable to cash on the balance sheet of the target) (whether payable at or prior to the consummation of such Acquisition or deferred for payment at any future time) exceeds $5,000,000, at least five (5) Business Days prior to the closing of such Acquisition or such shorter period as Agents may reasonably accept, a description of the proposed acquisition and material and customary legal and business diligence reports, and (v) in the case of a target entity (or set of assets) being acquired whose Consolidated EBITDA (calculated on a Pro Forma Basis in a manner consistent with the definition thereof) represents at least 10.0% of Consolidated EBITDA (calculated on a Pro Forma Basis prior to giving effect to such Acquisition) of the Parent and its Subsidiaries, in each case for the trailing twelve month period most recently ended for which financial statements have been delivered to Agents, at least five (5) Business Days prior to the closing of such Acquisition or such shorter period as Agents may reasonably accept, a quality of earnings report, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Agents from a nationally or regionally recognized firm (or other firm reasonably acceptable to the Agents);
(d)    the agreements, instruments and other documents referred to in paragraph (c) above shall provide that (i) neither the Loan Parties nor any of their Subsidiaries shall, in connection with such Acquisition, assume or remain liable in respect of any Indebtedness of the Seller or Sellers, or other obligation of the Seller or Sellers (except for obligations incurred in the ordinary course of business in operating the property so acquired and necessary or desirable to the continued operation of such property and except for Permitted Indebtedness), and (ii) all property to be so acquired in connection with such Acquisition shall be free and clear of any and all Liens, except for Permitted Liens;
(e)    such Acquisition shall be effected in such a manner so that the acquired assets or Equity Interests are owned either by a Loan Party or a wholly-owned Subsidiary of a Loan Party and, if effected by merger or consolidation involving a Loan Party, such Loan Party shall be the continuing or surviving Person;
(f)    [Reserved];
(g)    the assets being acquired or the Person whose Equity Interests are being acquired did not have negative Consolidated EBITDA calculated on a Pro Forma Basis during the 12-consecutive-month period most recently concluded prior to the date of the proposed Acquisition;
(h)    the assets being acquired (other than a de minimis amount of assets in relation to the Loan Parties and their Subsidiaries’ total assets), or the Person whose Equity Interests are being
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acquired, are useful in or engaged in, as applicable, the business of the Loan Parties and their Subsidiaries or a business reasonably related thereto;
(i)    the assets being acquired (other than a de minimis amount of assets in relation to the assets being acquired) are located within the United States or any other jurisdiction in which a Guarantor existing on the Effective Date was incorporated or the Person whose Equity Interests are being acquired is organized in a jurisdiction located within the United States, any other jurisdiction in which a Guarantor existing on the Effective Date was incorporated or otherwise formed or in such other jurisdiction reasonably determined by the Administrative Agent in which the Collateral Agent can obtain a substantially similar Lien on the acquired assets;
(j)    such Acquisition shall be consensual and shall have been approved by the board of directors of the Person whose Equity Interests or assets are proposed to be acquired and shall not have been preceded by an unsolicited tender offer for such Equity Interests by, or proxy contest initiated by, Parent or any of its Subsidiaries or an Affiliate thereof;
(k)    any such Subsidiary (and its equityholders) shall execute and deliver the agreements, instruments and other documents required by Section 7.01(b) within the timeframes set forth therein; and
(l)    the Purchase Price payable in respect of (i) any single Acquisition or series of related Acquisitions shall not exceed the sum of (x) $10,000,000 in the aggregate plus (y) (1) to the extent that any part of the Purchase Price for such Acquisition is made solely with Qualified Equity Interests of Parent, any amount paid for with such Qualified Equity Interests and (2) to the extent any Lender declines to accept all or any portion of any mandatory prepayment required to be paid pursuant to Section 2.05(c)(i) (such amounts so declined, the “Declined ECF Proceeds”), any amount paid for with such Declined ECF Proceeds and (ii) all Acquisitions (including the proposed Acquisition) shall not exceed the sum of (x) $40,000,000 in the aggregate during the term of this Agreement plus (y) (a) to the extent that any part of the Purchase Price for such Acquisition is made solely with Qualified Equity Interests of Parent, any amount paid for with such Qualified Equity Interests and (b) any amount paid for with the Declined ECF Proceeds; provided, that the consideration for any Acquisition in the form of earnouts shall not exceed 33.33% of total Purchase Price for such Acquisition.
Permitted Cure Equity” means Qualified Equity Interests of the Parent.
Permitted Disposition” means:
(a)    sale of Inventory in the ordinary course of business;
(b)    licensing, on a non-exclusive basis, Intellectual Property rights in the ordinary course of business;
(c)    leasing or subleasing assets in the ordinary course of business;
(d)    (i) the lapse of Registered Intellectual Property of the Parent and its Subsidiaries to the extent such Registered Intellectual Property is not economically desirable in the conduct of their business or (ii) the abandonment of Intellectual Property rights in the ordinary course of business so long as (in each, case under clauses (i) and (ii)), (A) with respect to copyrights, such copyrights are not material revenue generating copyrights, and (B) such lapse or abandonment is not materially adverse to the interests of the Secured Parties;
(e)    any involuntary loss, damage or destruction of property;
(f)    any involuntary condemnation, seizure or taking, by exercise of the power of eminent domain or otherwise, or confiscation or requisition of use of property;
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(g)    transfers of assets (i) from the Parent or any of its Subsidiaries to a Loan Party and (ii) from any Subsidiary of the Parent that is not a Loan Party to any other Subsidiary of the Parent;
(h)    Disposition of obsolete or worn-out equipment in the ordinary course of business;
(i)    a Disposition of cash and Cash Equivalents, in each case, in a manner not prohibited by the other terms of this Agreement in the ordinary course of business;
(j)    a Disposition of accounts receivable in the ordinary course of business (including to insurers which have provided insurance as to the collection thereof and any discount or forgiveness thereof) or in connection with the collection or compromise thereof in an arm’s-length transaction;
(k)    any Disposition or termination of any lease, license, sublease or sublicense in the ordinary course of business;
(l)    the leasing, as lessor, of real or personal property not useful in such Person’s business and otherwise in the ordinary course of business;
(m)    a sale or Disposition of equipment or other physical or capital assets that are useful in such Person’s business, to the extent that such equipment or such physical or capital assets are exchanged for credit against the purchase price of similar replacement equipment or replacement physical or capital assets or the proceeds of such Dispositions are reasonably promptly applied to the purchase price of similar replacement equipment or replacement physical or capital assets, all in the ordinary course of business; and
(n)    Dispositions of property or assets not otherwise permitted above for fair market value upon satisfaction of the following conditions:
(i) the aggregate fair market value of all Dispositions during any Fiscal Year does not exceed $2,000,000;
(ii) immediately prior to and immediately after giving effect to such Disposition, no Default or Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing or would result therefrom;
(iii) the Net Cash Proceeds of all such Dispositions (including the proposed Disposition), are paid to the Administrative Agent for the benefit of the Agents and the Lenders pursuant to the terms of Section 2.05(c)(ii) or applied as provided in Section 2.05(c)(vii); and
(iv) no less than seventy-five percent (75%) of the consideration received for any such sale, transfer, conveyance or Disposition is received in cash.
Permitted Indebtedness” means:
(a)    any Indebtedness owing to any Agent or any Lender under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents;
(b)    any other Indebtedness listed on Schedule 7.02(b), and any Permitted Refinancing Indebtedness in respect of such Indebtedness;
(c)    Permitted Purchase Money Indebtedness and any Permitted Refinancing Indebtedness in respect of such Indebtedness;
(d)    Permitted Intercompany Investments;
(e)    Indebtedness incurred in the ordinary course of business under performance, surety, statutory, and appeal bonds;
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(f)    Indebtedness owed to any Person providing property, casualty, liability, or other insurance to the Loan Parties, so long as the amount of such Indebtedness is not in excess of the amount of the unpaid cost of, and shall be incurred only to defer the cost of, such insurance for the period in which such Indebtedness is incurred and such Indebtedness is outstanding only during such period;
(g)    the incurrence by any Loan Party of Indebtedness under Hedging Agreements that are incurred for the bona fide purpose of hedging the interest rate, commodity, or foreign currency risks associated with such Loan Party’s operations and not for speculative purposes;
(h)    Indebtedness incurred in respect of credit cards, credit card processing services, debit cards, stored value cards, purchase cards (including so-called “procurement cards” or “P-cards”) or other similar cash management services, not at any time to exceed $500,000 in the aggregate;
(i)    contingent liabilities in respect of any indemnification obligation, adjustment of purchase price, non-compete, or similar obligation of any Loan Party incurred in connection with the consummation of one or more Permitted Acquisitions;
(j)    Indebtedness of a Person whose assets or Equity Interests are acquired by the Parent or any of its Subsidiaries in a Permitted Acquisition in an aggregate amount not to exceed, together with the amount of Permitted Purchase Money Indebtedness, $2,000,000 in the aggregate at any one time outstanding; provided that such Indebtedness (i) is either Permitted Purchase Money Indebtedness or a Capitalized Lease with respect to equipment or mortgage financing with respect to a Facility, (ii) was in existence prior to the date of such Permitted Acquisition and (iii) was not incurred in connection with, or in contemplation of, such Permitted Acquisition;
(k)    (i) unsecured Indebtedness (including, but not limited to, seller notes) incurred in connection with a Permitted Acquisition solely for the purpose of consummating such Permitted Acquisition so long as (A) no Event of Default has occurred and is continuing or would result therefrom, (B) such unsecured Indebtedness does not mature prior to the date that is six (6) months after the Final Maturity Date, (C) such unsecured Indebtedness does not amortize until six (6) months after the Final Maturity Date, (D) such unsecured Indebtedness does not provide for the payment of interest thereon in cash or Cash Equivalents prior to the date that is six (6) months after the Final Maturity Date, and (E) such Indebtedness is subordinated in right of payment to the Obligations on terms and conditions reasonably satisfactory to the Collateral Agent and (ii) unsecured Indebtedness consisting of earn-outs and other deferred purchase price obligations (to the extent constituting Indebtedness) incurred in connection with a Permitted Acquisition so long as such Indebtedness is subordinated in right of payment to the Obligations on terms and conditions reasonably satisfactory to the Collateral Agent;
(l)    customer deposits and advance payments received in the ordinary course of business from customers for goods and services purchased in the ordinary course of business;
(m)    guaranty obligations of a Loan Party in respect of Indebtedness of a Loan Party otherwise permitted hereunder, and guaranty obligations of a Subsidiary of a Loan Party in respect of Indebtedness of a Loan Party or any Subsidiary of a Loan Party otherwise permitted hereunder;
(n)    Indebtedness owed to any Person providing worker’s compensation, health, disability or other employee benefits or property, casualty or liability insurance to the Borrowers or any of their respective Subsidiaries incurred in connection with such Person providing such benefits or insurance pursuant to customary reimbursement or indemnification obligations to such Person;
(o)    Indebtedness of any Borrower or any Subsidiary representing deferred compensation to current or former directors, officers, employees, members of management, managers, and consultants of Parent or any Subsidiary in the ordinary course of business;
(p)    Indebtedness consisting of obligations owing under any customer or supplier incentive, supply, license or similar agreements entered into in the ordinary course of business;
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(q)    Indebtedness incurred pursuant to Section 8a of the German Act on Partial Retirement (Altersteilzeitgesetz) or Section 7e of the Fourth Book of the German Social Code (Sozialgesetzbuch IV);
(r)    the Deferred Merger Payment to the extent subject to the Deferred Merger Payment Subordination Agreement; and
(s)    unsecured Indebtedness not otherwise permitted hereunder in an aggregate principal amount outstanding not to exceed $2,500,000.
Permitted Intercompany Investments” means Investments made by (a) a Loan Party to or in another Loan Party (other than the Parent), (b) a Subsidiary that is not a Loan Party to or in another Subsidiary that is not a Loan Party, (c) a Subsidiary that is not a Loan Party to or in a Loan Party, so long as, in the case of a loan or advance, the parties thereto are party to the Intercompany Subordination Agreement, and (d) a Loan Party to or in a Subsidiary that is not a Loan Party so long as the aggregate amount of all such Investments made by the Loan Parties to or in Subsidiaries that are not Loan Parties does not exceed (x) $1,000,000 per Fiscal Year or (y) $2,500,000 during the term of this Agreement.
Permitted Investments” means:
(a)    Investments in cash and Cash Equivalents;
(b)    Investments in negotiable instruments deposited or to be deposited for collection in the ordinary course of business;
(c)    advances made in connection with purchases of goods or services in the ordinary course of business;
(d)    Investments received in settlement of amounts due to any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries effected in the ordinary course of business or owing to any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries as a result of Insolvency Proceedings involving an Account Debtor or upon the foreclosure or enforcement of any Lien in favor of a Loan Party or its Subsidiaries;
(e)    Investments existing on the date hereof, as set forth on Schedule 7.02(e) but not any increase in the amount thereof as set forth in such Schedule or any other modification of the terms thereof;
(f)    Permitted Intercompany Investments;
(g)    Permitted Acquisitions;
(h)    loans and advances to officers, directors and employees of any Loan Party for reasonable and customary business related travel expenses, entertainment expenses, moving expenses and similar expenses, in each case incurred in the ordinary course of business, in an aggregate principal amount at any time not to exceed $1,000,000 in the aggregate at any time outstanding (calculated without regard to any write-downs or write-offs thereof);
(i)    Investments by way of contributions to capital or purchases of Equity Interests by any Loan Party in any of its Subsidiaries that are Loan Parties;
(j)    the maintenance of deposit accounts in the ordinary course of business, so long as the applicable provisions of Section 8.01 have been complied with in respect of each such deposit account;
(k)    guaranty obligations permitted by clauses (g) and (m) of the definition of Permitted Indebtedness;
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(l)    Investments consisting of interest rate agreements permitted under clause (g) of the definition of Permitted Indebtedness;
(m)    promissory notes and other non-cash consideration received in connection with Permitted Dispositions; and
(n)    so long as no Event of Default has occurred and is continuing or would result therefrom, additional Investments in an aggregate amount outstanding at any time not to exceed the greater of (i) $2,500,000 and (ii) 8.5% of Consolidated EBITDA for the four (4) consecutive fiscal quarters of the Parent and its Subsidiaries most recently ended prior to the date of such determination.
Permitted Liens” means:
(a)    Liens securing the Obligations;
(b)    Liens for Taxes, assessments and governmental charges that are not overdue or for which the payment is not required under Section 7.01(c)(ii);
(c)    Liens imposed by law, such as carriers’, warehousemen’s, mechanics’, materialmen’s and other similar Liens arising in the ordinary course of business and securing obligations (other than Indebtedness for borrowed money) that are not overdue by more than 45 days or are being contested in good faith and by appropriate proceedings promptly initiated and diligently conducted, and a reserve or other appropriate provision, if any, as shall be required by GAAP shall have been made therefor;
(d)    Liens described on Schedule 7.02(a), provided that any such Lien shall only secure the Indebtedness that it secures on the Effective Date and any Permitted Refinancing Indebtedness in respect thereof;
(e)    purchase money Liens on equipment acquired or held by any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries in the ordinary course of its business to secure Permitted Purchase Money Indebtedness so long as such Lien only (i) attaches to such property and (ii) secures the Indebtedness that was incurred to acquire such property or any Permitted Refinancing Indebtedness in respect thereof;
(f)    deposits and pledges of cash securing (i) obligations incurred in respect of workers’ compensation, unemployment insurance or other forms of governmental insurance or benefits, (ii) the performance of bids, tenders, leases, contracts (other than for the payment of money) and statutory obligations, or (iii) obligations on surety or appeal bonds, but only to the extent such deposits or pledges are made or otherwise arise in the ordinary course of business and secure obligations not past due;
(g)    with respect to any Facility, easements, zoning restrictions and similar encumbrances on real property and minor irregularities in the title thereto that do not (i) secure obligations for the payment of money or (ii) materially impair the value of such property or its use by any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries in the normal conduct of such Person’s business;
(h)    Liens of landlords and mortgagees of landlords (i) arising by statute or under any Lease or related Contractual Obligation entered into in the ordinary course of business, (ii) on fixtures and movable tangible property located on the real property leased or subleased from such landlord or (iii) for amounts not yet due or that are being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings diligently conducted and for which adequate reserves or other appropriate provisions are maintained on the books of such Person in accordance with GAAP;
(i)    the title and interest of a lessor or sublessor in and to personal property leased or subleased (other than through a Capitalized Lease), in each case extending only to such personal property;
(j)    non-exclusive licenses of Intellectual Property rights in the ordinary course of business;
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(k)    judgment liens (other than for the payment of taxes, assessments or other governmental charges) securing judgments and other proceedings not constituting an Event of Default under Section 9.01(j);
(l)    rights of set-off or bankers’ liens upon deposits of cash in favor of banks or other depository institutions, solely to the extent incurred in connection with the maintenance of such deposit accounts in the ordinary course of business;
(m)    Liens granted in the ordinary course of business on the unearned portion of insurance premiums securing the financing of insurance premiums to the extent the financing is permitted under the definition of Permitted Indebtedness;
(n)    Liens assumed by the Parent and its Subsidiaries in connection with a Permitted Acquisition that secure Indebtedness permitted by clause (j) of the definition of Permitted Indebtedness;
(o)    Liens solely on any cash earnest money deposits made by any Loan Party in connection with any letter of intent or purchase agreement with respect to a Permitted Acquisition or other Permitted Investment;
(p)    any Lien created in respect of Section 8a of the German Act on Partial Retirement (Altersteilzeitgesetz) or Section 7e of the Fourth Book of the German Social Code (Sozialgesetzbuch IV);
(q)    Liens of sellers of goods to such Person arising in the ordinary course of business under Article II of the UCC or similar provisions of applicable Law, covering only the goods sold or securing only the unpaid purchase price of such goods and related expenses to the extent such Indebtedness is permitted hereunder;
(r)    precautionary Uniform Commercial Code filings (or equivalent filings or registrations in foreign jurisdictions) pursuant to an operating lease entered into in the ordinary course of business;
(s)    Liens or rights of setoff against credit balances of any Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries with credit card issuers, payment processors or other amounts owing by payment card issuers or payment processors in the ordinary course of business;
(t)    Liens (i) in favor of the Loan Parties and (ii) granted by any Subsidiary that is not a Loan Party in favor of any other Subsidiary that is not a Loan Party, in the case of each of clauses (i) and (ii) above, securing intercompany Indebtedness permitted under the definition of Permitted Intercompany Investments;
(u)    Liens on cash and Cash Equivalents securing interest rate agreements permitted under clause (g) of the definition of Permitted Indebtedness;
(v)    pledges and deposits of cash or Cash Equivalents in the ordinary course of business securing any rental deposits in respect of any property leased or licensed by Parent or one of its Subsidiaries, in an aggregate amount not to exceed $1,000,000 at any time outstanding; and
(w)    other Liens which do not secure Indebtedness for borrowed money or letters of credit and as to which the aggregate amount of the obligations secured thereby does not exceed $2,500,000.
Permitted Purchase Money Indebtedness” means, as of any date of determination, Indebtedness (other than the Obligations, but including Capitalized Lease Obligations) incurred to finance the acquisition of any fixed assets secured by a Lien permitted under clause (e) of the definition of “Permitted Liens”; provided that (a) such Indebtedness is incurred within 90 days after such acquisition, (b) such Indebtedness when incurred shall not exceed the purchase price of the asset financed and (c) the
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aggregate principal amount of all such Indebtedness shall not exceed, together with amount of Indebtedness permitted by clause (j) of the definition thereof, $2,000,000 in the aggregate at any time outstanding.
Permitted Refinancing Indebtedness” means the extension of maturity, refinancing or modification of the terms of Indebtedness so long as:
(a)    after giving effect to such extension, refinancing or modification, the amount of such Indebtedness is not greater than the amount of Indebtedness outstanding immediately prior to such extension, refinancing or modification (other than by the amount of premiums paid thereon and the fees and expenses incurred in connection therewith and by the amount of unfunded commitments with respect thereto);
(b)    such extension, refinancing or modification does not result in a shortening of the average weighted maturity (measured as of the extension, refinancing or modification) of the Indebtedness so extended, refinanced or modified;
(c)    such extension, refinancing or modification is pursuant to terms that, taken as a whole, are not less favorable to the Loan Parties and the Lenders than the terms of the Indebtedness (including, without limitation, terms relating to the collateral (if any) and subordination (if any)) being extended, refinanced or modified; and
(d)    the Indebtedness that is extended, refinanced or modified is not recourse to any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries that is liable on account of the obligations other than those Persons which were obligated with respect to the Indebtedness that was refinanced, renewed or extended.
Permitted Restricted Payments” means any of the following Restricted Payments made by:
(a)    any Loan Party to the Parent in amounts necessary to pay Taxes and other customary expenses as and when due and owing by the Parent in the ordinary course of its business as a public holding company (including salaries and related reasonable and customary expenses incurred by employees of the Parent), so long as no Default or Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing or would result from the making of such payment,
(b)    any Subsidiary of any Loan Party to any Loan Party (other than the Parent);
(c)    the Parent to pay dividends in the form of common Equity Interests;
(d)    non-cash Restricted Payments to repurchase Equity Interests of the Parent upon the exercise of warrants, options or other securities convertible into or exchangeable for Equity Interests of the Parent solely to the extent such Equity Interests represents all or a portion of the exercise price of such warrants, options or other securities convertible into or exchangeable for Equity Interests all as part of a “cashless” exercise;
(e)    cash payments in lieu of the issuance of fractional shares in connection with the exercise of warrants, options or other securities convertible into or exchangeable for Equity Interests of the Parent;
(f)    payments in respect of any Permitted Indebtedness that has been incurred in accordance with Clauses (k)(i) or (ii) of the definition thereof; provided, that: (i) immediately before and after each such payment, no Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing, (ii) Parent and its Subsidiaries are in compliance on a Pro Forma Basis with Financial Covenants in Section 7.03 hereof as of the last day of the most recently ended fiscal quarter for which financial statements have been delivered to the Administrative Agent, (iii) each such payment is permitted by any subordination terms applicable to such Indebtedness, and (iv) the aggregate amount paid pursuant to this clause (f) shall not exceed $2,000,000 during any Fiscal Year of Parent;
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(g)    Restricted Payments to Parent for the repurchase of Equity Interests from directors, officers and employees upon the death, disability or termination of employment of such Persons, in an aggregate amount not to exceed $1,000,000 during the term of this Agreement; provided that after giving effect to such repurchase, no Default or Event of Default has occurred and is continuing; and
(h)    the Deferred Merger Payment, provided that (i) immediately before and after each such payment, no Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing, (ii) the Deferred Merger Payment Conditions are satisfied, and (iii) any such payment is permitted by the Deferred Merger Payment Subordination Agreement.
Permitted Specified Liens” means Permitted Liens described in clauses (a), (b) and (c) of the definition of Permitted Liens, and, solely in the case of Section 7.01(b)(i), including clauses (g), (h) and (i) of the definition of Permitted Liens.
Person” means an individual, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, association, joint-stock company, trust, unincorporated organization, joint venture or other enterprise or entity or Governmental Authority.
Petty Cash Accounts” means Cash Management Accounts with deposits at any time in an aggregate amount not in excess of $500,000 in the aggregate for all such accounts.
Post-Default Rate” means a rate of interest per annum equal to the rate of interest otherwise in effect from time to time pursuant to the terms of this Agreement plus 2.00%, or, if a rate of interest is not otherwise in effect, interest at the highest rate specified herein for any Loan then outstanding prior to an Event of Default plus 2.00%.
Pro Rata Share” means, with respect to:
(a)    a Lender’s obligation to make the Term Loan and the right to receive payments of interest, fees, and principal with respect thereto, the percentage obtained by dividing (i) such Lender’s Term Loan Commitment, by (ii) the Total Term Loan Commitment, provided that if the Total Term Loan Commitment has been reduced to zero, the numerator shall be the aggregate unpaid principal amount of such Lender’s portion of the Term Loan and the denominator shall be the aggregate unpaid principal amount of the Term Loan, and
(b)    all other matters (including, without limitation, the indemnification obligations arising under Section 10.05), the percentage obtained by dividing (i) the sum of such Lender’s unpaid principal amount of such Lender’s portion of the Term Loan, by (ii) the sum of the aggregate unpaid principal amount of the Term Loan.
Process Agent” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 12.10(c).
Pro Forma Transaction” means (a) a Disposition of all or substantially all of the Equity Interests of any Subsidiary of any Loan Party or any business line, unit or division of any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries, (b) a Permitted Acquisition or other material permitted Investment or (c) any action taken which results in cost savings, operating expense reductions, operating improvements and/or synergies, in each case, in accordance with the requirements of clause (ix) of the definition of “Consolidated EBITDA”.
Projections” means financial projections of the Parent and its Subsidiaries delivered pursuant to Section 6.01(g)(ii), as updated from time to time pursuant to Section 7.01(a)(vi).
Purchase Price” means, with respect to any Acquisition, an amount equal to the sum of (a) the aggregate consideration, whether cash, property or securities (including, without limitation, the fair market value of any Equity Interests of any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries issued in connection with such Acquisition), paid or delivered by a Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries (whether as initial
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consideration or through the payment or disposition of deferred consideration, including, without limitation, in the form of seller financing, royalty payments, payments allocated towards non-compete covenants, payments to principals for consulting services or other similar payments) in connection with such Acquisition, plus (b) the aggregate amount of liabilities of the acquired business (net of current assets of the acquired business) that would be reflected on a balance sheet (if such were to be prepared) of the Parent and its Subsidiaries after giving effect to such Acquisition.
PSC Register” means “PSC Register” within the meaning of section 790C(10) of the Companies Act 2006.
Qualified Cash” means, as of any date of determination, (a) for the first 60 days after the Effective Date (or such later period that may be extended in the Collateral Agent’s sole discretion), the aggregate amount of unrestricted cash on-hand of the Loan Parties maintained in deposit accounts (other than Excluded Accounts) in the name of a Loan Party and Cash Equivalents of a Loan Party and (b) thereafter, the aggregate amount of unrestricted cash on-hand of the Loan Parties and Cash Equivalents of the Loan Parties maintained in deposit accounts (other than Excluded Accounts) in the name of a Loan Party in (i) the United States as of such date, which deposit accounts are subject to Control Agreements and (ii) any other jurisdiction as of such date, which deposit accounts are subject to the Lien of the Collateral Agent and documentation required under any applicable Foreign Security Document to perfect the Collateral Agent’s Lien, for accounts located outside the United States.
Qualified Equity Interests” means, with respect to any Person, all Equity Interests of such Person that are not Disqualified Equity Interests.
Real Property Deliverables” means each of the following agreements, instruments and other documents in respect of each Facility, each in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Collateral Agent:
(a)    a Mortgage duly executed by the applicable Loan Party;
(b)    evidence of the recording of each Mortgage in such office or offices as may be necessary or, in the reasonable opinion of the Collateral Agent, desirable to perfect the Lien purported to be created thereby or to otherwise protect the rights of the Collateral Agent and the Lenders thereunder;
(c)    a Title Insurance Policy or bring-down of the existing Title Insurance Policy with respect to each Mortgage;
(d)    a current ALTA survey and a surveyor’s certificate, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Collateral Agent, certified to the Collateral Agent and to the issuer of the Title Insurance Policy with respect thereto by a professional surveyor licensed in the state in which such Facility is located and reasonably satisfactory to the Collateral Agent;
(e)    [reserved];
(f)    a zoning report issued by a provider reasonably satisfactory to the Collateral Agent or a copy of each letter issued by the applicable Governmental Authority, evidencing each Facility’s compliance with all applicable Requirements of Law, together with a copy of all certificates of occupancy issued with respect to each Facility;
(g)    an opinion of counsel, reasonably satisfactory to the Collateral Agent, in the state where such Facility is located with respect to the enforceability of the Mortgage to be recorded and such other matters as the Collateral Agent may reasonably request;
(h)    a Phase I Environmental Site Assessment prepared in accordance with the United States Environmental Protection Agency Standards and Practices for “All Appropriate Inquiries” under Section 101(3)(B) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act as referenced in 40 CFR Part 312 and ASTM E-1527-13 “Standard Practice for Environmental
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Assessments” (“Phase I ESA” (and if reasonably requested by the Collateral Agent based upon the results of such Phase I ESA, a Phase II Environmental Site Assessment), by a nationally-recognized environmental consulting firm, reasonably satisfactory to the Collateral Agent; and
(i)    such other agreements, instruments, appraisals and other documents (including guarantees and opinions of counsel) as the Collateral Agent may reasonably require.
Recipient” means any Agent and any Lender, as applicable.
Reference Rate” means, for any period, the greatest of (a) 2.00% per annum, (b) the Federal Funds Rate plus 0.50% per annum, (c) the LIBOR Rate (which rate shall be calculated based upon an Interest Period of one month and shall be determined on a daily basis) plus 1.00% per annum, and (d) the rate last quoted by The Wall Street Journal as the “Prime Rate” in the United States or, if The Wall Street Journal ceases to quote such rate, the highest per annum interest rate published by the Federal Reserve Board in Federal Reserve Statistical Release H.15 (519) (Selected Interest Rates) as the “bank prime loan” rate or, if such rate is no longer quoted therein, any similar rate quoted therein (as determined by the Administrative Agent) or any similar release by the Federal Reserve Board (as determined by the Administrative Agent). Each change in the Reference Rate shall be effective from and including the date such change is publicly announced as being effective.
Reference Rate Loan” means each portion of a Loan that bears interest at a rate determined by reference to the Reference Rate.
Reference Time” with respect to any setting of the then-current Benchmark means (1) if such Benchmark is the LIBOR Rate, 11:00 a.m. (London time) on the day that is two London banking days preceding the date of such setting, and (2) if such Benchmark is not the LIBOR Rate, the time determined by the Administrative Agent in its reasonable discretion.
Refusal Option” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 2.05(g).
Register” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 12.07(f).
Registered Intellectual Property” means Intellectual Property that is issued, registered, renewed or the subject of a pending application.
Registered Loans” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 12.07(f).
Regulation T”, “Regulation U” and “Regulation X” mean, respectively, Regulations T, U and X of the Board or any successor, as the same may be amended or supplemented from time to time.
Related Fund” means, with respect to any Person, an Affiliate of such Person, or a fund or account managed by such Person or an Affiliate of such Person.
Related Parties” means, with respect to any Person, such Person’s Affiliates and the direct and indirect equityholders, partners, directors, officers, employees, agents, consultants, trustees, administrators, managers, advisors and representatives of such Person and of such Person’s Affiliates.
Related Party Assignment” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 12.07(c)(ii).
Related Party Register” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 12.07(f).
Release” means any spilling, leaking, pumping, pouring, emitting, emptying, discharging, injecting, escaping, leaching, seeping, migrating, dumping or disposing of any Hazardous Material (including the abandonment or discarding of barrels, containers and other closed receptacles containing any Hazardous Material) into the indoor or outdoor environment, including, without limitation,
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the movement of Hazardous Materials through or in any environmental media, including the indoor or outdoor air, soil, surface or ground water, sediments or property.
Relevant Governmental Body” means the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System or the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, or a committee officially endorsed or convened by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System or the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, or any successor thereto.
Relevant Party” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 2.09(g)(ii).
Remedial Action” means any action (a) to correct, mitigate, or address any actual, alleged or threatened violation of or non-compliance with any Environmental Law or Environmental Permit, or (b) to clean up, remove, remediate, mitigate, abate, contain, treat, monitor, assess, evaluate, investigate, prevent, minimize or in any other way address any environmental condition or the actual, alleged or threatened presence, Release or threatened Release of any Hazardous Materials (including the performance of pre-remedial studies and investigations and post-remedial operation and maintenance activities).
Replacement Lender” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 12.02(c).
Reportable Event” means an event described in Section 4043 of ERISA (other than an event for which the 30-day notice period is waived by regulation).
Required Lenders” means Lenders whose Pro Rata Shares (calculated in accordance with clause (b) of the definition thereof) aggregate at least 50.1%.
Required Prepayment Date” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 2.05(g).
Requirements of Law” means, with respect to any Person, collectively, the common law and any and all federal, state, provincial, local, foreign, multinational or international laws, statutes, codes, treaties, standards, rules and regulations, guidelines, ordinances, orders, judgments, writs, injunctions, decrees (including administrative or judicial precedents or authorities), and the interpretation or administration thereof by, and other determinations, directives, requirements or requests of any Governmental Authority, in each case that are applicable to or binding upon such Person or any of its property or to which such Person or any of its property is subject.
Reserve Percentage” means, on any day, for any Lender, the maximum percentage prescribed by the Board (or any successor Governmental Authority) for determining the reserve requirements (including any basic, supplemental, marginal, or emergency reserves) that are in effect on such date with respect to eurocurrency funding (currently referred to as “eurocurrency liabilities”) of that Lender, but so long as such Lender is not required or directed under applicable regulations to maintain such reserves, the Reserve Percentage shall be zero.
Restricted Payment” means (a) the declaration or payment of any dividend or other distribution, direct or indirect, on account of any Equity Interests of any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries, now or hereafter outstanding, together with any payment or distribution pursuant to a “plan of division” under the Delaware Limited Liability Company Act or any comparable transaction under any similar law, (b) the making of any repurchase, redemption, retirement, defeasance, sinking fund or similar payment, purchase or other acquisition for value, direct or indirect, of any Equity Interests of any Loan Party or any direct or indirect parent of any Loan Party, now or hereafter outstanding, (c) the making of any payment to retire, or to obtain the surrender of, any outstanding warrants, options or other rights for the purchase or acquisition of shares of any class of Equity Interests of any Loan Party, now or hereafter outstanding, (d) the return of any Equity Interests to any shareholders or other equity holders of any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries, or the making of any other distribution of property, assets, shares of Equity Interests, warrants, rights, options, obligations or securities thereto as such, (e) the payment of any
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management, consulting, monitoring or advisory fees or any other fees or expenses (including the reimbursement thereof by any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries) pursuant to any management, consulting, monitoring, advisory or other services agreement to any of the shareholders or other equityholders of any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries or other Affiliates, or to any other Subsidiaries or Affiliates of any Loan Party or (f) the payment or prepayment of principal, or premium or interest on, any Indebtedness subordinate to the Obligations (including the Deferred Merger Payment).
Sale and Leaseback Transaction” means, with respect to the Parent or any of its Subsidiaries, any arrangement, directly or indirectly, with any other Person whereby the Parent or any of its Subsidiaries shall sell or transfer to any other Person any property used or useful in its business, whether now owned or hereafter acquired, and thereafter rent or lease such property or other property that it intends to use for substantially the same purpose or purposes as the property being sold or transferred.
Sanctioned Country” means, at any time, a country or territory that is the subject or target of any Sanctions that broadly prohibit dealings with that country or territory (which, as of the Effective Date, include Crimea, Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Sudan and Syria).
Sanctioned Person” means, at any time, (a) any Person listed in OFAC’s Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons List, OFAC’s Sectoral Sanctions Identification List, and any other Sanctions-related list of designated Persons maintained by OFAC, the U.S. Department of State, the United Nations Security Council, the European Union, the United Kingdom or Her Majesty’s Treasury of the United Kingdom, Germany, Canada, Australia or other relevant sanctions authority, (b) a Person that resides in, is organized in or located in, or has a place of business in, a country or territory named on any list referred to in clause (a) of this definition or a country or territory that is designated as a “Non-Cooperative Jurisdiction” by the Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering, or whose subscription funds are transferred from or through any such jurisdiction (each of the foregoing in this clause (b), a “Sanction Target”), or a Person that owns 50% or more of the Equity Interests of, or is otherwise controlled by, or is acting on behalf of, one or more Sanction Targets, (c) any Person with whom or with which a U.S. Person is prohibited from dealing under any of the Sanctions or (d) any Person owned or controlled by any Person or Persons described in clause (a) or (b).
Sanctions” means Requirements of Law concerning or relating to economic or financial sanctions or trade embargoes imposed, administered or enforced from time to time by OFAC, the U.S. Department of State, the European Union or Her Majesty’s Treasury of the United Kingdom or other relevant sanctions authority.
SEC” means the Securities and Exchange Commission or any other similar or successor agency of the Federal government administering the Securities Act.
Second Recipient” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 2.09(g)(ii).
Secured Party” means any Agent and any Lender.
Securities Act” means the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or any similar federal statute, and the rules and regulations of the SEC thereunder, all as the same shall be in effect from time to time.
Securitization” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 12.07(l).
Security Agreement” means a Pledge and Security Agreement, in form and substance satisfactory to the Collateral Agent, made by a Loan Party in favor of the Collateral Agent for the benefit of the Secured Parties securing the Obligations, as amended, amended and restated, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time.
Security Breaches” has the meaning given to such term in Section 6.01(ii).
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Seller” means any Person that sells Equity Interests or other property or assets to a Loan Party or a Subsidiary of a Loan Party in a Permitted Acquisition.
Settlement Period” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 2.02(d)(i).
SOFR” means, with respect to any Business Day, a rate per annum equal to the secured overnight financing rate for such Business Day published by the SOFR Administrator on the SOFR Administrator’s Website on the immediately succeeding Business Day.
SOFR Administrator” means the Federal Reserve Bank of New York (or a successor administrator of the secured overnight financing rate).
SOFR Administrator’s Website” means the website of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, currently at http://www.newyorkfed.org, or any successor source for the secured overnight financing rate identified as such by the SOFR Administrator from time to time.
Solvent” means, with respect to any Person on a particular date, that on such date (a) the fair value of the property and assets of such Person and its Subsidiaries, on a consolidated basis and a going concern basis, is not less than the total amount of the liabilities of such Person and its Subsidiaries on a consolidated basis, (b) the present fair salable value of the assets of such Person and its Subsidiaries, on a consolidated basis and a going concern basis is not less than the amount that will be required to pay the probable liability of such Person and its Subsidiaries, on a consolidated basis, on its existing debts as they become absolute and matured, (c) such Person and its Subsidiaries, on a consolidated basis, are able to pay their debts and other liabilities as they mature, (d) such Person and its Subsidiaries, do not intend to, and do not believe that they will incur debts or liabilities beyond their ability to pay as such debts and liabilities mature, and (e) the capital of such Person and its Subsidiaries, on a consolidated basis, is not unreasonably small in relation to their business (taken as a whole) as contemplated on the date hereof and as proposed to be conducted following the Effective Date.
Spark Networks” has the meaning specified therefor in the preamble.
Spark UK” means Spark Networks Limited (a limited liability company incorporated in England and Wales with registered number 03628907).
Standard & Poor’s” means Standard & Poor’s Ratings Services, a division of The McGraw Hill Companies, Inc. and any successor thereto.
Subordinated Indebtedness” means Indebtedness of any Loan Party the terms of which (including, without limitation, payment terms, interest rates, covenants, remedies, defaults and other material terms) are reasonably satisfactory to the Collateral Agent and which has been expressly subordinated in right of payment to all Indebtedness of such Loan Party under the Loan Documents (a) by the execution and delivery of a subordination agreement, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Collateral Agent or (b) otherwise on terms and conditions reasonably satisfactory to the Collateral Agent.
Subsidiary” means, with respect to any Person at any date, any corporation, limited or general partnership, limited liability company, trust, estate, association, joint venture or other business entity (a) the accounts of which would be consolidated with those of such Person in such Person’s consolidated financial statements if such financial statements were prepared in accordance with GAAP or (b) of which more than 50% of (i) the outstanding Equity Interests having (in the absence of contingencies) ordinary voting power to elect a majority of the Board of Directors (or equivalent body) of such Person, (ii) in the case of a partnership or limited liability company, the interest in the capital or profits of such partnership or limited liability company, or (iii) in the case of a trust, estate, association, joint venture or other entity, the beneficial interest in such trust, estate, association, joint venture or other entity is, at the time of determination, owned or controlled directly or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, by such Person. References to a Subsidiary shall mean a Subsidiary of the Parent unless the context expressly provides otherwise.
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Taxes” means all present or future taxes, levies, imposts, duties, deductions, withholdings (including backup withholding), assessments, fees or other charges imposed by any Governmental Authority, including any interest, additions to tax or penalties applicable thereto.
Termination Date” means the first date on which all of the Obligations are paid in full in cash and the Commitments of the Lenders are terminated.
Term Loan” means, collectively, the loans made by the Term Loan Lenders to the Borrowers on the Effective Date pursuant to Section 2.01(a).
Term Loan Commitment” means, with respect to each Lender, the commitment of such Lender to make the Term Loan to the Borrowers in the amount set forth in Schedule 1.01(A) hereto or in the Assignment and Acceptance pursuant to which such Lender became a Lender under this Agreement, as the same may be terminated or reduced from time to time in accordance with the terms of this Agreement.
Term Loan Lender” means a Lender with a Term Loan Commitment or a Term Loan.
Term SOFR” means, for the applicable Corresponding Tenor as of the applicable Reference Time, the forward-looking term rate based on SOFR that has been selected or recommended by the Relevant Governmental Body.
Title Insurance Policy” means a mortgagee’s loan policy, in form and substance satisfactory to the Collateral Agent, together with all endorsements made from time to time thereto, issued to the Collateral Agent by or on behalf of a title insurance company selected by or otherwise satisfactory to the Collateral Agent, insuring the Lien created by a Mortgage in an amount and on terms and with such endorsements satisfactory to the Collateral Agent, delivered to the Collateral Agent.
Total Term Loan Commitment” means the sum of the amounts of the Lenders’ Term Loan Commitments.
Trademark Security Agreement” means the Trademark Security Agreement, dated as of the date hereof, made by the applicable Loan Parties in favor of the Collateral Agent, in form and substance satisfactory to the Collateral Agent.
Transactions” means (i) the execution, delivery and performance by each Loan Party of this Agreement and the other Loan Documents to which it is a party and (ii) the payoff on the Effective Date of the Existing Credit Facility.
UCC Filing Authorization Letter” means a letter duly executed by each Loan Party authorizing the Collateral Agent to file appropriate financing statements on Form UCC-1 without the signature of such Loan Party in such office or offices as may be necessary or, in the opinion of the Collateral Agent, desirable to perfect the security interests purported to be created by each Security Agreement and each Mortgage.
Unadjusted Benchmark Replacement” means the applicable Benchmark Replacement excluding the related Benchmark Replacement Adjustment.
Uniform Commercial Code” or “UCC” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 1.04(b).
USA PATRIOT Act” means the Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (PATRIOT) Act of 2001 (Title III of Pub. L. 107-56, Oct. 26, 2001)) as amended by the USA Patriot Improvement and Reauthorization Act of 2005 (Pub. L. 109-177, March 9, 2006) and as the same may have been or may be further renewed, extended, amended, or replaced.
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VAT” means:
(a)    any tax imposed in compliance with the Council Directive of 28 November 2006 on the common system of value added tax (EC Directive 2006/112); and
(b)    any other tax of a similar nature, whether imposed in a member state of the European Union in substitution for, or levied in addition to, such tax referred to in paragraph (a) above, or imposed elsewhere.
U.S. Person” means any Person that is a “United States Person” as defined in Section 7701(a)(30) of the Internal Revenue Code.
VCOC Management Rights Agreement” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 5.01(d)(xi).
Waivable Mandatory Prepayment” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 2.05(g).
WARN” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 6.01(p).
Withholding Agent” means any Loan Party and the Administrative Agent.
Working Capital” means, at any date of determination thereof, (a) the sum, for any Person and its Subsidiaries, of (i) the unpaid face amount of all Accounts of such Person and its Subsidiaries as at such date of determination, plus (ii) the aggregate amount of prepaid expenses and other current assets of such Person and its Subsidiaries as at such date of determination (other than cash, Cash Equivalents and any Indebtedness owing to such Person or any of its Subsidiaries by Affiliates of such Person), minus (b) the sum, for such Person and its Subsidiaries, of (i) the unpaid amount of all accounts payable of such Person and its Subsidiaries as at such date of determination, plus (ii) the aggregate amount of all accrued expenses of such Person and its Subsidiaries as at such date of determination (other than the current portion of long-term debt and all accrued interest and taxes).
Write-Down and Conversion Powers” means, (a) with respect to any EEA Resolution Authority, the write-down and conversion powers of such EEA Resolution Authority from time to time under the Bail-In Legislation for the applicable EEA Member Country, which write-down and conversion powers are described in the EU Bail-In Legislation Schedule and (b) with respect to the United Kingdom, any powers of the applicable Resolution Authority under the Bail-In Legislation to cancel, transfer or dilute shares issued by a UK Financial Institution, to cancel, reduce, modify or change the form of a liability of any UK Financial Institution or any contract or instrument under which that liability arises, to convert all or part of that liability into shares, securities or obligations of that Person or any other Person, to provide that any such contract or instrument is to have effect as if a right had been exercised under it or to suspend any obligation in respect of that liability or any of the powers under that Bail-In Legislation that are related to or ancillary to any of those powers.
Zoosk” has the meaning specified therefor in the preamble.
Zoosk Acquisition Agreement” means that certain Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of March 21, 2019, together with the schedules and exhibits thereto, by and among the Parent, Chemistry, Inc., Zoosk and Fortis Advisors LLC.
Section 1.02Terms Generally. The definitions of terms herein shall apply equally to the singular and plural forms of the terms defined. Whenever the context may require, any pronoun shall include the corresponding masculine, feminine and neuter forms. The words “include”, “includes” and “including” shall be deemed to be followed by the phrase “without limitation”. The word “will” shall be construed to have the same meaning and effect as the word “shall”. Unless the context requires otherwise, (a) any definition of or reference to any agreement, instrument or other document herein shall be construed as referring to such agreement, instrument or other document as from time to time amended,
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restated, amended and restated, supplemented or otherwise modified (subject to any restrictions on such amendments, restatements, amendments and restatements, supplements or modifications set forth herein), (b) any reference herein to any Person shall be construed to include such Person’s successors and assigns, (c) the words “herein”, “hereof” and “hereunder”, and words of similar import, shall be construed to refer to this Agreement in its entirety and not to any particular provision hereof, (d) all references herein to Articles, Sections, Exhibits and Schedules shall be construed to refer to Articles and Sections of, and Exhibits and Schedules to, this Agreement and (e) the words “asset” and “property” shall be construed to have the same meaning and effect and to refer to any right or interest in or to assets and properties of any kind whatsoever, whether real, personal or mixed and whether tangible or intangible.
Section 1.03Certain Matters of Construction. References in this Agreement to “determination” by any Agent include good faith estimates by such Agent (in the case of quantitative determinations) and good faith beliefs by such Agent (in the case of qualitative determinations). A Default or Event of Default shall be deemed to exist at all times during the period commencing on the date that such Default or Event of Default occurs to the date on which such Default or Event of Default is waived in writing pursuant to this Agreement or, in the case of a Default, is cured within any period of cure expressly provided for in this Agreement; and an Event of Default shall “continue” or be “continuing” until such Event of Default has been waived in writing by the Required Lenders. Any Lien referred to in this Agreement or any other Loan Document as having been created in favor of any Agent, any agreement entered into by any Agent pursuant to this Agreement or any other Loan Document, any payment made by or to or funds received by any Agent pursuant to or as contemplated by this Agreement or any other Loan Document, or any act taken or omitted to be taken by any Agent, shall, unless otherwise expressly provided, be created, entered into, made or received, or taken or omitted, for the benefit or account of the Agents and the Lenders. Wherever the phrase “to the knowledge of any Loan Party” or words of similar import relating to the knowledge or the awareness of any Loan Party are used in this Agreement or any other Loan Document, such phrase shall mean and refer to (i) the actual knowledge of a senior officer of any Loan Party or (ii) the knowledge that a senior officer would have obtained if such officer had engaged in good faith and diligent performance of such officer’s duties. All covenants hereunder shall be given independent effect so that if a particular action or condition is not permitted by any of such covenants, the fact that it would be permitted by an exception to, or otherwise within the limitations of, another covenant shall not avoid the occurrence of a default if such action is taken or condition exists. In addition, all representations and warranties hereunder shall be given independent effect so that if a particular representation or warranty proves to be incorrect or is breached, the fact that another representation or warranty concerning the same or similar subject matter is correct or is not breached will not affect the incorrectness of a breach of a representation or warranty hereunder.
Section 1.04Accounting and Other Terms; Currency Translation.
(a)Unless otherwise expressly provided herein, each accounting term used herein shall have the meaning given it under GAAP. For purposes of determining compliance with any incurrence or expenditure tests set forth in Section 7.01, Section 7.02 and Section 7.03, any amounts so incurred or expended (to the extent incurred or expended in a currency other than Dollars) shall be converted into Dollars on the basis of the exchange rates (as shown on the Bloomberg currency page for such currency or, if the same does not provide such exchange rate, by reference to such other publicly available service for displaying exchange rates as may be reasonably selected by the Agents or, in the event no such service is selected, on such other basis as is reasonably satisfactory to the Agents) as in effect on the date of such incurrence or expenditure under any provision of any such Section that has an aggregate Dollar limitation provided for therein (and to the extent the respective incurrence or expenditure test regulates the aggregate amount outstanding at any time and it is expressed in terms of Dollars, all outstanding amounts originally incurred or spent in currencies other than Dollars shall be converted into Dollars on the basis of the exchange rates (as shown on the Bloomberg currency page for such currency or, if the same does not provide such exchange rate, by reference to such other publicly available service for displaying exchange rates as may be reasonably selected by the Agents or, in the event no such service is selected, on such other basis as is reasonably satisfactory to the Agents) as in effect on the date of any new incurrence or expenditures made under any provision of any such Section that regulates the Dollar amount outstanding at any time). Notwithstanding the foregoing (i) with respect to the accounting for leases as either operating leases or capital leases and the impact of such accounting in accordance with FASB ASC 842 on the definitions and covenants herein, GAAP as in effect on
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December 15, 2018 shall be applied and (ii) for purposes of determining compliance with any covenant (including the computation of any financial covenant) contained herein, Indebtedness of the Parent and its Subsidiaries shall be deemed to be carried at 100% of the outstanding principal amount thereof, and the effects of FASB ASC 825 and FASB ASC 470-20 on financial liabilities shall be disregarded.
(b)All terms used in this Agreement which are defined in Article 8 or Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code as in effect from time to time in the State of New York (the “Uniform Commercial Code” or the “UCC”) and which are not otherwise defined herein shall have the same meanings herein as set forth therein; provided that terms used herein which are defined in the Uniform Commercial Code as in effect in the State of New York on the date hereof shall continue to have the same meaning notwithstanding any replacement or amendment of such statute, except as any Agent may otherwise determine in good faith.
(c)For purposes of any determination (other than under Section 7.03) all amounts incurred, outstanding or proposed to be incurred or outstanding in currencies other than Dollars shall be translated into Dollars at the Exchange Rate (rounded to the nearest currency unit, with 0.5 or more of a currency unit being rounded upward). For purposes of Section 7.03, amounts in currencies other than Dollars shall be translated into Dollars at the currency exchange rates used in preparing the most recently delivered financial statements pursuant to Section 7.01(a)(i), (a)(ii) or (a)(iii) (as applicable).
Section 1.05Time References. Unless otherwise indicated herein, all references to time of day refer to Eastern Standard Time or Eastern Daylight Saving Time, as in effect in New York City on such day. For purposes of the computation of a period of time from a specified date to a later specified date, the word “from” means “from and including” and the words “to” and “until” each means “to but excluding”; provided, however, that with respect to a computation of fees or interest payable to any Secured Party, such period shall in any event consist of at least one full day.
Section 1.06Obligation to Make Payments in Dollars. All payments to be made by any Loan Party of principal, interest, fees and other Obligations under any Loan Document shall be made in Dollars in same day funds, and no obligation of any Loan Party to make any such payment shall be discharged or satisfied by any payment other than payments made in Dollars in same day funds.
Section 1.07Pro Forma Basis. Pro Forma Basis means with respect to any determination of any test or covenant or calculation of any ratio hereunder, Consolidated EBITDA (including, in each case, component definitions thereof) that all Pro Forma Transactions (and the following transactions in connection therewith, to the extent set forth herein) shall be deemed to have occurred as of the first day of the applicable period with respect to any test or covenant for which such calculation is being made, such that:
(a)income statement items (whether positive or negative) attributable to the property or Person subject to such Pro Forma Transaction, (i) in the case of a Disposition of all or substantially all of the Equity Interests of any Subsidiary of any Loan Party or any business line, unit or division of any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries, shall be excluded, and (ii) in the case of a Permitted Acquisition or Investment shall be included, and
(b)any Indebtedness incurred or repaid (other than normal fluctuations in revolving Indebtedness) by any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries in connection with a Pro Forma Transaction shall be given effect; provided that, (x) if such Indebtedness has a floating or formula rate, such Indebtedness shall have an implied rate of interest for the applicable period for purposes of this definition determined by utilizing the rate that is or would be in effect with respect to such Indebtedness
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at the relevant date of determination (taking into account any interest hedging arrangements applicable to such Indebtedness), (y) interest on any obligations with respect to Capitalized Leases shall be deemed to accrue at an interest rate reasonably determined by an Authorized Officer of Administrative Borrower to be the rate of interest implicit in such obligation in accordance with GAAP and (z) interest on any Indebtedness that may optionally be determined at an interest rate based upon a factor of a prime or similar rate, any other interbank offered rate or other rate shall be determined to have been based upon the rate actually chosen,
provided that, the foregoing pro forma adjustments described in clause (a) above may be applied to any such test or covenant solely to the extent that such adjustments are consistent with the definition of “Consolidated EBITDA” (including the caps set forth therein) and give effect only to events (including cost savings, operating expense reductions, operating improvements and synergies) that are reasonably identifiable, factually supportable and reasonably attributable to the specified actions that have been taken.
Section 1.08German Terms. In this Agreement, where it relates to a German entity or other applicable term, a reference to:
(a)a compulsory manager, receiver, administrator includes an Insolvenzverwalter, a Vorläufiger Insolvenzverwalter, a Zwangsverwalter or a custodian or creditor’s trustee (Sachverwalter);
(b)director includes any statutory legal representative(s) (organschaftlicher Vertreter) of a person pursuant to the laws of its jurisdiction of incorporation, including but not limited to, in relation to a person incorporated or established in Germany, a managing director (Geschäftsführer) or member of the board of directors (Vorstand);
(c)filing for insolvency or to file for insolvency includes the meaning Antrag auf Eröffnung des Insolvenzverfahrens;
(d)a person being unable to pay its debts includes that person being in a state of Zahlungsunfähigkeit within the meaning of section 17 of the German Insolvency Code (Insolvenzordnung) or being overindebted (Überschuldung) within the meaning of section 19 of the German Insolvency Code (Insolvenzordnung); and
(e)a winding up, administration or dissolution (and each of those terms) includes insolvency proceedings (Insolvenzverfahren).
Article II

THE LOANS
Section 1.01Commitments.
(a)Subject to the terms and conditions and relying upon the representations and warranties herein set forth, each Term Loan Lender severally agrees to make the Term Loan to the Borrowers on the Effective Date, in an aggregate principal amount not to exceed the amount of such Lender’s Term Loan Commitment.
(b)Notwithstanding the foregoing, the aggregate principal amount of the Term Loan made on the Effective Date shall not exceed the Total Term Loan Commitment. Any principal amount of the Term Loan which is repaid or prepaid may not be reborrowed.
Section 1.02Making the Loans.
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(a)The Administrative Borrower shall give the Administrative Agent prior written notice, in substantially the form of Exhibit C (a “Notice of Borrowing”), not later than 12:00 noon (New York City time) on the date which is three Business Days prior to the date of the proposed Loan (or such shorter period as the Administrative Agent is willing to accommodate from time to time, but in no event later than 12:00 noon (New York City time) on the borrowing date of the proposed Loan). Such Notice of Borrowing shall be irrevocable and shall specify (i) the principal amount of the proposed Loan, (ii) whether the Loan is requested to be a Reference Rate Loan or a LIBOR Rate Loan and, in the case of a LIBOR Rate Loan, the initial Interest Period with respect thereto, (iii) the wire instructions for the proceeds of such proposed Loan, and (iv) the proposed borrowing date, which must be a Business Day, and must be the Effective Date. If no election as to the type of Loan is specified, then the requested Loan shall be a Reference Rate Loan. The Administrative Agent and the Lenders may act without liability upon the basis of written or telecopied notice believed by the Administrative Agent in good faith to be from the Administrative Borrower (or from any Authorized Officer thereof designated in writing purportedly from the Administrative Borrower to the Administrative Agent). The Administrative Agent and each Lender shall be entitled to rely conclusively on any Authorized Officer’s authority to request a Loan on behalf of the Borrowers until the Administrative Agent receives written notice to the contrary. The Administrative Agent and the Lenders shall have no duty to verify the authenticity of the signature appearing on any written Notice of Borrowing.
(b)Each Notice of Borrowing pursuant to this Section 2.02 shall be irrevocable and the Borrowers shall be bound to make a borrowing in accordance therewith.
(c)Except as otherwise provided in this Section 2.02(c), all Loans under this Agreement shall be made by the Lenders simultaneously and proportionately to their Pro Rata Shares of the Total Term Loan Commitment, it being understood that no Lender shall be responsible for any default by any other Lender in that other Lender’s obligations to make a Loan requested hereunder, nor shall the Commitment of any Lender be increased or decreased as a result of the default by any other Lender in that other Lender’s obligation to make a Loan requested hereunder, and each Lender shall be obligated to make the Loans required to be made by it by the terms of this Agreement regardless of the failure by any other Lender.
Section 1.03Repayment of Loans; Evidence of Debt.
(a)The outstanding principal amount of the Term Loan shall be repayable in consecutive quarterly installments in an amount equal to (x) $1,250,000 on the last day of March, June, September and December commencing on June 30, 2023 through and including March 31, 2025 and (y) $2,500,000 on the last day of March, June, September and December commencing on June 30, 2025 and thereafter; provided, however, that (i) if any such date is not a Business Day then the installment due on such date shall instead be paid on the immediately preceding Business Day, and (ii) the last such installment shall be in the amount necessary to repay in full the unpaid principal amount of the Term Loan. The outstanding unpaid principal amount of the Term Loan, and all accrued and unpaid interest thereon, shall be due and payable on the earlier of (A) the Final Maturity Date and (B) the date on which the Term Loan is declared due and payable pursuant to the terms of this Agreement.
(b)Each Lender shall maintain in accordance with its usual practice an account or accounts evidencing the Indebtedness of the Borrowers to such Lender resulting from each Loan made by such Lender, including the amounts of principal and interest payable and paid to such Lender from time to time hereunder.
(c)The Administrative Agent shall maintain accounts in which it shall record (i) the amount of each Loan made hereunder, (ii) the amount of any principal or interest due and payable or to become due and payable from the Borrowers to each Lender hereunder and (iii) the amount of any sum received by the Administrative Agent hereunder for the account of the Lenders and each Lender’s share thereof.
(d)The entries made in the accounts maintained pursuant to Section 2.03(b) or Section 2.03(c) shall be prima facie evidence of the existence and amounts of the obligations recorded therein; provided that (i) the failure of any Lender or the Administrative Agent to maintain such accounts
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or any error therein shall not in any manner affect the obligation of the Borrowers to repay the Loans in accordance with the terms of this Agreement and (ii) in the event of any conflict between the entries made in the accounts maintained pursuant to Section 2.03(b) and the accounts maintained pursuant to Section 2.03(c), the accounts maintained pursuant to Section 2.03(c) shall govern and control.
(e)Any Lender may request that Loans made by it be evidenced by a promissory note. In such event, the Borrowers shall execute and deliver to such Lender a promissory note payable to the order of such Lender (or, if requested by such Lender, to such Lender and its registered assigns) in a form furnished by the Collateral Agent and reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Borrower. Thereafter, the Loans evidenced by such promissory note and interest thereon shall at all times (including after assignment pursuant to Section 12.07) be represented by one or more promissory notes in such form payable to the order of the payee named therein (or, if such promissory note is a registered note, to such payee and its registered assigns).
Section 1.04Interest.
(a)Term Loan. Subject to the terms of this Agreement, at the option of the Administrative Borrower, the Term Loan or any portion thereof shall be either a Reference Rate Loan or a LIBOR Rate Loan. Each portion of the Term Loan that is a Reference Rate Loan shall bear interest on the principal amount thereof from time to time outstanding, from the date of the Term Loan until repaid, at a rate per annum equal to the Reference Rate plus the Applicable Margin, and each portion of the Term Loan that is a LIBOR Rate Loan shall bear interest on the principal amount thereof from time to time outstanding, from the date of the Term Loan until repaid, at a rate per annum equal to the LIBOR Rate for the Interest Period in effect for the Term Loan (or such portion thereof) plus the Applicable Margin.
(b)Default Interest. To the extent permitted by law and notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Section, upon the occurrence and during the continuance of an Event of Default and, at the election of the Required Lenders. upon the written notice by the Administrative Agent to the Borrowers, the principal of, and all accrued and unpaid interest on, all Loans, fees, indemnities or any other Obligations of the Loan Parties under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents, shall bear interest, from the date such Event of Default occurred until the date such Event of Default is cured or waived in writing in accordance herewith, at a rate per annum equal at all times to the Post-Default Rate; provided that, during an Event of Default under Sections 9.01(a), 9.01(f) or 9.01(g) hereof, the applicable Post-Default Rate shall automatically apply without any notice or action on the part of the Administrative Agent or the Required Lenders.
(c)Interest Payment. Interest on each Loan shall be payable (i) in the case of Reference Rate Loans, monthly in arrears on the last day of each month, commencing on the last day of the month in which such Loan is made and, in the case of a LIBOR Rate Loan, on the last day of each Interest Period and (ii) at maturity (whether upon demand, by acceleration or otherwise). Interest at the Post-Default Rate shall be payable on demand. Each Borrower hereby authorizes the Administrative Agent to, and the Administrative Agent may, from time to time, charge the Loan Account pursuant to Section 4.01 with the amount of any interest payment due hereunder.
(d)General. All interest shall be computed on the basis of a year of 360 days for the actual number of days, including the first day but excluding the last day, elapsed.
Section 1.05Reduction of Commitment; Prepayment of Loans.
(a)Reduction of Commitments.
(i)Term Loan. The Total Term Loan Commitment shall terminate upon the earlier of (A) the making of the Term Loan on the Effective Date, and (B) 5:00 p.m. (New York City time) on the Effective Date.
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(b)Optional Prepayment.
(i)Term Loan. The Borrowers may, commencing on the twelve (12) month anniversary of the Effective Date, at any time and from time to time, upon at least five (5) Business Days’ prior written notice to the Administrative Agent, prepay the principal of the Term Loan, in whole or in part. Each prepayment made pursuant to this Section 2.05(b)(i) shall be accompanied by the payment of (A) accrued interest to the date of such payment on the amount prepaid and (B) the Applicable Premium payable in connection with such prepayment of the Term Loan. Each such prepayment shall be applied as directed by the Administrative Borrower; provided, that if the Administrative Borrower does not provide such direction, each such prepayment shall be applied against the remaining installments of principal due on the Term Loan in the direct order of maturity.
(ii)Termination of Agreement. The Borrowers may, upon at least five (5) Business Days prior written notice to the Administrative Agent, terminate this Agreement by paying to the Administrative Agent, in cash, the Obligations in full, plus the Applicable Premium payable in connection with such termination of this Agreement; provided that such notice may provide that it is conditioned upon the consummation of other financings (and the incurrence of any Indebtedness pursuant thereto) or the consummation of a sale of Equity Interests, in which case, such notice may be revoked or extended by the Administrative Borrower if any such condition is not satisfied prior to the date of termination proposed in such notice. If the Administrative Borrower has sent a notice of termination pursuant to this Section 2.05(b)(ii), then the Borrowers shall be obligated to repay the Obligations, in full, plus the Applicable Premium, payable in connection with such termination of this Agreement on the date set forth as the date of termination of this Agreement in such notice; provided that if a notice of termination states that such notice is conditioned upon the effectiveness of other credit facilities or the receipt of the proceeds from the issuance of other Indebtedness, such notice of termination may be revoked by the Administrative Borrower (by notice to the Agents on or prior to the specified date) if such condition is not satisfied.
(c)Mandatory Prepayment.
(i)Within five (5) Business Days of the date of the delivery to the Agents of audited annual financial statements pursuant to Section 7.01(a)(iii), commencing with the delivery to the Agents of the financial statements for the Fiscal Year ended December 31, 2022 or, if such financial statements are not delivered to the Agents and the Lenders on the date such statements are required to be delivered pursuant to Section 7.01(a)(iii), on the date such statements are required to be delivered to the Agents and the Lenders pursuant to Section 7.01(a)(iii), the Borrowers shall prepay the outstanding principal amount of the Loans in accordance with Section 2.05(d) in an amount equal to (1) (x) 75% of the Excess Cash Flow of the Parent and its Subsidiaries for each such Fiscal Year, if the Leverage Ratio of the Parent and its Subsidiaries as of the end of such Fiscal Year is greater than or equal to 2.50:1.00 or (y) 50% of the Excess Cash Flow of the Parent and its Subsidiaries for each such Fiscal Year, if the Leverage Ratio of the Parent and its Subsidiaries as of the end of such Fiscal Year is less than 2.50:1.00, minus (2) the aggregate principal amount of all voluntary payments made by the Borrowers pursuant to Section 2.05(b) for each such Fiscal Year; provided, that, prepayments of the Loans from Excess Cash Flow under this Section 2.05(c)(i) shall only be required to the extent that such amounts exceed $1,000,000 in any Fiscal Year (it being agreed for purposes of this Section 2.05(c)(i) that all calculations made with respect to the Fiscal Year ending December 31, 2022, shall take into account the results of operations of the Parent and its Subsidiaries for the period beginning on April 1, 2022 and ending on December 31, 2022).
(ii)Immediately upon any Disposition (excluding Dispositions which qualify as Permitted Dispositions under clauses (a), (b), (c), (d), (e), (f) or (g) of the definition of Permitted Disposition) by any Loan Party or its Subsidiaries, the Borrowers shall prepay the outstanding principal amount of the Loans in accordance with Section 2.05(d) in an amount equal to 100% of the Net Cash Proceeds received by such Person in connection with such Disposition to the extent that the aggregate amount of Net Cash Proceeds received by all Loan Parties and their Subsidiaries (and not paid to the Administrative Agent as a prepayment of the Loans) shall exceed for all such Dispositions $1,000,000 in any Fiscal Year. Nothing contained in this Section 2.05(c)(ii) shall permit any Loan Party
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or any of its Subsidiaries to make a Disposition of any property other than in accordance with Section 7.02(c)(ii) hereof.
(iii)Upon the issuance or incurrence by any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries of any Indebtedness (other than Permitted Indebtedness), the Borrowers shall prepay the outstanding principal amount of the Loans in accordance with Section 2.05(d) in an amount equal to 100% of the Net Cash Proceeds received by such Person in connection therewith. The provisions of this Section 2.05(c)(iii) shall not be deemed to be implied consent to any such issuance, incurrence or sale otherwise prohibited by the terms and conditions of this Agreement.
(iv)[reserved].
(v)Upon the receipt by any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries of any Casualty Event Proceeds, the Borrowers shall prepay the outstanding principal amount of the Loans in accordance with Section 2.05(d) in an amount equal to 100% of the Net Cash Proceeds received by such Person in connection therewith, to the extent that the aggregate amount of Net Cash Proceeds received by all Loan Parties and their Subsidiaries (and not paid to the Administrative Agent as a prepayment of the Loans) shall exceed for all such events $1,000,000 in any Fiscal Year.
(vi)Immediately upon receipt by the Borrowers of the proceeds of any Permitted Cure Equity pursuant to Section 9.02, the Borrowers shall prepay the outstanding principal amount of the Loans in accordance with Section 2.05(d) in an amount equal to 100% of such proceeds.
(vii)Notwithstanding the foregoing, with respect to Net Cash Proceeds received by any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries in connection with a Disposition or the receipt of Casualty Event Proceeds that are required to be used to prepay the Obligations pursuant to Section 2.05(c)(ii) or Section 2.05(c)(v), as the case may be, up to $5,000,000 in the aggregate in any Fiscal Year of the Net Cash Proceeds from all such Dispositions and Casualty Event Proceeds shall not be required to be so used to prepay the Obligations to the extent that such Net Cash Proceeds are used to acquire, improve, replace, repair, or restore or purchase properties or assets (other than current assets) used in such Person’s business (or, in the case of Casualty Event Proceeds from business interruption insurance policies and/or cyber insurance policies, to operate the business of the Loan Parties); provided that, (A) no Default or Event of Default has occurred and is continuing on the date such Person receives such Net Cash Proceeds, (B) the Administrative Borrower delivers a certificate to the Administrative Agent within five (5) days after the receipt of such Net Cash Proceeds from such Disposition or loss, destruction or taking, or receipt of such Casualty Event Proceeds, as the case may be, stating that such Net Cash Proceeds or such Casualty Event Proceeds shall be used to acquire, improve, replace, repair or restore or purchase properties or assets used in such Person’s business (or, in the case of Casualty Event Proceeds from business interruption insurance policies and/or cyber insurance policies, to operate the business of the Loan Parties); within a period specified in such certificate not to exceed 180 days (or 225 days if a commitment pursuant to a binding agreement for such reinvestment is entered into within such 180 day period) after the date of receipt of such Net Cash Proceeds or Casualty Event Proceeds (which certificate shall set forth estimates of the Net Cash Proceeds or Casualty Event Proceeds to be so expended), (C) such Net Cash Proceeds or Casualty Event Proceeds are deposited in an account subject to a Control Agreement, and (D) upon the earlier of (1) the expiration of the period specified in the relevant certificate furnished to the Administrative Agent pursuant to clause (B) above or (2) the occurrence of an Event of Default, such Net Cash Proceeds or Casualty Event Proceeds, if not theretofore so used, shall be used to prepay the Obligations in accordance with Section 2.05(c)(ii) or Section 2.05(c)(v) as applicable.
(d)Application of Payments. Each prepayment pursuant to subsections (c)(i), (c)(ii), (c)(iii), (c)(iv), (c)(v) and (c)(vi) above shall be applied to the Term Loan, until paid in full. Each such prepayment of the Term Loan shall be applied against the remaining installments of principal of the Term Loan pro rata to the remaining instalments of the Term Loan, including the installment due on the Maturity Date. Notwithstanding the foregoing, after the occurrence and during the continuance of an Event of Default, if the Administrative Agent has elected, or has been directed by the Collateral Agent or the Required Lenders, to apply payments in respect of any Obligations in accordance with Section
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4.03(b), prepayments required under Section 2.05(c) shall be applied in the manner set forth in Section 4.03(b).
(e)Interest and Fees. Any prepayment made pursuant to this Section 2.05 shall be accompanied by (i) accrued interest on the principal amount being prepaid to the date of prepayment, (ii) any Funding Losses payable pursuant to Section 2.08, (iii) the Applicable Premium payable in connection with such prepayment of the Loans to the extent required under Section 2.06(a) and (iv) if such prepayment would reduce the amount of the outstanding Loans to zero, such prepayment shall be accompanied by the payment of all fees accrued to such date pursuant to Section 2.06.
(f)Cumulative Prepayments. Except as otherwise expressly provided in this Section 2.05, payments with respect to any subsection of this Section 2.05 are in addition to payments made or required to be made under any other subsection of this Section 2.05.
(g)Waivable Mandatory Prepayments. Anything contained herein to the contrary notwithstanding, in the event that the Borrowers are required to make any mandatory prepayment (a “Waivable Mandatory Prepayment”) of the Loans pursuant to Section 2.05(c) (excluding mandatory prepayments under Section 2.05(c)(vi)), not less than two Business Days prior to the date on which the Borrowers are required to make such Waivable Mandatory Prepayment (the “Required Prepayment Date”), the Administrative Borrower shall notify the Administrative Agent in writing of the amount of such prepayment, and the Administrative Agent will promptly thereafter notify each Lender of the amount of such Lender’s Pro Rata Share of such Waivable Mandatory Prepayment and such Lender’s option to refuse such amount (the “Refusal Option”). Each such Lender may exercise the Refusal Option by giving written notice to the Administrative Borrower and the Administrative Agent of its election to do so on or before 12:00 noon (New York City time) one Business Day prior to the Required Prepayment Date (it being understood that any Lender that does not notify the Administrative Borrower and the Administrative Agent of its election to exercise the Refusal Option on or before 12:00 noon (New York City time) one Business Day prior to the Required Prepayment Date shall be deemed to have elected, as of such date, not to exercise the Refusal Option). On the Required Prepayment Date, the Borrowers shall pay to the Administrative Agent the amount of the Waivable Mandatory Prepayment, which amount shall be applied (i) in an amount equal to that portion of the Waivable Mandatory Prepayment payable to those Lenders that have elected not to exercise the Refusal Option, to prepay the Loans of such Lenders (which prepayment shall be applied to prepay the outstanding principal amount of the Obligations in accordance with Section 2.05(d)) and (ii) to the extent of any excess, to those Lenders that have elected not to exercise the Refusal Option, on a pro rata basis (based upon the portion of the Loans held by each such Lender that elected not to exercise the Refusal Option, as compared to the aggregate amount of the Loans held by all such Lenders that did not elect to exercise the Refusal Option) to prepay the Loans of such Lenders, or, to the extent any such Lender refuses the excess amount specified in this clause (ii) (or to the extent the Loans of all such Lenders have been repaid in full), to the Borrowers for working capital and general corporate purposes.
Section 1.06Fees.
(a)Audit and Collateral Monitoring Fees. The Borrowers acknowledge that pursuant to Section 7.01(f), representatives of the Agents may visit any or all of the Loan Parties and/or conduct inspections, audits, physical counts, valuations, appraisals and/or examinations of any or all of the Loan Parties at reasonable times during normal business hours and, so long as no Event of Default has occurred and is continuing, upon reasonable advance notice to the Loan Parties (not less than ten (10) Business Days). The Borrowers agree to pay (i) $1,500 per day per examiner plus the examiner’s reasonable and documented out-of-pocket costs and expenses incurred in connection with all such visits, inspections, audits, valuations and/or examinations and (ii) the reasonable and documented out-of-pocket cost of all visits, inspections, audits, valuations and/or examinations conducted by a third party on behalf of the Agents; provided that so long as no Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing, the Borrowers shall not be obligated to reimburse the Agents for more than one (1) inspection in any calendar year.
(b)Fee Letter. As and when due and payable under the terms of the Fee Letter, the Borrowers shall pay the fees set forth in the Fee Letter.
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Section 1.07LIBOR Option.
(a)The Borrowers may, at any time and from time to time, so long as no Default or Event of Default has occurred and is continuing, elect to have interest on all or a portion of the Loans be charged at a rate of interest based upon the LIBOR Rate (the “LIBOR Option”) by notifying the Administrative Agent prior to 11:00 a.m. (New York City time) at least three Business Days prior to (i) the proposed borrowing date of a Loan (as provided in Section 2.02), (ii) in the case of the conversion of a Reference Rate Loan to a LIBOR Rate Loan, the commencement of the proposed Interest Period or (iii) in the case of the continuation of a LIBOR Rate Loan as a LIBOR Rate Loan, the last day of the then current Interest Period (the “LIBOR Deadline”). Notice of the Borrowers’ election of the LIBOR Option for a permitted portion of the Loans and an Interest Period pursuant to this Section 2.07(a) shall be made by delivery to the Administrative Agent of (A) a Notice of Borrowing (in the case of the initial making of a Loan) in accordance with Section 2.02 or (B) a LIBOR Notice prior to the LIBOR Deadline. Promptly upon its receipt of each such LIBOR Notice, the Administrative Agent shall provide a copy thereof to each of the Lenders. Each LIBOR Notice shall be irrevocable and binding on the Borrowers.
(b)Interest on LIBOR Rate Loans shall be payable in accordance with Section 2.04(c). On the last day of each applicable Interest Period, unless the Borrowers properly have exercised the LIBOR Option with respect thereto, the interest rate applicable to such LIBOR Rate Loans automatically shall convert to the rate of interest then applicable to Reference Rate Loans of the same type hereunder. At any time that a Default or an Event of Default has occurred and is continuing, the Borrowers no longer shall have the option to request that any portion of the Loans bear interest at the LIBOR Rate and the Administrative Agent shall have the right to convert the interest rate on all outstanding LIBOR Rate Loans to the rate of interest then applicable to Reference Rate Loans of the same type hereunder on the last day of the then current Interest Period.
(c)Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Agreement, the Borrowers (i) shall have not more than five (5) LIBOR Rate Loans in effect at any given time, and (ii) only may exercise the LIBOR Option for LIBOR Rate Loans of at least $5,000,000 and integral multiples of $1,000,000 in excess thereof.
(d)The Borrowers may prepay LIBOR Rate Loans at any time; provided, however, that in the event that LIBOR Rate Loans are prepaid on any date that is not the last day of the Interest Period applicable thereto, including as a result of any mandatory prepayment pursuant to Section 2.05(c) or any application of payments or proceeds of Collateral in accordance with Section 4.03 or 4.04 or for any other reason, including early termination of the term of this Agreement or acceleration of all or any portion of the Obligations pursuant to the terms hereof, the Borrowers shall indemnify, defend and hold the Agents and the Lenders and their participants harmless against any and all Funding Losses in accordance with Section 2.08.
(e)Anything to the contrary contained herein notwithstanding, neither any Agent nor any Lender, nor any of their participants, is required actually to acquire eurodollar deposits to fund or otherwise match fund any Obligation as to which interest accrues at the LIBOR Rate. The provisions of this Article II shall apply as if each Lender or its participants had match funded any Obligation as to which interest is accruing at the LIBOR Rate by acquiring eurodollar deposits for each Interest Period in the amount of the LIBOR Rate Loans.
(f)Unless and until a Benchmark Replacement is implemented in accordance with Section 2.12, if prior to the commencement of any Interest Period for any LIBOR Rate Loan,
(i)the Administrative Agent shall have determined that either Dollar deposits are not being offered to banks in the London interbank Eurodollar market for the applicable amount and Interest Period of such Loan, or adequate and reasonable means do not exist for ascertaining LIBOR for such Interest Period, including, without limitation, because the Administrative Agent determines that either inadequate or insufficient quotations of the London interbank offered rate
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exist or the use of “LIBOR” has been discontinued (any determination of Administrative Agent to be conclusive and binding absent manifest error), or
(ii)the Administrative Agent shall have received notice from the Required Lenders that LIBOR does not adequately and fairly reflect the cost to such Lenders of making, funding or maintaining their LIBOR Rate Loans for such Interest Period,
then the Administrative Agent shall give written notice to the Administrative Borrower and to the Lenders as soon as practicable thereafter. Until the Administrative Agent shall notify the Administrative Borrower and the Lenders that the circumstances giving rise to such notice no longer exist, (A) the obligations of the Lenders to make LIBOR Rate Loans, or to continue or convert outstanding Loans as or into LIBOR Rate Loans, shall be suspended and (B) all such affected Loans shall be converted into Reference Rate Loans on the last day of the then current Interest Period applicable thereto.
Section 1.08Funding Losses. In connection with each LIBOR Rate Loan, the Borrowers shall indemnify, defend, and hold the Agents and the Lenders harmless against any loss, cost, or expense incurred by any Agent or any Lender as a result of (a) the payment of any principal of any LIBOR Rate Loan other than on the last day of an Interest Period applicable thereto (including as a result of a Default or an Event of Default or any mandatory prepayment required pursuant to Section 2.05(c)), (b) the conversion of any LIBOR Rate Loan other than on the last day of the Interest Period applicable thereto (including as a result of a Default or an Event of Default) or (c) the failure to borrow, convert, continue or prepay any LIBOR Rate Loan on the date specified in any Notice of Borrowing or LIBOR Notice delivered pursuant hereto (such losses, costs, and expenses, collectively, “Funding Losses”). Funding Losses shall, with respect to any Agent or any Lender, be deemed to equal the amount reasonably determined by such Agent or such Lender to be the excess, if any, of (i) the amount of interest that would have accrued on the principal amount of such LIBOR Rate Loan had such event not occurred, at the LIBOR Rate that would have been applicable thereto, for the period from the date of such event to the last day of the then current Interest Period therefor (or, in the case of a failure to borrow, convert or continue, for the period that would have been the Interest Period therefor), minus (ii) the amount of interest that would accrue on such principal amount for such period at the interest rate which such Agent or such Lender would be offered were it to be offered, at the commencement of such period, Dollar deposits of a comparable amount and period in the London interbank market. A certificate of an Agent or a Lender delivered to the Administrative Borrower setting forth any amount or amounts that such Agent or such Lender is entitled to receive pursuant to this Section 2.08 shall be conclusive absent manifest error.
Section 1.09Taxes.
(a)Any and all payments by or on account of any obligation of any Loan Party hereunder or under any other Loan Document shall be made free and clear of and without deduction or withholding for any and all Taxes, except as required by applicable law. If any applicable law (as determined in the good faith discretion of any Withholding Agent) requires the deduction or withholding of any Taxes from or in respect of any such payment, (i) the applicable Withholding Agent shall make such deduction or withholding, (ii) the applicable Withholding Agent shall pay the full amount deducted or withheld to the relevant Governmental Authority in accordance with applicable law and (iii) if such Tax is an Indemnified Tax, then the sum payable by the applicable Loan Party shall be increased by the amount (an “Additional Amount”) necessary such that after making all required deductions and withholdings (including deductions and withholdings applicable to additional sums payable under this Section 2.09) the applicable Recipient receives the amount equal to the sum it would have received had no such deduction or withholding been made.
(b)In addition, each Loan Party shall pay to the relevant Governmental Authority in accordance with applicable law any Other Taxes, or at the option of the Administrative Agent timely reimburse it for the payment of any Other Taxes by any Secured Party. Each Loan Party shall deliver to each Secured Party official receipts in respect of any Taxes or Other Taxes payable hereunder promptly after payment of such Taxes or Other Taxes.
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(c)Without duplication of payments made pursuant to Section 2.09(a), the Loan Parties hereby jointly and severally indemnify and agree to hold each Secured Party harmless from and against Indemnified Taxes (including, without limitation, Indemnified Taxes imposed on any amounts payable under this Section 2.09) paid or payable by such Secured Party or required to be withheld or deducted from a payment to such Secured Party and any expenses arising therefrom or with respect thereto, whether or not such Indemnified Taxes were correctly or legally asserted. Such indemnification shall be paid within ten days from the date on which any such Person makes written demand therefore specifying in reasonable detail the nature and amount of such Indemnified Taxes. A certificate as to the amount of such payment or liability delivered to the Borrower by a Secured Party (with a copy to the Administrative Agent) or by the Administrative Agent on its own behalf or on behalf of another Secured Party shall be conclusive absent manifest error.
(d)(i) Any Lender that is entitled to an exemption from or reduction of withholding Tax with respect to payments made under any Loan Document shall deliver to the Borrower and the Administrative Agent, at the time or times reasonably requested by the Borrower or the Administrative Agent, such properly completed and executed documentation reasonably requested by the Borrower or the Administrative Agent as will permit such payments to be made without withholding or at a reduced rate of withholding. In addition, any Lender, if reasonably requested by the Borrower or the Administrative Agent, shall deliver such other documentation prescribed by applicable law or reasonably requested by the Borrower or the Administrative Agent as will enable the Borrower or the Administrative Agent to determine whether or not such Lender is subject to backup withholding or information reporting requirements. The obligations under Section 2.09(d)(i) refer to the Lenders only and not to any of their shareholders or partners. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in the preceding two sentences, the completion, execution and submission of such documentation (other than such documentation set forth in Sections 2.09(d)(ii)(A), (ii)(B) and (ii)(D) below) shall not be required if in the Lender’s reasonable judgment such completion, execution or submission would subject such Lender to any material unreimbursed cost or expense or would materially prejudice the legal or commercial position of such Lender. Lender is not obliged to disclose information with respect to its shareholders or partners.
(ii)Without limiting the generality of the foregoing,
(A)any Lender that is a U.S. Person shall deliver to the Borrower and the Administrative Agent on or prior to the date on which such Lender becomes a Lender under this Agreement (and from time to time thereafter upon the reasonable request of the Borrower or the Administrative Agent), executed copies of IRS Form W-9 certifying that such Lender is exempt from U.S. federal backup withholding tax;
(B)any Lender that is not a U.S. Person (a “Foreign Lender”) shall, to the extent it is legally entitled to do so, deliver to the Borrower and the Administrative Agent (in such number of copies as shall be reasonably requested by the recipient) on or prior to the date on which such Foreign Lender becomes a Lender under this Agreement (and from time to time thereafter upon the reasonable request of the Borrower or the Administrative Agent), whichever of the following is applicable:
(1)in the case of a Foreign Lender claiming the benefits of an income tax treaty to which the United States is a party (x) with respect to payments of interest under any Loan Document, executed copies of IRS Form W-8BEN or W-8BEN-E establishing an exemption from, or reduction of, U.S. federal withholding Tax pursuant to the “interest” article of such tax treaty and (y) with respect to any other applicable payments under any Loan Document, IRS Form W-8BEN or W-8BEN-E establishing an exemption from, or reduction of, U.S. federal withholding Tax pursuant to the “business profits” or “other income” article of such tax treaty;
(2)executed copies of IRS Form W-8ECI;
(3)in the case of a Foreign Lender claiming the benefits of the exemption for portfolio interest under Section 881(c) of the Internal Revenue Code, (x) a certificate substantially in the form of Exhibit 2.09(d)-1 to the effect that such Foreign Lender is not a “bank” within the meaning of Section 881(c)(3)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code, a “10 percent
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shareholder” of the Borrower within the meaning of Section 881(c)(3)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code, or a “controlled foreign corporation” described in Section 881(c)(3)(C) of the Internal Revenue Code (a “U.S. Tax Compliance Certificate”) and (y) executed copies of IRS Form W-8BEN or W-8BEN-E; or
(4)to the extent a Foreign Lender is not the beneficial owner, executed copies of IRS Form W-8IMY, accompanied by IRS Form W-8ECI, IRS Form W-8BEN or W-8BEN-E, a U.S. Tax Compliance Certificate substantially in the form of Exhibit 2.09(d)-2 or Exhibit 2.09(d)-3, IRS Form W-9, or other certification documents from each beneficial owner, as applicable; provided that if the Foreign Lender is a partnership and one or more direct or indirect partners of such Foreign Lender are claiming the portfolio interest exemption, such Foreign Lender may provide a U.S. Tax Compliance Certificate substantially in the form of Exhibit 2.09(d)-4 on behalf of each such direct and indirect partner;
(C)any Foreign Lender shall, to the extent it is legally entitled to do so, deliver to the Borrower and the Administrative Agent (in such number of copies as shall be reasonably requested by the recipient) on or prior to the date on which such Foreign Lender becomes a Lender under this Agreement (and from time to time thereafter upon the reasonable request of the Borrower or the Administrative Agent), executed copies of any other form prescribed by applicable law as a basis for claiming exemption from or a reduction in U.S. federal withholding Tax, duly completed, together with such supplementary documentation as may be prescribed by applicable law to permit the Borrower or the Administrative Agent to determine the withholding or deduction required to be made; and
(D)if a payment made to a Lender under any Loan Document would be subject to U.S. federal withholding Tax imposed by FATCA if such Lender were to fail to comply with the applicable reporting requirements of FATCA (including those contained in Section 1471(b) or 1472(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, as applicable), such Lender shall deliver to the Borrower and the Administrative Agent at the time or times prescribed by law and at such time or times reasonably requested by the Borrower or the Administrative Agent such documentation prescribed by applicable law (including as prescribed by Section 1471(b)(3)(C)(i) of the Internal Revenue Code) and such additional documentation reasonably requested by the Borrower or the Administrative Agent as may be necessary for the Borrower and the Administrative Agent to comply with their obligations under FATCA and to determine that such Lender has complied with such Lender’s obligations under FATCA or to determine the amount to deduct and withhold from such payment. Solely for purposes of this clause (D), “FATCA” shall include any amendments made to FATCA after the date of this Agreement.
Each Lender agrees that if any form or certification it previously delivered expires or becomes obsolete or inaccurate in any respect, it shall update such form or certification or promptly notify the Administrative Agent in writing of its legal inability to do so.
(e)Each Lender shall severally indemnify the Administrative Agent, within ten days after demand therefor, for (i) any Indemnified Taxes attributable to such Lender (but only to the extent that any Loan Party has not already indemnified the Administrative Agent for such Indemnified Taxes and without limiting the obligation of the Loan Parties to do so), (ii) any Taxes attributable to such Lender’s failure to comply with the provisions of Section 12.07(i) relating to the maintenance of a Participant Register and (iii) any Excluded Taxes attributable to such Lender, in each case, that are payable or paid by the Administrative Agent in connection with any Loan Document, and any reasonable expenses arising therefrom or with respect thereto, whether or not such Taxes were correctly or legally imposed or asserted by the relevant Governmental Authority. A certificate as to the amount of such payment or liability delivered to any Lender by the Administrative Agent shall be conclusive absent manifest error. Each Lender hereby authorizes the Administrative Agent to set off and apply any and all amounts at any time owing to such Lender under any Loan Document or otherwise payable by the Administrative Agent to the Lender from any other source against any amount due to the Administrative Agent under this paragraph (e).
(f)If any party determines, in its sole discretion exercised in good faith, that it has received a refund of any Taxes as to which it has been indemnified pursuant to this Section 2.09 (including by the payment of additional amounts pursuant to this Section 2.09), it shall pay to the
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indemnifying party an amount equal to such refund (but only to the extent of indemnity payments made under this Section 2.09 with respect to the Taxes giving rise to such refund), net of all out-of-pocket expenses (including Taxes) of such indemnified party and without interest (other than any interest paid by the relevant Governmental Authority with respect to such refund). Such indemnifying party, upon the request of such indemnified party, shall repay to such indemnified party the amount paid over pursuant to this paragraph (f) (plus any penalties, interest or other charges imposed by the relevant Governmental Authority) in the event that such indemnified party is required to repay such refund to such Governmental Authority. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this paragraph (f), in no event will the indemnified party be required to pay any amount to an indemnifying party pursuant to this paragraph (f) the payment of which would place the indemnified party in a less favorable net after-Tax position than the indemnified party would have been in if the Tax subject to indemnification and giving rise to such refund had not been deducted, withheld or otherwise imposed and the indemnification payments or additional amounts with respect to such Tax had never been paid. This paragraph shall not be construed to require any indemnified party to make available its Tax returns (or any other information relating to its Taxes that it deems confidential) to the indemnifying party or any other Person.
(g)VAT.
(i)All amounts expressed to be payable under this Agreement by any Loan Party to a Secured Party which (in whole or in part) constitute the consideration for any supply for VAT purposes are deemed to be exclusive of any VAT which is chargeable on the supply (which is the basis of such payment), and accordingly, subject to paragraph (ii) below, if VAT is or becomes chargeable on any supply made by any Secured Party under this Agreement that Loan Party must (i) pay to such Secured Party additionally an amount equal to the amount of the VAT if the Secured Party is required to account to the relevant tax authority for the VAT, or (ii) pay the amount of VAT to the relevant tax authority if the Loan Party is subject to the so-called reverse-charge mechanism. The Secured Party must promptly provide an appropriate VAT invoice to the respective Loan Party.
(ii)If VAT is or becomes chargeable on any supply made by any Secured Party to any other Secured Party (the "Second Recipient") under the Agreement, and any party under this Agreement other than the Second Recipient (the "Relevant Party") is required by the terms of the Agreement to pay an amount equal to the consideration for that supply to the Secured Party (rather than being required to reimburse or indemnify the Second Recipient in respect of that consideration):
(A)(where the Secured Party is the person required to account to the relevant tax authority for the VAT) the Relevant Party must also pay to the Secured Party (at the same time as paying that amount) an additional amount equal to the amount of the VAT. The Second Recipient must (where this paragraph (A) applies) promptly pay to the Relevant Party an amount equal to any credit or repayment the Second Recipient receives from the relevant tax authority which the Second Recipient reasonably determines relates to the VAT chargeable on that supply; and
(B)(where the Second Recipient is the person required to account to the relevant tax authority for the VAT) the Relevant Party must promptly, following demand from the Second Recipient, pay to the Second Recipient an amount equal to the VAT chargeable on that supply but only to the extent that the Second Recipient reasonably determines that it is not entitled to credit or repayment from the relevant tax authority in respect of that VAT.
(iii)Where the Agreement requires any party under this Agreement to reimburse or indemnify a Secured Party for any cost or expense, that party shall reimburse or indemnify (as the case may be) such Secured Party for the full amount of such cost or expense, including
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such part thereof as represents VAT, save to the extent that such Secured Party reasonably determines that it is entitled to credit or repayment in respect of such VAT from the relevant tax authority
(iv)Any reference in this Section 2.09(g) to any party under this Agreement shall, at any time when such party is treated as a member of a group or fiscal unit for VAT purposes, include (where appropriate and unless the context otherwise requires) a reference to the person who is treated at that time as making the supply, or (as appropriate) receiving the supply, under the grouping rules provided for in the German Value Added Tax Act (Umsatzsteuergesetz), in Article 11 of Council Directive 2006/112/EC (or as implemented by the relevant member state of the European Union) or any other similar provision in any jurisdiction so that a reference to a party shall be construed as a reference to that party or the relevant group or fiscal unity of which that party is a member for VAT purposes at the relevant time or the relevant representative member (or head) of that group or unity (or fiscal unity) at the relevant time (as the case may be).]
(h)The obligations of the Loan Parties under this Section 2.09 shall survive the termination of this Agreement and the payment of the Loans and all other amounts payable hereunder.
Section 1.10Increased Costs and Reduced Return.
(a)If any Secured Party shall have determined in good faith that any Change in Law shall (i) subject such Secured Party, or any Person controlling such Secured Party to any tax, duty or other charge with respect to this Agreement or any Loan made by such Agent or such Lender, or change the basis of taxation of payments to such Secured Party or any Person controlling such Secured Party of any amounts payable hereunder (other than (A) Indemnified Taxes, (B) Taxes described in clauses (b) through (d) of the definition of Excluded Taxes and (C) Connection Income Taxes), (ii) impose, modify or deem applicable any reserve, special deposit or similar requirement against any Loan or against assets of or held by, or deposits with or for the account of, or credit extended by, such Secured Party or any Person controlling such Secured Party or (iii) impose on such Secured Party or any Person controlling such Secured Party any other condition regarding this Agreement or any Loan, and the result of any event referred to in clauses (i), (ii) or (iii) above shall be to increase the cost to such Secured Party of making any Loan or agreeing to make any Loan or to reduce any amount received or receivable by such Secured Party hereunder, then, upon demand by such Secured Party, the Borrowers shall pay to such Secured Party such additional amounts as will compensate such Secured Party for such increased costs or reductions in amount.
(b)If any Secured Party shall have determined in good faith that any Change in Law either (i) affects or would affect the amount of capital required or expected to be maintained by such Secured Party or any Person controlling such Secured Party, and such Secured Party determines in good faith that the amount of such capital is increased as a direct or indirect consequence of any Loans made or maintained, such Secured Party’s or such other controlling Person’s other obligations hereunder, or (ii) has or would have the effect of reducing the rate of return on such Secured Party’s or such other controlling Person’s capital to a level below that which such Secured Party or such controlling Person could have achieved but for such circumstances as a consequence of any Loans made or maintained or any agreement to make Loans or such Secured Party’s or such other controlling Person’s other obligations hereunder (in each case, taking into consideration, such Secured Party’s or such other controlling Person’s policies with respect to capital adequacy), then, upon demand by such Secured Party, the Borrowers shall pay to such Secured Party from time to time such additional amounts as will compensate such Secured Party for such cost of maintaining such increased capital or such reduction in the rate of return on such Secured Party’s or such other controlling Person’s capital.
(c)All amounts payable under this Section 2.10 shall bear interest from the date that is 10 days after the date of demand by any Secured Party until payment in full to such Secured Party at the Reference Rate. A certificate of such Secured Party claiming compensation under this Section 2.10, specifying the event herein above described and the nature of such event shall be submitted by such Secured Party to the Administrative Borrower, setting forth the additional amount due and an
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explanation of the calculation thereof, and such Secured Party’s reasons for invoking the provisions of this Section 2.10, and shall be final and conclusive absent manifest error.
(d)Failure or delay on the part of any Lender to demand compensation pursuant to the foregoing provisions of this Section 2.10 shall not constitute a waiver of such Lender’s right to demand such compensation; provided that the Borrowers shall not be required to compensate a Lender pursuant to the foregoing provisions of this Section 2.10 for any increased costs incurred or reductions suffered more than nine months prior to the date that such Lender notifies the Administrative Borrower of the Change in Law giving rise to such increased costs or reductions and of such Lender’s intention to claim compensation therefor (except that, if the Change in Law giving rise to such increased costs or reductions is retroactive, then the nine-month period referred to above shall be extended to include the period of retroactive effect thereof).
(e)The obligations of the Loan Parties under this Section 2.10 shall survive the termination of this Agreement and the payment of the Loans and all other amounts payable hereunder.
Section 1.11Changes in Law; Impracticability or Illegality.
(a)The LIBOR Rate may be adjusted by the Administrative Agent with respect to any Lender on a prospective basis to take into account any additional or increased costs to such Lender of maintaining or obtaining any eurodollar deposits or increased costs due to changes in applicable law occurring subsequent to the commencement of the then applicable Interest Period, including changes in tax laws (except changes of general applicability in corporate income tax laws) and changes in the reserve requirements imposed by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (or any successor), excluding the Reserve Percentage, which additional or increased costs would increase the cost of funding loans bearing interest at the LIBOR Rate. In any such event, the affected Lender shall give the Administrative Borrower and the Administrative Agent notice of such a determination and adjustment and the Administrative Agent promptly shall transmit the notice to each other Lender and, upon its receipt of the notice from the affected Lender, the Administrative Borrower may, by notice to such affected Lender (i) require such Lender to furnish to the Administrative Borrower a statement setting forth the basis for adjusting such LIBOR Rate and the method for determining the amount of such adjustment or (ii) repay the LIBOR Rate Loans with respect to which such adjustment is made (together with any amounts due under Section 2.09).
(b)In the event that any change in market conditions or any law, regulation, treaty, or directive, or any change therein or in the interpretation of application thereof, shall at any time after the date hereof, in the reasonable opinion of any Lender, make it unlawful or impractical for such Lender to fund or maintain LIBOR Rate Loans or to continue such funding or maintaining, or to determine or charge interest rates at the LIBOR Rate, such Lender shall give notice of such changed circumstances to the Administrative Borrower and the Administrative Agent, and the Administrative Agent promptly shall transmit the notice to each other Lender and (i) in the case of any LIBOR Rate Loans of such Lender that are outstanding, the date specified in such Lender’s notice shall be deemed to be the last day of the Interest Period of such LIBOR Rate Loans, and interest upon the LIBOR Rate Loans of such Lender thereafter shall accrue interest at the rate then applicable to Reference Rate Loans of the same type hereunder and (ii) the Borrowers shall not be entitled to elect the LIBOR Option (including in any borrowing, conversion or continuation then being requested) until such Lender determines that it would no longer be unlawful or impractical to do so.
(c)The obligations of the Loan Parties under this Section 2.11 shall survive the termination of this Agreement and the payment of the Loans and all other amounts payable hereunder.
Section 1.12Benchmark Replacement Setting. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Agreement or any other Loan Document:
(a)Benchmark Replacement. If a Benchmark Transition Event or an Early Opt-in Election, as applicable, and its related Benchmark Replacement Date have occurred prior to the Reference Time in respect of any setting of the then-current Benchmark, then (x) if a Benchmark Replacement is
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determined in accordance with clause (1) or (2) of the definition of “Benchmark Replacement” for such Benchmark Replacement Date, such Benchmark Replacement will replace such Benchmark for all purposes hereunder and under any Loan Document in respect of such Benchmark setting and subsequent Benchmark settings without any amendment to, or further action or consent of any other party to, this Agreement or any other Loan Document and (y) if a Benchmark Replacement is determined in accordance with clause (3) of the definition of “Benchmark Replacement” for such Benchmark Replacement Date, such Benchmark Replacement will replace such Benchmark for all purposes hereunder and under any Loan Document in respect of any Benchmark setting at or after 5:00 p.m. (New York City time) on the fifth (5th) Business Day after the date notice of such Benchmark Replacement is provided to the Lenders without any amendment to, or further action or consent of any other party to, this Agreement or any other Loan Document so long as the Administrative Agent has not received, by such time, written notice of objection to such Benchmark Replacement from Lenders comprising the Required Lenders.
(b)Benchmark Replacement Conforming Changes. In connection with the implementation of a Benchmark Replacement, the Administrative Agent will have the right to make Benchmark Replacement Conforming Changes from time to time and, notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein or in any other Loan Document, any amendments implementing such Benchmark Replacement Conforming Changes will become effective without any further action or consent of any other party to this Agreement or any other Loan Document.
(c)Notices; Standards for Decisions and Determinations. The Administrative Agent will promptly notify the Administrative Borrower and the Lenders of (i) any occurrence of a Benchmark Transition Event or an Early Opt-in Election, as applicable, and its related Benchmark Replacement Date, (ii) the implementation of any Benchmark Replacement, (iii) the effectiveness of any Benchmark Replacement Conforming Changes, (iv) the removal or reinstatement of any tenor of a Benchmark pursuant to clause (d) below and (v) the commencement or conclusion of any Benchmark Unavailability Period. Any determination, decision or election that may be made by the Administrative Agent or, if applicable, any Lender (or group of Lenders) pursuant to this Section, including any determination with respect to a tenor, rate or adjustment or of the occurrence or non-occurrence of an event, circumstance or date and any decision to take or refrain from taking any action or any selection, will be conclusive and binding absent manifest error and may be made in its or their sole discretion and without consent from any other party to this Agreement or any other Loan Document, except, in each case, as expressly required pursuant to this Section.
(d)Unavailability of Tenor of Benchmark. At any time (including in connection with the implementation of a Benchmark Replacement), (i) if the then-current Benchmark is a term rate (including Term SOFR or the LIBOR Rate) and either (A) any tenor for such Benchmark is not displayed on a screen or other information service that publishes such rate from time to time as selected by the Administrative Agent in its reasonable discretion or (B) the regulatory supervisor for the administrator of such Benchmark has provided a public statement or publication of information announcing that any tenor for such Benchmark is or will be no longer representative, then the Administrative Agent may modify the definition of “Interest Period” for any Benchmark settings at or after such time to remove such unavailable or non-representative tenor and (ii) if a tenor that was removed pursuant to clause (i) above either (A) is subsequently displayed on a screen or information service for a Benchmark (including a Benchmark Replacement) or (B) is not, or is no longer, subject to an announcement that it is or will no longer be representative for a Benchmark (including a Benchmark Replacement), then the Administrative Agent may modify the definition of “Interest Period” for all Benchmark settings at or after such time to reinstate such previously removed tenor.
(e)Benchmark Unavailability Period. Upon the Administrative Borrower’s receipt of notice of the commencement of a Benchmark Unavailability Period, the Administrative Borrower may revoke any request for conversion to or continuation of LIBOR Rate Loans to be made, converted or continued during any Benchmark Unavailability Period and, failing that, the Administrative Borrower
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will be deemed to have converted any such request into a request for conversion to Reference Rate Loans. During any Benchmark Unavailability Period or at any time that a tenor for the then-current Benchmark is not an Available Tenor, the component of the Reference Rate based upon the then-current Benchmark or such tenor for such Benchmark, as applicable, will not be used in any determination of the Reference Rate.
For the avoidance of doubt, the implementation of any Benchmark Replacement pursuant to this Section 2.12 is intended for U.S. federal income tax purposes to constitute a modification described in Section 4.01 of Rev. Proc. 2020-44 and Proposed Treasury Regulation 1.1001-6(a)(1), and not a significant modification within the meaning of Treasury Regulation 1.1001-3(b), and the provisions of this section 2.12 shall be interpreted and applied consistently with such intention.
Article III

[INTENTIONALLY OMITTED]
Article IV

APPLICATION OF PAYMENTS; DEFAULTING LENDERS;
JOINT AND SEVERAL LIABILITY OF BORROWERS
Section 1.01Payments; Computations and Statements. (a) The Borrowers will make each payment under this Agreement not later than 1:00 p.m. (New York City time) on the day when due, in lawful money of the United States of America and in immediately available funds, to the Administrative Agent’s Accounts. All payments received by the Administrative Agent after 1:00 p.m. (New York City time) on any Business Day may, in the Administrative Agent’s discretion, be credited to the Loan Account on the next succeeding Business Day. All payments shall be made by the Borrowers without set-off, counterclaim, recoupment, deduction or other defense to the Agents and the Lenders. Except as provided in Section 2.02, after receipt, the Administrative Agent will promptly thereafter cause to be distributed like funds relating to the payment of principal ratably to the Lenders in accordance with their Pro Rata Shares and like funds relating to the payment of any other amount payable to any Lender to such Lender, in each case to be applied in accordance with the terms of this Agreement, provided that the Administrative Agent will cause to be distributed all interest and fees received from or for the account of the Borrowers not less than once each month and in any event promptly after receipt thereof. The Lenders and the Borrowers hereby authorize the Administrative Agent to, and the Administrative Agent may, from time to time, charge the Loan Account of the Borrowers with any amount due and payable by the Borrowers under any Loan Document. Each of the Lenders and the Borrowers agrees that the Administrative Agent shall have the right to make such charges whether or not any Default or Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing or whether any of the conditions precedent in Section 5.02 have been satisfied. Any amount charged to the Loan Account of the Borrowers shall be deemed Obligations and shall bear interest at a rate per annum equal to the rate then applicable to Term Loans that are Reference Rate Loans. The Lenders and the Borrowers confirm that any charges which the Administrative Agent may so make to the Loan Account of the Borrowers as herein provided will be made as an accommodation to the Borrowers and solely at the Administrative Agent’s discretion, provided that the Administrative Agent shall from time to time upon the request of the Collateral Agent, charge the Loan Account of the Borrowers with any amount due and payable under any Loan Document. Whenever any payment to be made under any such Loan Document shall be stated to be due on a day other than a Business Day, such payment shall be made on the next succeeding Business Day and such extension of time shall in such case be included in the computation of interest or fees, as the case may be. All computations of fees shall be made by the Administrative Agent on the basis of a year of 360 days for the actual number of days. Each determination by the Administrative Agent of an interest rate or fees hereunder shall be conclusive and binding for all purposes in the absence of manifest error.
(b)    The Administrative Agent shall provide the Administrative Borrower, promptly before the end of each calendar month, a summary statement (in the form from time to time used by the Administrative Agent) of the opening and closing daily balances in the Loan Account of the Borrowers during such month, the amounts and dates of all Loans made to the Borrowers during such
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month, the amounts and dates of all payments on account of the Loans to the Borrowers during such month and the Loans to which such payments were applied, the amount of interest accrued on the Loans to the Borrowers during such month, and the amount and nature of any charges to the Loan Account made during such month on account of fees, commissions, expenses and other Obligations. All entries on any such statement shall be presumed to be correct and, 30 days after the same is sent, shall be final and conclusive absent manifest error.
Section 1.02Sharing of Payments. Except as provided in Section 2.02, if any Lender shall obtain any payment (whether voluntary, involuntary, through the exercise of any right of set-off or otherwise) on account of any Obligation in excess of its ratable share of payments on account of similar obligations obtained by all the Lenders, such Lender shall forthwith purchase from the other Lenders such participations in such similar obligations held by them as shall be necessary to cause such purchasing Lender to share the excess payment ratably with each of them; provided, however, that (a) if all or any portion of such excess payment is thereafter recovered from such purchasing Lender, such purchase from each Lender shall be rescinded and each Lender shall repay to the purchasing Lender the purchase price to the extent of such recovery together with an amount equal to such Lender’s ratable share (according to the proportion of (i) the amount of such Lender’s required repayment to (ii) the total amount so recovered from the purchasing Lender) of any interest or other amount paid by the purchasing Lender in respect of the total amount so recovered, and (b) the provisions of this Section shall not be construed to apply to (i) any payment made by the Borrowers pursuant to and in accordance with the express terms of this Agreement (including the application of funds arising from the existence of a Defaulting Lender and any payment of an amendment, consent or waiver fee to consenting Lenders pursuant to an effective amendment, consent or waiver with respect to this Agreement), or (ii) any payment obtained by a Lender as consideration for the assignment of or sale of a participation in any of its Loans, other than to any Loan Party or any Subsidiary thereof (as to which the provisions of this Section shall apply). The Borrowers agree that any Lender so purchasing a participation from another Lender pursuant to this Section may, to the fullest extent permitted by law, exercise all of its rights (including the Lender’s right of set-off) with respect to such participation as fully as if such Lender were the direct creditor of the Borrowers in the amount of such participation.
Section 1.03Apportionment of Payments. Subject to Section 2.02 hereof:
(a)All payments of principal and interest in respect of outstanding Loans, all payments of fees (other than the fees set forth in Section 2.06 hereof) and all other payments in respect of any other Obligations, shall be allocated by the Administrative Agent among such of the Lenders as are entitled thereto, in proportion to their respective Pro Rata Shares or otherwise as provided herein or, in respect of payments not made on account of Loans, as designated by the Person making payment when the payment is made.
(b)After the occurrence and during the continuance of an Event of Default, the Administrative Agent may, and upon the direction of the Collateral Agent or the Required Lenders shall, apply all payments in respect of any Obligations, including without limitation, all proceeds of the Collateral, subject to the provisions of this Agreement, (i) first, ratably to pay the Obligations in respect of any fees, expense reimbursements, indemnities and other amounts then due and payable to the Agents until paid in full; (ii) second, to pay interest then due and payable in respect of the Collateral Agent Advances until paid in full; (iii) third, to pay principal of the Collateral Agent Advances until paid in full; (iv) fourth, ratably to pay the Obligations in respect of any fees (other than any Applicable Premium), expense reimbursements, indemnities and other amounts then due and payable to the Lenders until paid in full; (v) fifth, ratably to pay interest then due and payable in respect of the Loans until paid in full; (vi) sixth, ratably to pay principal of the Loans until paid in full; (vii) seventh, ratably to pay the Obligations in respect of any Applicable Premium then due and payable to the Lenders until paid in full; and (viii) eighth, to the ratable payment of all other Obligations then due and payable.
(c)For purposes of Section 4.03(b), “paid in full” means payment in cash of all amounts owing under the Loan Documents according to the terms thereof, including the Applicable Premium, loan fees, service fees, professional fees, interest (and specifically including interest accrued
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after the commencement of any Insolvency Proceeding), default interest, interest on interest, and expense reimbursements, whether or not the same would be or is allowed or disallowed in whole or in part in any Insolvency Proceeding.
(d)In the event of a direct conflict between the priority provisions of this Section 4.03 and other provisions contained in any other Loan Document, it is the intention of the parties hereto that both such priority provisions in such documents shall be read together and construed, to the fullest extent possible, to be in concert with each other. In the event of any actual, irreconcilable conflict that cannot be resolved as aforesaid, the terms and provisions of Section 4.03 shall control and govern.
Section 1.04Defaulting Lenders. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Agreement, if any Lender becomes a Defaulting Lender, then, until such time as such Lender is no longer a Defaulting Lender, to the extent permitted by applicable law:
(a)Such Defaulting Lender’s right to approve or disapprove any amendment, waiver or consent with respect to this Agreement shall be restricted as set forth in Section 12.02.
(b)The Administrative Agent shall not be obligated to transfer to such Defaulting Lender any payments made by any Borrower to the Administrative Agent for such Defaulting Lender’s benefit, and, in the absence of such transfer to such Defaulting Lender, the Administrative Agent shall transfer any such payments to each other non-Defaulting Lender ratably in accordance with their Pro Rata Shares (without giving effect to the Pro Rata Shares of such Defaulting Lender) (but only to the extent that such Defaulting Lender’s Loans were funded by the other Lenders) or, if so directed by the Administrative Borrower and if no Default or Event of Default has occurred and is continuing (and to the extent such Defaulting Lender’s Loans were not funded by the other Lenders), retain the same to be re-advanced to the Borrowers as if such Defaulting Lender had made such Loans to the Borrowers. Subject to the foregoing, the Administrative Agent may hold and, in its discretion, re-lend to the Borrowers for the account of such Defaulting Lender the amount of all such payments received and retained by the Administrative Agent for the account of such Defaulting Lender.
(c)Any such failure to fund by any Defaulting Lender shall constitute a material breach by such Defaulting Lender of this Agreement and shall entitle the Borrowers to replace the Defaulting Lender with one or more substitute Lenders, and the Defaulting Lender shall have no right to refuse to be replaced hereunder. Such notice to replace the Defaulting Lender shall specify an effective date for such replacement, which date shall not be later than 15 Business Days after the date such notice is given. Prior to the effective date of such replacement, the Defaulting Lender shall execute and deliver an Assignment and Acceptance, subject only to the Defaulting Lender being repaid its share of the outstanding Obligations without any premium or penalty of any kind whatsoever. If the Defaulting Lender shall refuse or fail to execute and deliver any such Assignment and Acceptance prior to the effective date of such replacement, the Defaulting Lender shall be deemed to have executed and delivered such Assignment and Acceptance. The replacement of any Defaulting Lender shall be made in accordance with the terms of Section 12.07.
(d)The operation of this Section shall not be construed to increase or otherwise affect the Commitments of any Lender, to relieve or excuse the performance by such Defaulting Lender or any other Lender of its duties and obligations hereunder, or to relieve or excuse the performance by any Borrower of its duties and obligations hereunder to the Administrative Agent or to the Lenders other than such Defaulting Lender.
(e)This Section shall remain effective with respect to such Lender until either (i) the Obligations under this Agreement shall have been declared or shall have become immediately due and payable or (ii) the non-Defaulting Lenders, the Agents, and the Borrowers shall have waived such Defaulting Lender’s default in writing, and the Defaulting Lender makes its Pro Rata Share of the applicable defaulted Loans and pays to the Agents all amounts owing by such Defaulting Lender in respect thereof; provided that no adjustments will be made retroactively with respect to fees accrued or payments made by or on behalf of the Borrowers while such Lender was a Defaulting Lender; provided, further, that except to the extent otherwise expressly agreed by the affected parties, no change
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hereunder from Defaulting Lender to Lender will constitute a waiver or release of any claim of any party hereunder arising from such Lender’s having been a Defaulting Lender.
Section 1.05Administrative Borrower; Joint and Several Liability of the Borrowers.
(a)Each Borrower hereby irrevocably appoints Spark Networks as the borrowing agent and attorney-in-fact for the Borrowers (the “Administrative Borrower”) which appointment shall remain in full force and effect unless and until the Agents shall have received prior written notice signed by all of the Borrowers that such appointment has been revoked and that another Borrower has been appointed Administrative Borrower. Each Borrower hereby irrevocably appoints and authorizes the Administrative Borrower (i) to provide to the Agents and receive from the Agents all notices with respect to Loans obtained for the benefit of any Borrower and all other notices and instructions under this Agreement and (ii) to take such action as the Administrative Borrower deems appropriate on its behalf to obtain Loans and to exercise such other powers as are reasonably incidental thereto to carry out the purposes of this Agreement. It is understood that the handling of the Loan Account and Collateral of the Borrowers in a combined fashion, as more fully set forth herein, is done solely as an accommodation to the Borrowers in order to utilize the collective borrowing powers of the Borrowers in the most efficient and economical manner and at their request, and that neither the Agents nor the Lenders shall incur liability to the Borrowers as a result hereof. Each Borrower expects to derive benefit, directly or indirectly, from the handling of the Loan Account and the Collateral in a combined fashion since the successful operation of each Borrower is dependent on the continued successful performance of the integrated group.
(b)Each Borrower hereby accepts joint and several liability hereunder and under the other Loan Documents in consideration of the financial accommodations to be provided by the Agents and the Lenders under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents, for the mutual benefit, directly and indirectly, of each of the Borrowers and in consideration of the undertakings of the other Borrowers to accept joint and several liability for the Obligations. Each of the Borrowers, jointly and severally, hereby irrevocably and unconditionally accepts, not merely as a surety, but also as a co-debtor, joint and several liability with the other Borrowers, with respect to the payment and performance of all of the Obligations (including, without limitation, any Obligations arising under this Section 4.05), it being the intention of the parties hereto that all of the Obligations shall be the joint and several obligations of each of the Borrowers without preferences or distinction among them. If and to the extent that any of the Borrowers shall fail to make any payment with respect to any of the Obligations as and when due or to perform any of the Obligations in accordance with the terms thereof, then in each such event, the other Borrowers will make such payment with respect to, or perform, such Obligation. Subject to the terms and conditions hereof, the Obligations of each of the Borrowers under the provisions of this Section 4.05 constitute the absolute and unconditional, full recourse Obligations of each of the Borrowers, enforceable against each such Person to the full extent of its properties and assets, irrespective of the validity, regularity or enforceability of this Agreement, the other Loan Documents or any other circumstances whatsoever.
(c)The provisions of this Section 4.05 are made for the benefit of the Agents, the Lenders and their successors and assigns, and may be enforced by them from time to time against any or all of the Borrowers as often as occasion therefor may arise and without requirement on the part of the Agents, the Lenders or such successors or assigns first to marshal any of its or their claims or to exercise any of its or their rights against any of the other Borrowers or to exhaust any remedies available to it or them against any of the other Borrowers or to resort to any other source or means of obtaining payment of any of the Obligations hereunder or to elect any other remedy. The provisions of this Section 4.05 shall remain in effect until all of the Obligations shall have been paid in full or otherwise fully satisfied.
(d)Each of the Borrowers hereby agrees that it will not enforce any of its rights of contribution or subrogation against the other Borrowers with respect to any liability incurred by it hereunder or under any of the other Loan Documents, any payments made by it to the Agents or the Lenders with respect to any of the Obligations or any Collateral, until such time as all of the Obligations have been paid in full in cash. Any claim which any Borrower may have against any other Borrower with respect to any payments to the Agents or the Lenders hereunder or under any other Loan Documents are
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hereby expressly made subordinate and junior in right of payment, without limitation as to any increases in the Obligations arising hereunder or thereunder, to the prior payment in full in cash of the Obligations.
Article V

CONDITIONS TO LOANS
Section 1.01Conditions Precedent to Effectiveness. This Agreement shall become effective as of the Business Day (the “Effective Date”) when each of the following conditions precedent shall have been satisfied in a manner satisfactory to the Agents:
(a)Payment of Fees, Etc. The Borrowers shall have paid on or before the Effective Date all fees, costs, expenses and taxes then payable pursuant to Section 2.06 and Section 12.04.
(b)Representations and Warranties; No Event of Default. The following statements shall be true and correct: (i) the representations and warranties contained in Article VI and in each other Loan Document, certificate or other writing delivered to any Secured Party pursuant hereto or thereto on or prior to the Effective Date are true and correct in all material respects (except that such materiality qualifier shall not be applicable to any representations or warranties that already are qualified or modified as to materiality or “Material Adverse Effect” in the text thereof, which representations and warranties shall be true and correct in all respects subject to such qualification) on and as of the Effective Date as though made on and as of such date, except to the extent that any such representation or warranty expressly relates solely to an earlier date (in which case such representation or warranty shall be true and correct in all material respects (except that such materiality qualifier shall not be applicable to any representations or warranties that already are qualified or modified as to materiality of “Material Adverse Effect” in the text thereof, which representations and warranties shall be true and correct in all respects subject to such qualification) on and as of such earlier date) and (ii) no Default or Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing on the Effective Date or would result from this Agreement or the other Loan Documents becoming effective in accordance with its or their respective terms.
(c)Legality. The making of the initial Loans shall not contravene any law, rule or regulation applicable to any Secured Party.
(d)Delivery of Documents. The Collateral Agent shall have received on or before the Effective Date the following, each in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Collateral Agent and, unless indicated otherwise, dated the Effective Date and, if applicable, duly executed by the Persons party thereto:
(i)a Security Agreement, together with (unless otherwise stated in Section 5.02) the original stock certificates representing all of the Equity Interests and all promissory notes required to be pledged thereunder, accompanied by undated stock powers executed in blank and other proper instruments of transfer;
(ii)a UCC Filing Authorization Letter, together with evidence reasonably satisfactory to the Collateral Agent of the filing of appropriate financing statements on Form UCC-1 in such office or offices as may be necessary or, in the opinion of the Collateral Agent, desirable to perfect the security interests purported to be created by each Security Agreement;
(iii)the results of searches for any effective UCC financing statements, tax Liens or judgment Liens filed against any Loan Party or its property, which results shall not show any such Liens (other than Permitted Liens);
(iv)the Disbursement Letter;
(v)the Fee Letter;
(vi)the Intercompany Subordination Agreement;
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(vii)Trademark Security Agreement;
(viii)Patent Security Agreement;
(ix)the English Security Documents, duly executed by all parties thereto, together with (i) all share certificates, transfers and stock transfer forms or equivalent duly executed in blank in relation to the assets subject to or expressed to be subject to the English Security Documents and other documents of title or documents required for the legality, validity and/or enforceability of the Lien granted thereby and required to be provided thereunder, (ii) a copy of the register of members of any English Loan Party whose shares are subject of the Collateral and (iii) duly executed notices of assignment and/or charge required to be sent under and pursuant to the terms of any English Security Document;
(x)the German Security Documents;
(xi)the management rights letter, dated as of the date hereof, among the Loan Parties and the Agents, as amended, amended and restated, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time (the “VCOC Management Rights Agreement”);
(xii)a Perfection Certificate;
(xiii)a certificate of an Authorized Officer of each Loan Party, certifying (A) with respect to such Loan Party (other than an English Loan Party or a German Loan Party) as to copies of the Governing Documents of such Loan Party, together with all amendments thereto (including, without limitation, a true and complete copy of the charter, certificate of formation, certificate of limited partnership or other publicly filed organizational document of each Loan Party certified as of a recent date not more than 30 days prior to the Effective Date by an appropriate official of the jurisdiction of organization of such Loan Party which shall set forth the same complete name of such Loan Party as is set forth herein and the organizational number of such Loan Party, if an organizational number is issued in such jurisdiction), (B) as to a copy of the resolutions or written consents of such Loan Party authorizing (1) the borrowings hereunder and the transactions contemplated by the Loan Documents to which such Loan Party is or will be a party, and (2) the execution, delivery and performance by such Loan Party of each Loan Document to which such Loan Party is or will be a party and the execution and delivery of the other documents to be delivered by such Person in connection herewith and therewith, (C) the names and true signatures of the representatives of such Loan Party authorized to sign each Loan Document (in the case of a Borrower, including, without limitation, Notices of Borrowing, LIBOR Notices and all other notices under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents) to which such Loan Party is or will be a party and the other documents to be executed and delivered by such Loan Party in connection herewith and therewith, together with evidence of the incumbency of such authorized officers and (D) as to the matters set forth in Section 5.01(b);
(xiv)A certificate of a director of each English Loan Party certifying: (A) a copy of its constitutional documents; (B) a copy of a resolution of its board of directors (1) approving the terms of, and the transactions contemplated by, the Loan Documents to which it is a party and resolving that it execute, deliver and perform the Loan Documents to which it is a party; (2) authorizing a specified person or persons to execute the Loan Documents to which it is a party on its behalf; and (3) authorizing a specified person or persons, on its behalf, to sign and/or dispatch all documents and notices to be signed and/or dispatched by it under or in connection with the Loan Documents to which it is a party, (C) a specimen of the signature of each person authorized by the resolution referred to in paragraph (B) above in relation to the Loan Documents and related documents; (D) a copy of a resolution signed by all the holders of the issued shares in that English Loan Party, approving the terms of, and the transactions contemplated by, the Loan Documents to which it is a party; (E) that guaranteeing and/or securing (as appropriate) the Obligations would not cause any guarantee, security or similar limit binding on it to be exceeded; (F) a copy of the register of members of each
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English company whose shares will be charged pursuant to the English Security Documents; (G) that in respect of any shares in an English company whose shares will be charged pursuant to the English Security Documents either: (1) (x) any notice received in respect of such shares has been complied with within the relevant timeframe pursuant to Part 21A of the Companies Act 2006; and (y) no "warning notice" or "restrictions notice" (in each case as defined in Schedule 1B of the Companies Act 2006) has been issued in respect of those shares, together with a copy of the relevant "PSC register" (within the meaning of section 790C(10) of the Companies Act 2006); or (2) such company is not required to comply with Part 21A of the Companies Act 2006;
(xv)with respect to any English Loan Party whose shares are the subject of the Collateral either: (A) a certificate of an authorised signatory of that English Loan Party certifying that: (1) any notice received has been complied with within the relevant timeframe pursuant to Part 21A of the Companies Act 2006; and (2) no “warning notice” or “restrictions notice” (in each case as defined in Schedule 1B of the Companies Act 2006) has been issued in respect of those shares, together with a copy of the “PSC register” (within the meaning of section 790C(10) of the Companies Act 2006) of that English Loan Party which is certified by an authorised signatory of that English Loan Party to be correct, complete and not amended or superseded as at a date no earlier than the date of that certificate; or (B) a certificate of that English Loan Party certifying that it is not required to comply with Part 21A of the Companies Act 2006;
(xvi)a certificate of an Authorized Officer with respect to a German Loan Party certifying (A) a copy of its constitutional documents (including up-to-date electronic commercial register extracts (elektronischer Handelsregisterauszug), its articles of association (Satzung) or partnership agreement (Gesellschaftsvertrag) (as applicable), copies of any by-laws (if applicable) as well as a list of shareholders (Gesellschafterliste) (if applicable), (B) (if applicable) a copy of an administrative (Verwaltungsrat), its supervisory board (Aufsichtsrat) and/or any advisory board (Beirat) (1) approving the terms of, and the transactions contemplated by, the Loan Documents to which it is a party and resolving that it execute, deliver and perform the Loan Documents to which it is a party, (2) authorizing a specified person or persons to execute the Loan Documents to which it is a party on its behalf; and (3) authorizing a specified person or persons, on its behalf, to sign and/or dispatch all documents and notices to be signed and/or dispatched by it under or in connection with the Loan Documents to which it is a party; (C) a specimen of the signature of each person authorized by the resolution referred to in clause (B) above in relation to the Loan Documents and related documents, (D) a copy of a resolution signed by all the holders of the issued shares in each German Loan Party (other than the Parent), approving the terms of, and the transactions contemplated by, the Loan Documents to which the German Loan Party is a party; and (E) that each copy document relating to it specified in this clause (xvi) is correct, complete and in full force and effect and has not been amended or superseded as at a date no earlier than the Effective Date.
(xvii)a certificate of the chief financial officer of the Parent (A) certifying that all income and other material Tax returns and other reports required by applicable Requirements of Law to be filed by any Loan Party have been timely filed and all income and other material Taxes imposed upon any Loan Party or any property of any Loan Party which have become due and payable on or prior to the date hereof have been paid, (B) certifying as to the compliance of the Financial Statements and the Projections with representations and warranties set forth in Sections 6.01(g)(i) and 6.01(cc)(ii) and (C) certifying that after giving effect to all Loans to be made on the Effective Date and the repayment of the Existing Credit Facility, the Liquidity is not less than $15,000,000;
(xviii)a certificate of the chief financial officer of the Parent, certifying that the Parent and its Subsidiaries (on a consolidated basis), after giving effect to the Loans made on the Effective Date, are Solvent;
(xix)a certificate of an Authorized Officer of the Administrative Borrower certifying that (A) the attached copies of each of the Material Contracts, each as in effect on the Effective Date are true, complete and correct copies thereof and (B) such agreements remain in full force
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and effect and that none of the Loan Parties has breached or defaulted any of its obligations under such agreements in any material respect;
(xx)a certificate of the appropriate official(s) of the jurisdiction of organization certifying as of a recent date not more than 30 days prior to the Effective Date as to the subsistence in good standing of, and the payment of taxes by, such Loan Party (other than a German Loan Party, which shall be provided to the extent available) in such jurisdictions;
(xxi)(A) an opinion of Morrison & Foerster LLP, Delaware, New York and German counsel to the Loan Parties (with respect to the German Loan Parties, solely with respect to capacity to enter into the Loan Documents), (B) an opinion of Parsons Behle & Latimer, Utah counsel to the Loan Parties, each as to such matters as the Collateral Agent may reasonably request, (C) an opinion of Noerr Partnerschaftsgesellschaft mbB, German counsel to the Agents and the Lenders (with respect to the validity and enforceability of the German Security Documents), and (D) an opinion of Proskauer Rose (UK) LLP, English counsel to the Administrative Agent and Collateral Agent and the Lenders;
(xxii)certificates of insurance that evidence the insurance coverage required by Section 7.01, the terms of each Security Agreement, each Foreign Security Document and such other insurance coverage with respect to the business and operations of the Loan Parties as the Collateral Agent may reasonably request;
(xxiii)evidence of the payment in full of all Indebtedness under the Existing Credit Facility, together with (A) a termination and release agreement with respect to the Existing Credit Facility and all related documents, duly executed by the Loan Parties and the Existing Lenders, (B) release of German Security Documents, (C) a termination of security interest in Intellectual Property for each assignment for security recorded by the Existing Lenders at the United States Patent and Trademark Office or the United States Copyright Office and covering any Intellectual Property of the Loan Parties that constitutes Collateral, and (D) UCC 3 termination statements for all UCC-1 financing statements filed by the Existing Lenders and covering any portion of the Collateral; and
(xxiv)evidence satisfactory to the Agents that a Process Agent has been properly appointed by each Loan Party in accordance with Section 12.10(b).
(e)Material Adverse Effect. The Collateral Agent shall have determined, in its reasonable judgment, that no event or development shall have occurred since December 31, 2021 which could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.
(f)Approvals. All consents, authorizations and approvals of, and filings and registrations with, and all other actions in respect of, any Governmental Authority or other Person required in connection with the making of the Loans, or the conduct of the Loan Parties’ business, or the consummation of any of the underlying transactions, shall have been obtained and shall be in full force and effect.
(g)Management Reference Checks. The Collateral Agent shall have received satisfactory reference checks for key management of each Loan Party.
(h)Due Diligence. The Agents shall have completed their business, legal and collateral due diligence with respect to each Loan Party (including, without limitation, (A) receipt of an accounting review performed by a third party firm reasonably acceptable to the Agents with respect to the Loan Parties’ Consolidated EBITDA (which shall confirm Consolidated EBITDA of the Loan Parties calculated on a Pro Forma Basis for the last twelve months is no less than $29,000,000), (B) a diligence meeting with the Loan Parties’ management, (C) industry expert diligence calls and (D) receipt of IT diligence performed by a third party commissioned by the Agents) and the results thereof shall be reasonably acceptable to the Agents.
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(i)Security Interests. The Loan Documents shall create in favor of the Collateral Agent, for the benefit of the Secured Parties, a legal, valid and enforceable first priority security interest in the Collateral secured thereby (subject only to Permitted Liens).
(j)Litigation. There shall exist no claim, action, suit, investigation, litigation or proceeding (including, without limitation, shareholder or derivative litigation) pending or, to the knowledge of the Borrowers, threatened in any court or before any arbitrator or Governmental Authority which relates to the Loans or which, in the opinion of the Collateral Agent, would reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.
(k)Notice of Borrowing. The Administrative Agent shall have received a Notice of Borrowing pursuant to Section 2.02.
(l)Know Your Customer Compliance. The Agents and the Lenders shall have each received a W-9 and all documentation and other information reasonably requested at least ten (10) Business Days prior to the Effective Date that is required by regulatory authorities with respect to the Loan Parties under applicable “know your customer” and anti-money laundering rules and regulations, including, without limitation, the PATRIOT Act, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Agents and the Lenders.
Section 1.02Conditions Subsequent to Effectiveness. As an accommodation to the Loan Parties, the Agents and the Lenders have agreed to execute this Agreement and to make the Loans on the Effective Date notwithstanding the failure by the Loan Parties to satisfy the conditions set forth below on or before the Effective Date. In consideration of such accommodation, the Loan Parties agree that, in addition to all other terms, conditions and provisions set forth in this Agreement and the other Loan Documents, including, without limitation, those conditions set forth in Section 5.01, the Loan Parties shall satisfy each of the conditions subsequent set forth below on or before the date applicable thereto (it being understood that (i) the failure by the Loan Parties to perform or cause to be performed any such condition subsequent on or before the date applicable thereto shall constitute an Event of Default and (ii) to the extent that the existence of any such condition subsequent would otherwise cause any representation, warranty or covenant in this Agreement or any other Loan Document to be breached, the Required Lenders hereby waive such breach for the period from the Effective Date until the date on which such condition subsequent is required to be fulfilled pursuant to this Section 5.02):
(a)On or prior to the date that is ten (10) days following the Effective Date (or such later date as agreed to in writing by the Collateral Agent in its sole discretion), the Loan Parties shall deliver to the Agents the original stock certificates representing all of the Equity Interests required to be pledged under the Security Agreement, English Share Charge or German Pledge Agreement, as applicable, accompanied by undated stock powers executed in blank;
(b)On or prior to the date that is ten (10) days following the Effective Date (or such later date as agreed to in writing by the Collateral Agent in its sole discretion), the Loan Parties shall  provide to the Administrative Agent evidence, reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent, of the delivery of (i) notices to each of the Junior Creditors (as defined in the  Deferred Merger Payment Subordination Agreement) reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent that (x) the proceeds of the Term Loan have been applied to refinance in full all of the indebtedness under the Existing Credit Facility, (y) the Obligations constitute Senior Indebtedness (as defined in the Deferred Merger Payment Subordination Agreement), and (z) the Lenders are the Lenders (as defined in the Deferred Merger Payment Subordination Agreement) and Administrative Agent is the Administrative Agent (as defined in the Deferred Merger Payment Subordination Agreement) and (ii) an agreement, executed by the Administrative Agent (which will be delivered by the Administrative Agent to the Loan Parties on the Effective Date) to comply with the terms of the Deferred Merger Payment Subordination Agreement applicable to the Administrative Agent (as defined in the Deferred Merger Payment Subordination Agreement).
(c)On or prior to the date that is ten (10) days following the Effective Date (or such later date as agreed to in writing by the Collateral Agent in its sole discretion), the Loan Parties shall  provide to the Administrative Agent evidence, reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent,
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that Zoosk and Spark Networks USA, LLC have satisfied the sales tax liabilities to the State of New York for the period from December 2017 through August 2020.
(d)On or prior to the date that is twenty (20) days following the Effective Date (or such later date as agreed to in writing by the Collateral Agent in its sole discretion), the Loan Parties shall amend the Governing Documents (and deliver such amendments to the Collateral Agent) of LOV USA, LLC, Spark Networks USA, LLC, MingleMatch, Inc., Smooch Labs, Inc., and Zoosk to (i) include provisions requiring the Equity Interests of such entities to be certificated, (ii) include provisions permitting a member to pledge all of its right, title and interest (including all management, voting and economic rights) in and to Equity Interests of such entities, and (iii) to eliminate transfer restrictions; in each case in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Agents;
(e)On or prior to the date that is sixty (60) days following the Effective Date (or such later date as agreed to in writing by the Collateral Agent in its sole discretion), the Loan Parties shall obtain and deliver to the Collateral Agent Control Agreements (or equivalent documentation to the extent required under any applicable Foreign Security Document for accounts located outside the U.S.) for each Cash Management Account owned by any Loan Party (in each case, other than Excluded Accounts), each duly executed by, in addition to the applicable Loan Party, the applicable financial institution.
(f)On or prior to the date that is:
(i)ninety (90) days following the Effective Date (or such later date as agreed to in writing by the Collateral Agent in its sole discretion), (a) the Loan Parties shall deliver the Assignment of Business Interruption/Cyber Insurance Policy, duly executed by the applicable Loan Party; and (b) the Loan Parties shall cause to be delivered (1) customary insurance certificates naming the Collateral Agent, on behalf of the Secured Parties, as additional insured and/or lender’s loss payee, as applicable, with respect to the Loan Parties’ insurance policies maintained in Germany (to the extent required to be maintained pursuant to Section 7.01 hereof) (the “German Insurance Policies”) and (2) lender’s loss payable, additional insured and notice of cancellation endorsements, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Collateral Agent, with respect to such German Insurance policies, naming the Collateral Agent as a lender’s loss payee on each such property insurance policy and as an additional insured on each such liability insurance policy, in each case as are required by Section 7.01 of this Agreement; and
(ii)thirty (30) days following the Effective Date (or such later date as agreed to in writing by the Collateral Agent in its sole discretion), the Loan Parties shall cause to be delivered insurance endorsements as to additional insureds or lender’s loss payees under the Loan Parties’ insurance policies as the Collateral Agent may reasonably request and providing that such policy may be terminated or cancelled (by the insurer or the insured thereunder) only upon 30 days’ prior written notice to the Collateral Agent and each such additional insured or lender’s loss payee; each in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Collateral Agent, with respect to each insurance policy of the Loan Parties maintained in the United States in each case as are required by Section 7.01 of this Agreement.
(g)On or prior to the date that is ninety (90) days following the Effective Date (or such later date as agreed to in writing by the Collateral Agent in its sole discretion), the Loan Parties shall use commercially reasonable efforts to obtain and deliver to the Collateral Agent, landlord waivers, in form and substance, reasonably satisfactory to the Collateral Agent (which may be included as provisions contained in the relevant Lease), executed by each landlord with respect to the headquarter locations of each of the Loan Parties.
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(h)On or prior to the date that is ninety (90) days following the Effective Date (or such later date as agreed to in writing by the Collateral Agent in its sole discretion), the Loan Parties shall deliver to the Administrative Agent an updated Schedule 6.01(j) to the Financing Agreement indicating any unpaid amounts and the status of each item.
Article VI

REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES
Section 1.01Representations and Warranties. Each Loan Party hereby represents and warrants to the Secured Parties as follows:
(a)Organization, Good Standing, Etc. Each Loan Party (i) is a corporation, limited liability company or limited partnership duly organized, validly existing and in good standing under the laws of the state or jurisdiction of its organization, (ii) has all requisite power and authority to conduct its business as now conducted and as presently contemplated and, in the case of the Borrowers, to make the borrowings hereunder, and to execute and deliver each Loan Document to which it is a party, and to consummate the transactions contemplated thereby, and (iii) is duly qualified to do business and is in good standing in each jurisdiction in which the character of the properties owned or leased by it or in which the transaction of its business makes such qualification necessary, except (solely for the purposes of this subclause (iii)) where the failure to be so qualified and in good standing could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.
(b)Authorization, Etc. The execution, delivery and performance by each Loan Party of each Loan Document to which it is or will be a party, (i) have been duly authorized by all necessary action, (ii) do not and will not contravene (A) any of its Governing Documents, (B) any applicable material Requirements of Law or (C) any Material Contract binding on or otherwise affecting it or any of its properties, (iii) do not and will not result in or require the creation of any Lien (other than pursuant to any Loan Document) upon or with respect to any of its properties, and (iv) do not and will not result in any default, noncompliance, suspension, revocation, impairment, forfeiture or nonrenewal of any permit, license, authorization or approval applicable to its operations or any of its properties, except, in the case of clause (iv), to the extent where such contravention, default, noncompliance, suspension, revocation, impairment, forfeiture or nonrenewal could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.
(c)Governmental Approvals. No authorization or approval or other action by, and no notice to or filing with, any Governmental Authority is required in connection with the due execution, delivery and performance by any Loan Party of any Loan Document to which it is or will be a party other than (A) filings and recordings with respect to Collateral to be made, or otherwise delivered to the Collateral Agent for filing or recordation (including in respect of the English Loan Party and the English Debenture, filings with the Registrar of Companies at Companies House and, if required, HM Land Registry), on the Effective Date or promptly after and (B) authorizations or approvals that have been obtained or made and are in full force and effect.
(d)Enforceability of Loan Documents. This Agreement is, and each other Loan Document to which any Loan Party is or will be a party, when delivered hereunder, will be, a legal, valid and binding obligation of such Loan Party, enforceable against such Loan Party in accordance with its terms, except as enforceability may be limited by applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium or other similar laws affecting the enforcement of creditors’ rights generally and by general principles of equity, and for the avoidance of doubt in the case of the English Loan Parties and the English Security Documents, subject to the Legal Reservations.
(e)Capitalization. On the Effective Date, after giving effect to the transactions contemplated hereby to occur on the Effective Date, issued and outstanding Equity Interests of each of the Subsidiaries of Parent are as set forth on Schedule 6.01(e) hereto. All of the issued and outstanding shares of Equity Interests of the Loan Parties have been validly issued and are fully paid and nonassessable, and the holders thereof are not entitled to any preemptive, first refusal or other similar
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rights. All Equity Interests of such Loan Parties are owned, directly or indirectly, by the Parent free and clear of all Liens (other than Permitted Specified Liens). Except as described on Schedule 6.01(e) hereto, there are no outstanding debt or equity securities of any of the Loan Parties and no outstanding obligations of any of the Loan Parties convertible into or exchangeable for, or warrants, options or other rights for the purchase or acquisition from any of the Loan Parties, or other obligations of the Loan Parties to issue, directly or indirectly, any shares of the Loan Parties.
(f)Litigation. Except as set forth in Schedule 6.01(f) hereto, there is no pending or, to the knowledge of any Loan Party, threatened action, suit or proceeding affecting any Loan Party or any of its properties before any court or other Governmental Authority or any arbitrator that (i) if adversely determined, could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect or (ii) relates to this Agreement or any other Loan Document or any transaction contemplated hereby or thereby.
(g)Financial Statements.
(i)The Financial Statements, copies of which have been delivered to each Agent and each Lender, fairly present the consolidated financial condition of the Parent and its Subsidiaries as at the respective dates thereof and the consolidated results of operations of the Parent and its Subsidiaries for the fiscal periods ended on such respective dates, all in accordance with GAAP. All material indebtedness and other liabilities (including, without limitation, Indebtedness, liabilities for taxes, long-term leases and other unusual forward or long-term commitments), direct or contingent, of the Parent and its Subsidiaries incurred prior to the date of the Financial Statements are set forth in the Financial Statements (or if incurred after the date of the Financial Statements, are set forth on Schedule 6.01(g)). Since December 31, 2021 no event or development has occurred that has had or could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.
(ii)The Parent has heretofore furnished to each Agent and each Lender projected annual balance sheets, income statements and statements of cash flows of the Parent and its Subsidiaries for the Fiscal Years ending in 2022 through 2026, which projected financial statements shall be updated from time to time pursuant to Section 7.01(a)(vi).
(h)Compliance with Law, Etc. No Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries is in violation of (i) any of its Governing Documents, (ii) any material Requirements of Law or (iii) any material term of any Material Contract binding on or otherwise affecting it or any of its properties and no default or event of default has occurred and is continuing thereunder.
(i)ERISA. Except as set forth on Schedule 6.01(i) hereto, (i) each Loan Party and each Employee Plan (and each related trust, insurance contract or fund, if any) is in compliance with all Requirements of Law in all material respects, (ii) no ERISA Event has occurred nor is reasonably expected to occur, (iii) the most recent annual report (Form 5500 Series) with respect to each Employee Plan and each Pension Plan, including, for purposes of any Pension Plan, any required Schedule B (Actuarial Information) thereto, copies of which have been filed with the Internal Revenue Service and delivered to the Agents, is complete and correct and, for purposes of any Pension Plan, fairly presents the funding status of such Pension Plan, and since the date of such report, there has been no material adverse change in such funding status, (iv) copies of each agreement entered into with the PBGC, the U.S. Department of Labor or the Internal Revenue Service with respect to any Employee Plan or Pension Plan have been delivered to the Agents, and (v) each Employee Plan that is intended to be a qualified plan under Section 401(a) of the Internal Revenue Code has been determined by the Internal Revenue Service to be qualified under Section 401(a) of the Internal Revenue Code and the trust related thereto is exempt from federal income tax under Section 501(a) of the Internal Revenue Code, and has received a favorable determination, advisory or opinion letter from the Internal Revenue Service regarding its qualification thereunder, and to the knowledge of the Loan Parties no event has occurred that would reasonably be expected to result in the disqualification of any such Employee Benefit Plan or related trust. No Loan Party or any of its ERISA Affiliates has incurred any material liability to the PBGC which remains outstanding other than the payment of premiums, and there are no premium payments which have become due which are unpaid. There are no pending or, to the knowledge of the Loan Parties, threatened claims, actions, proceedings or lawsuits (other than claims for benefits in the normal course) asserted or instituted against (A) any Employee Plan or its assets, (B) any fiduciary with respect to any Employee Plan, or (C)
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any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries with respect to any Employee Plan. Except as required by Section 4980B of the Internal Revenue Code or similar state law or other statutory requirement, no Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries maintains an employee welfare benefit plan (as defined in Section 3(1) of ERISA) that provides health benefits (through the purchase of insurance or otherwise) for any retired or former employee of any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries or otherwise has any obligation to provide any such benefits for any current employee after such employee’s termination of employment. Each arrangement pursuant to which a Loan Party has an obligation to pay or accrue nonqualified deferred compensation (within the meaning of Section 409A of the Internal Revenue Code) has, in all material respects, been administered in accordance with plan documents that satisfy the requirements of Section 409A of the Internal Revenue Code.
(j)Taxes, Etc. Except as set forth in Schedule 6.01(j), (i) All Tax returns and other reports required by applicable Requirements of Law to be filed by any Loan Party have been timely filed and (ii) all Taxes imposed upon any Loan Party or any property of any Loan Party which have become due and payable on or prior to the date hereof have been paid, except Taxes contested in good faith by proper proceedings which stay the imposition of any Lien resulting from the non-payment thereof and with respect to which adequate reserves have been set aside for the payment thereof on the Financial Statements in accordance with GAAP.
(k)Regulations T, U and X. No Loan Party is or will be engaged in the business of extending credit for the purpose of purchasing or carrying margin stock (within the meaning of Regulation T, U or X), and no proceeds of any Loan will be used to purchase or carry any margin stock or to extend credit to others for the purpose of purchasing or carrying any margin stock or for any purpose that violates, or is inconsistent with, the provisions of Regulation T, U and X.
(l)Nature of Business.
(i)No Loan Party is engaged in any business other than as set forth on Schedule 6.01(l) hereto.
(ii)The Parent does not have any material liabilities (other than liabilities arising under the Loan Documents and liabilities under the Zoosk Acquisition Agreement, including the Deferred Merger Payment), own any material assets (other than the Equity Interests of its Subsidiaries) or engage in any operations or business (other than the ownership of its Subsidiaries); provided that Parent engages in those activities that are incidental to (A) the maintenance of its existence in compliance with applicable law, (B) legal, tax and accounting matters in connection with any of the foregoing or following activities, (C) the performance of obligations under and compliance with its Governing Documents or any applicable law, ordinance, regulation, rule, order, judgment, decree or permit, including as a result of or in connection with the activities of its Subsidiaries and (D) the incurrence and payment of its operating and business expenses and any taxes for which it may be liable.
(m)Adverse Agreements, Etc. No Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries is a party to any Contractual Obligation or subject to any restriction or limitation in any Governing Document or any judgment, order, regulation, ruling or other requirement of a court or other Governmental Authority, which (either individually or in the aggregate) has, or in the future could reasonably be expected (either individually or in the aggregate) to have, a Material Adverse Effect.
(n)Permits, Etc. Each Loan Party has, and is in compliance with, all permits, governmental or regulatory licenses, authorizations, approvals, entitlements and accreditations, including Environmental Permits, required for such Person lawfully to own, lease, manage or operate, or to acquire, each business and Facility currently owned, leased, managed or operated, or to be acquired, by such Person, except to the extent the failure to have or be in compliance therewith could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect. No condition exists or event has occurred which, in itself or with the giving of notice or lapse of time or both, would result in the suspension, revocation, impairment, forfeiture or non-renewal of any such permit, governmental or regulatory license, authorization, approval, entitlement or accreditation, including any such Environmental Permit, the loss of which could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect, and there is no claim that any of the foregoing is not in full force and effect.
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(o)Properties. Each Loan Party has good and marketable title to, valid leasehold interests in, or valid governmental or regulatory licenses to use, all property and assets material to its business, free and clear of all Liens, except Permitted Liens. All such properties and assets are in good working order and condition, ordinary wear and tear excepted.
(p)Employee and Labor Matters. Except as set forth on Schedule 6.01(p), (i) each Loan Party and its Subsidiaries is in compliance with all Requirements of Law in all material respects pertaining to employment and employment practices, terms and conditions of employment, wages and hours, and occupational safety and health, (ii) no Loan Party or any Subsidiary is party to any collective bargaining agreement, nor has any labor union been recognized as the representative of the employees of any Loan Party of Subsidiary, (iii) there is no unfair labor practice complaint pending or, to the best knowledge of any Loan Party, threatened against any Loan Party or any Subsidiary before any Governmental Authority and no grievance or arbitration proceeding pending or threatened against any Loan Party or any Subsidiary which arises out of or under any collective bargaining agreement, (iv) there has been no strike, work stoppage, slowdown, lockout, or other labor dispute pending or threatened against any Loan Party or any Subsidiary, and (v) to the best knowledge of each Loan Party, no labor organization or group of employees has made a pending demand for recognition or certification, and there are no representation or certification proceedings or petitions seeking a representation proceeding presently pending or threatened to be brought or filed, with the National Labor Relations Board or any other labor relations tribunal or authority. No Loan Party or Subsidiary has incurred any liability or obligation under the Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act (“WARN”) or any similar Requirements of Law, which remains unpaid or unsatisfied. All payments due from any Loan Party or Subsidiary on account of wages and employee health and welfare insurance and other benefits have been paid or accrued as a liability on the books of such Loan Party or Subsidiary, except where the failure to do so could not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.
(q)Environmental Matters. Except as set forth on Schedule 6.01(q) hereto, (i) no Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries is in violation of any Environmental Law, (ii) each Loan Party and each of its Subsidiaries has, and is in compliance with, all Environmental Permits for its respective operations and businesses, except to the extent any failure to have or be in compliance therewith could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect; (iii) there has been no Release or threatened Release of Hazardous Materials on, in, at under or from any properties currently or formerly owned, leased or operated by any Loan Party, its Subsidiaries or a respective predecessor in interest or at any disposal or treatment facility which received Hazardous Materials generated by any Loan Party, its Subsidiaries or any respective predecessor in interest, which in any case of the foregoing could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect; (iv) there are no pending or threatened Environmental Claims against, or Environmental Liability of, any Loan Party, its Subsidiaries or any respective predecessor in interest that could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect; (v) neither any Loan Party nor any of its Subsidiaries is performing or responsible for any Remedial Action that could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect; and (vi) the Loan Parties have made available to the Collateral Agent and Lenders true and complete copies of all material environmental reports, audits and investigations in the possession or control of any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries with respect to the operations and business of the Loan Parties and its Subsidiaries.
(r)Insurance. Each Loan Party maintains all insurance required by Section 7.01(h). Schedule 6.01(r) sets forth a list of all such insurance maintained by or for the benefit of each Loan Party on the Effective Date.
(s)Use of Proceeds. The proceeds of the Loans shall be used to (a) refinance the Existing Credit Facility, (b) pay fees and expenses in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby and (c) fund general corporate and working capital purposes of the Loan Parties.
(t)Solvency. After giving effect to the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and before and after giving effect to each Loan, the Loan Parties on a consolidated basis are, Solvent. No transfer of property is being made by any Loan Party and no obligation is being incurred by any Loan Party in connection with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement or the other Loan Documents with the intent to hinder, delay or defraud either present or future creditors of such Loan Party.
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(u)Intellectual Property. Except as set forth on Schedule 6.01(u) hereto, each Loan Party owns or licenses or otherwise has the right to use all Intellectual Property rights that are necessary for the operation of its business, without infringement upon or conflict with the rights of any other Person with respect thereto, except for such infringements and conflicts which, individually or in the aggregate, could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect. Set forth on Schedule 6.01(u) hereto is a complete and accurate list as of the Effective Date of (i) each item of Registered Intellectual Property owned by each Loan Party, (ii) each work of authorship owned by each Loan Party which is not Registered Intellectual Property and which is material to the conduct of the business of the Loan Parties taken as a whole, and (iii) each material Intellectual Property Contract to which each Loan Party is bound that is material to the conduct of the business of the Loan Parties taken as a whole. To the knowledge of each Loan Party, no trademark or other advertising device, product, process, method, substance, part or other material now employed, or now contemplated to be employed, by any Loan Party infringes upon or conflicts with any rights owned by any other Person, and no claim or litigation regarding any of the foregoing is pending or threatened, except for such infringements and conflicts which could not reasonably be expected to have, individually or in the aggregate, a Material Adverse Effect.
(v)Material Contracts. Set forth on Schedule 6.01(v) hereto is a complete and accurate list as of the Effective Date of all Material Contracts of each Loan Party, showing the parties and subject matter thereof and amendments and modifications thereto. Each such Material Contract (i) is in full force and effect and is binding upon and enforceable against each Loan Party that is a party thereto and, to the best knowledge of such Loan Party, all other parties thereto in accordance with its terms (except to the extent such Material Contract has been replaced with a new Material Contract containing terms no less favorable to the Loan Parties than the Material Contract so replaced, in which case the representations contained herein shall apply to such replacement Material Contract), (ii) has not been otherwise amended or modified, except for amendments or modifications that could not reasonably be expected to be adverse to the interests of the Loan Parties or the Agents and the Lenders in any material respect, and (iii) is not in default due to the action of any Loan Party or, to the best knowledge of any Loan Party, any other party thereto, except to the extent that any such default could not reasonably be expected to be adverse to the interests of the Loan Parties or the Agents and the Lenders in any material respect.
(w)Investment Company Act. None of the Loan Parties is (i) an “investment company”, “affiliated person”, “promoter” of, or “principal underwriter” of or for, an “investment company”, as such terms are defined in the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, or (ii) subject to regulation under any Requirements of Law that limits in any respect its ability to incur Indebtedness or which may otherwise render all or a portion of the Obligations unenforceable.
(x)Customers and Suppliers. There exists no actual or threatened termination, cancellation or limitation of, or modification to or change in, the business relationship between (i) any Loan Party, on the one hand, and any customer or any group thereof, on the other hand, whose agreements with any Loan Party are individually or in the aggregate material to the business or operations of such Loan Party, or (ii) any Loan Party, on the one hand, and any supplier or any group thereof, on the other hand, whose agreements with any Loan Party are individually or in the aggregate material to the business or operations of such Loan Party, in each case to the extent that such termination, cancellation, limitation, modification or change could not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect; and to the knowledge of the Loan Parties, there exists no present state of facts or circumstances that could give rise to or result in any such termination, cancellation, limitation, modification or change.
(y)Credit Card Agreements. Set forth in Schedule 6.01(y) hereto is a correct and complete list of (i) all of the Credit Card Agreements existing as of the Effective Date between and/or among any Loan Party, any of its Affiliates, the Credit Card Issuers, the Credit Card Processors and any of their affiliates, and (ii) the term of such Credit Card Agreements. The Credit Card Agreements constitute all of such agreements necessary for each Loan Party to operate its business as presently conducted with respect to credit cards and debit cards. To the knowledge of each Loan Party, no default or event of default, or act, condition or event which after notice or passage of time or both, would constitute a default or an event of default under any of the Credit Card Agreements exists or has occurred
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and is continuing. Each Loan Party and, to each Loan Party’s knowledge, the other parties thereto, have complied in all material respects with the terms and conditions of the Credit Card Agreements to the extent necessary for such Loan Party to be entitled to receive all payments thereunder.
(z)Sanctions; Anti-Corruption and Anti-Money Laundering Laws. None of any Loan Party, any Subsidiary thereof, any of their respective directors, officers, or employees, shareholders or owners, nor, to the knowledge of any Loan Party, any of their respective agents or Affiliates, (i) is a Sanctioned Person or currently the subject or target of any Sanctions, (ii) has assets located in a Sanctioned Country, (iii) conducts any business with or for the benefit of any Sanctioned Person, (iv) directly or indirectly derives revenues from investments in, or transactions with, Sanctioned Persons, (v) is a “Foreign Shell Bank” within the meaning of the USA Patriot Act, i.e., a foreign bank that does not have a physical presence in any country and that is not affiliated with a bank that has a physical presence and an acceptable level of regulation and supervision, or (vi) is a Person that resides in or is organized under the laws of a jurisdiction designated by the United States Secretary of the Treasury under Section 311 or 312 of the USA Patriot Act as warranting special measures due to money laundering concerns. Each Loan Party and its Subsidiaries has implemented and maintains in effect policies and procedures designed to ensure compliance by each Loan Party and its Subsidiaries and their respective directors, officers, employees, agents and Affiliates with all Anti-Corruption Laws and Anti-Money Laundering Law. Each Loan Party and each Subsidiary is in compliance with all Sanctions, Anti-Money Laundering Laws and Anti-Corruption Laws. Each Loan Party and each Affiliate, officer, employee or director acting on behalf of any Loan Party is (and is taking no action that would result in any such Person not being) in compliance with (A) all applicable OFAC rules and regulations, (B) all applicable United States of America, United Kingdom, United Nations, European Union, German, Canadian, Australian and all other internationally respected national autonomous sanctions, embargos and trade restrictions and (C) all applicable provisions of the USA PATRIOT Act. In addition, no Loan Party or any Subsidiary is engaged in any kind of activities or business of or with any Person or in any country or territory that is subject to any sanctions administered by OFAC, the United Kingdom, the European Union, Germany, Canada, Australia or the United Nations. This clause (z) shall not apply (i) to any Loan Party to which the Council Regulation (EC) 2271/1996 applies in so far as it would result in a violation of or conflict with any provision of Council Regulation (EC) 2271/1996 and (ii) to any Loan Party, in each case, to which any other anti-boycott statute applies in so far as it would result in a violation of or conflict with any provision of such other anti-boycott statute, including section 7 of the German Foreign Trade Regulation (Außenwirtschaftsverordnung – AWV) in connection with the German Foreign Trade Law (Außenwirtschaftsgesetz)).
(aa)Anti-Bribery and Corruption.
(i)Neither any Loan Party nor, to the knowledge of any Loan Party, any director, officer, employee or any other Person acting on behalf of any Loan Party, has offered, promised, paid, given or authorized the payment or giving of any money or other thing of value, directly or indirectly, to or for the benefit of any Person, including, without limitation, any employee, official or other Person acting on behalf of any Governmental Authority, or otherwise engaged in any activity that may violate any Anti-Corruption Law.
(ii)Neither any Loan Party nor, to the knowledge of any Loan Party, any director, officer, employee or any other Person acting on behalf of any Loan Party, has engaged in any activity that would breach any Anti-Corruption Laws.
(iii)To each Loan Party’s knowledge and belief, there is no pending or, to the best knowledge of any Loan Party, threatened action, suit, proceeding or investigation before any court or other Governmental Authority against any Loan Party or any of its directors, officers, employees or other Person acting on its behalf that relates to a potential violation of any Anti-Corruption Laws, Anti-Money Laundering Laws or Sanctions.
(iv)The Loan Parties will not directly or indirectly use, lend or contribute the proceeds of the Loans for any purpose that would breach the Anti-Bribery and Corruption Laws.
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(ab)Technology Security Systems.
(i)Each Loan Party and each of its Subsidiaries has implemented and maintains commercially reasonable administrative, physical, and technical security measures and procedures designed to protect the confidentiality, integrity, and security of (A) its computers, computer systems, servers, hardware, software, websites, databases, networks, and all other information technology equipment and systems, including any hosted locations and other outsourced systems and processes (all of the foregoing in this clause (A), “Loan Party Systems”) and (B) all individually identifiable information, including protected health information and other sensitive and confidential information, accessed, collected, used, processed, stored, transferred or disclosed by or on behalf of any Loan Party or any Subsidiary of any Loan Party (all such data and information referred to in this clause (B), “Loan Party Data”), in all cases including from theft, destruction, corruption, loss or unauthorized use, access, interruption, deletion, alteration or modification by any Person. All Loan Party Systems are operational and have adequate backups and disaster recovery arrangements that are at least reasonable and at least consistent with, as protective as, and no less rigorous than, industry standards for companies and businesses of similar size in similar industries. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, each Loan Party and each of its Subsidiaries (x) maintains applicable equipment and software in physically secure premises, (y) utilizes industry-accepted virus and intrusion checking software and firewalls, and (z) limits access to Loan Party Data to only those employees and agents who need such access for the conduct of the business of the Loan Parties and their Subsidiaries.
(ii)To the knowledge of the Loan Parties, no Loan Party or any Subsidiary of any Loan Party has experienced any (A) material security incidents, data breaches, intrusions or unauthorized access, use or compromise of any of the Loan Party Systems, (B) material unauthorized collection, access, use, processing, loss, compromise, interruption, deletion, modification or disclosure of any Loan Party Data or trade secrets of any Loan Party or any Subsidiary of any Loan Party or (C) material cyber, social engineering, spoofing, phishing, ransom, viral or other attack, theft or intrusion that that has allowed an unauthorized Person to access, copy, encrypt or otherwise use any Loan Party Data (all of the foregoing clauses (A), (B) and (C), “Security Breaches”). Each Loan Party and each of its Subsidiaries is in material compliance with all Requirements of Laws regarding the privacy or security of all Loan Party Data. No Loan Party or any Subsidiary of any Loan Party has received or is aware of any notice, allegation, complaint or other communication, and to the knowledge of the Loan Parties there is no pending investigation by any Governmental Authority or other Person regarding any actual or possible violation of any Requirements of Laws regarding the privacy or security of any Loan Party Data.
(ac)Full Disclosure.
(i)Each Loan Party has disclosed to the Agents all agreements, instruments and corporate or other restrictions to which it is subject, and all other matters known to it, that, individually or in the aggregate, could reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect. None of the reports, financial statements, certificates or other information furnished by or on behalf of any Loan Party to the Agents (other than forward-looking information and projections and information of a general economic nature and general information about Borrowers’ industry) in connection with the negotiation of this Agreement or delivered hereunder (as modified or supplemented by other information so furnished) contains any material misstatement of fact or omits to state any material fact necessary to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which it was made, not misleading.
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(ii)Projections have been prepared on a reasonable basis and in good faith based on assumptions, estimates, methods and tests that are believed by the Loan Parties to be reasonable at the time such Projections were prepared and information believed by the Loan Parties to have been accurate based upon the information available to the Loan Parties at the time such Projections were furnished to the Lenders, and Parent is not be aware of any facts or information that would lead it to believe that such Projections are incorrect or misleading in any material respect; it being understood that (A) Projections are by their nature subject to significant uncertainties and contingencies, many of which are beyond the Loan Parties’ control, (B) actual results may differ materially from the Projections and such variations may be material and (C) the Projections are not a guarantee of performance.
(ad)Centre of Main Interests and Establishments. With respect to each English Loan Party, Regulation (EU) 2015/848 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 May 2015 on insolvency proceedings (recast) (the “Regulation”), so far as it is aware, its centre of main interest (as that term is used in Article 3(1) of the Regulation) is situated in the jurisdiction in which it was incorporated and it has no “establishment” (as that term is used in Article 2(h) of the Regulation) in any other jurisdiction.
(ae)Pensions. Any pension schemes of Sparks UK are funded to the extent required by law or otherwise comply with the requirements of any law applicable in the jurisdiction in which the relevant pension scheme is maintained, in each case, where failure to do so would reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.
(af)DAC6. No transaction contemplated by the Loan Documents nor any transaction to be carried out in connection with any transaction contemplated by the Loan Documents meets any hallmark set out in DAC6.
(ag)English Security Documents. Subject to the Legal Reservations, the English Security Documents create in favor of the Collateral Agent, as trustee for the Secured Parties, a legal, valid and enforceable security interest in the Collateral secured thereby. Under the law of each Loan Party’s jurisdiction of incorporation it is not necessary that any Loan Documents be filed, recorded or enrolled with any court, public authority or governmental agency in that jurisdiction or that any stamp, registration or similar tax be paid on or in relation to the English Security Documents or the transactions contemplated by the English Security Documents, except (A) a section 859D statement of particulars and a certified copy of the English Debenture must be delivered (together with any relevant fees in respect of each registration form for the relevant English Loan Party) to the Registrar of Companies in accordance with section 859A of the Companies Act 2006; (B) if applicable, registration of particulars of the English Debenture at the Trade Marks Registry at the Patent Office in England and Wales and payment of any associated fees; and (C) if applicable, any mortgages over land expressed to be created by the English Debenture must be registered in relation to any registered land from time to time, at the relevant office of HM Land Registry in England and Wales and in relation to any unregistered land from time to time, at the Land Charges Registry in England and Wales (together with any relevant fees in respect of any such registrations).
Article VII

COVENANTS OF THE LOAN PARTIES AND OTHER COLLATERAL MATTERS
Section 1.01Affirmative Covenants. So long as any principal of or interest on any Loan or any other Obligation (whether or not due) shall remain unpaid (other than Contingent Indemnity Obligations) or any Lender shall have any Commitment hereunder, each Loan Party (or in the case of clause (a), any delivery by the Administrative Borrower on behalf of the Loan Parties) will, unless the Required Lenders shall otherwise consent in writing:
(a)Reporting Requirements. Furnish to each Agent and each Lender:
(i)as soon as available, and in any event within 30 days after the end of each fiscal month of the Parent and its Subsidiaries commencing with the first fiscal month of the Parent and its Subsidiaries ending after the Effective Date, (1) internally prepared consolidated income
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statements and statements of cash balances as at the end of such fiscal month, and for the period commencing at the end of the immediately preceding Fiscal Year and ending with the end of such fiscal month, all in reasonable detail and substantially in the form delivered to the Agents prior to the Effective Date and certified by an Authorized Officer of the Parent as fairly presenting, in all material respects, the financial position of the Parent and its Subsidiaries as at the end of such fiscal month and the results of operations of the Parent and its Subsidiaries for such fiscal month and for such year-to-date period, in accordance with GAAP applied in a manner consistent with that of the most recent audited financial statements furnished to the Agents and the Lenders, subject to the absence of footnotes and normal year-end adjustments and (2) a report of key performance indicators during such fiscal month for the business of the Parent and its Subsidiaries, substantially in the form delivered to the Agents prior to the Effective Date;
(ii)as soon as available and in any event within 45 days after the end of each fiscal quarter of the Parent and its Subsidiaries commencing with the first fiscal quarter of the Parent and its Subsidiaries ending after the Effective Date, consolidated balance sheets, statements of operations and retained earnings and statements of cash flows of the Parent and its Subsidiaries as at the end of such quarter, and for the period commencing at the end of the immediately preceding Fiscal Year and ending with the end of such quarter, setting forth in each case in comparative form the figures for the corresponding date or period set forth in (A) the financial statements for the immediately preceding Fiscal Year and (B) the Projections, all in reasonable detail and certified by an Authorized Officer of the Parent as fairly presenting, in all material respects, the financial position of the Parent and its Subsidiaries as of the end of such quarter and the results of operations and cash flows of the Parent and its Subsidiaries for such quarter and for such year-to-date period, in accordance with GAAP applied in a manner consistent with that of the most recent audited financial statements of the Parent and its Subsidiaries furnished to the Agents and the Lenders, subject to the absence of footnotes and normal year-end adjustments;
(iii)as soon as available, and in any event within 120 days after the end of each Fiscal Year of the Parent and its Subsidiaries, consolidated balance sheets, statements of operations and retained earnings and statements of cash flows of the Parent and its Subsidiaries as at the end of such Fiscal Year, setting forth in each case in comparative form the figures for the corresponding date or period set forth in (A) the financial statements for the immediately preceding Fiscal Year and (B) the Projections, all in reasonable detail and prepared in accordance with GAAP, and accompanied by a report and an opinion, prepared in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards, of independent certified public accountants of nationally or regionally recognized standing selected by the Parent and reasonably satisfactory to the Agents (it being understood and agreed that BDO USA LLP is acceptable to the Agents) (which report and opinion shall not include (1) any qualification, exception or explanatory paragraph expressing substantial doubt about the ability of the Parent or any of its Subsidiaries to continue as a going concern or any qualification or exception as to the scope of such audit or (2) any qualification which relates to the treatment or classification of any item and which, as a condition to the removal of such qualification, would require an adjustment to such item, the effect of which would be to cause any noncompliance with the provisions of Section 7.03);
(iv)simultaneously with the delivery of the financial statements of the Parent and its Subsidiaries required by clauses (ii) and (iii) of this Section 7.01(a), a Compliance Certificate:
(A)stating that such Authorized Officer has reviewed the provisions of this Agreement and the other Loan Documents and has made or caused to be made under his or her supervision a review of the condition and operations of the Parent and its Subsidiaries during the period covered by such financial statements with a view to determining whether the Parent and its Subsidiaries were in compliance with all of the provisions of this Agreement and such Loan Documents at the times such compliance is required hereby and thereby, and that such review has not disclosed, and such Authorized Officer has no knowledge of, the occurrence and continuance during such period of an Event of Default or Default or, if an Event of Default or Default had occurred and continued or is continuing, describing the nature and period of existence thereof and the action which the Parent and its Subsidiaries propose to take or have taken with respect thereto,
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(B)in the case of the delivery of the financial statements of the Parent and its Subsidiaries required by clauses (ii) and (iii) of this Section 7.01(a), (1) attaching a schedule showing the calculation of the financial covenants specified in Section 7.03 and (2) including a management discussion and analysis of the financial condition and results of operations of the Parent and its Subsidiaries for the portion of the Fiscal Year then elapsed and discussing the reasons for any significant variations from the Projections for such period and the figures for the corresponding period in the previous Fiscal Year, and
(C)in the case of the delivery of the financial statements of the Parent and its Subsidiaries required by clause (iii) of this Section 7.01(a), attaching (1) a summary of all material insurance coverage maintained as of the date thereof by (or on behalf of) any Loan Party (which insurance coverage meets the requirements set forth in Section 7.01), together with such other related documents and information as the Administrative Agent may reasonably require, (2) the calculation of the Excess Cash Flow in accordance with the terms of Section 2.05(c)(i) and (3) confirmation that there have been no changes to the information contained in each of the Perfection Certificates delivered on the Effective Date or the date of the most recently updated Perfection Certificate delivered pursuant to this clause (iv) and/or attaching an updated Perfection Certificate identifying any such changes to the information contained therein;
(v)[reserved];
(vi)as soon as available and in any event not later than 60 days after the end of each Fiscal Year, a certificate of an Authorized Officer of the Parent (A) attaching Projections for the Parent and its Subsidiaries, supplementing and superseding the Projections previously required to be delivered pursuant to this Agreement, prepared on a monthly basis and otherwise in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Agents, for such Fiscal Year for the Parent and its Subsidiaries, and (B) certifying that the representations and warranties set forth in Section 6.01(cc)(ii) are true and correct with respect to the Projections;
(vii)promptly after submission to any Governmental Authority, all documents and information furnished to such Governmental Authority in connection with any investigation of any Loan Party other than routine inquiries by such Governmental Authority;
(viii)as soon as possible, and in any event within five (5) days after the occurrence of an Event of Default or Default or the occurrence of any event or development that could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect, the written statement of an Authorized Officer of the Administrative Borrower setting forth the details of such Event of Default or Default or other event or development having a Material Adverse Effect and the action which the affected Loan Party proposes to take with respect thereto;
(ix)as soon as possible and in any event: (A) within five days after the occurrence of any material ERISA Event, notice of such ERISA Event (in reasonable detail), (B) within three days after receipt thereof by any Loan Party or any of its ERISA Affiliates from the PBGC, copies of each notice received by any Loan Party or any of its ERISA Affiliates of the PBGC’s intention to terminate any Pension Plan or to have a trustee appointed to administer any Pension Plan, (C) within ten days after the filing thereof with the Internal Revenue Service, copies of each Schedule B (Actuarial Information) to the annual report (Form 5500 Series) with respect to each Pension Plan, (D) within three days after receipt thereof by any Loan Party or any of its ERISA Affiliates from a sponsor of a Multiemployer Plan or from the PBGC, a copy of each notice received by any Loan Party or any of its ERISA Affiliates concerning the imposition or amount of withdrawal liability under Section 4202 of ERISA, and (E) within ten days after any Loan Party sends notice of a plant closing or mass layoff (as defined in WARN) to employees, copies of each such notice sent by such Loan Party;
(x)promptly after the commencement thereof but in any event not later than five days after service of process with respect thereto on, or the obtaining of knowledge thereof by, any Loan Party, notice of each action, suit or proceeding before any court or other Governmental Authority or other regulatory body or any arbitrator which, if adversely determined, could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect;
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(xi)as soon as possible and in any event within five (5) days after execution, receipt or delivery thereof, copies of any material notices that any Loan Party executes or receives in connection with any Material Contract;
(xii)as soon as possible and in any event within five (5) days after execution, receipt or delivery thereof, copies of any material notices that any Loan Party executes or receives in connection with the sale or other Disposition of the Equity Interests of, or all or substantially all of the assets of, any Loan Party;
(xiii)[reserved];
(xiv)promptly after (A) the sending or filing thereof, copies of all statements, reports and other information any Loan Party sends to any holders of its Indebtedness or its securities or files with the SEC or any national (domestic or foreign) securities exchange, and (B) the receipt thereof, a copy of any material notice any Loan Party receives from any holder of its Indebtedness;
(xv)promptly upon receipt thereof, copies of all financial reports (including, without limitation, management letters), if any, submitted to any Loan Party by its auditors in connection with any annual or interim audit of the books thereof;
(xvi)promptly upon request, any certification or other evidence requested from time to time by any Lender in its sole discretion, confirming the Borrowers’ compliance with Section 7.02(r);
(xvii)simultaneously with the delivery of the financial statements of the Parent and its Subsidiaries required by clauses (i), (ii) and (iii) of this Section 7.01(a), if, as a result of any change in accounting principles and policies from those used in the preparation of the Financial Statements that is permitted by Section 7.02(q), the consolidated financial statements of the Parent and its Subsidiaries delivered pursuant to clauses (i), (ii) and (iii) of this Section 7.01(a) will differ from the consolidated financial statements that would have been delivered pursuant to such subdivisions had no such change in accounting principles and policies been made, then, together with the first delivery of such financial statements after such change, one or more statements of reconciliation for all such prior financial statements in form and substance satisfactory to the Agents;
(xviii)all Security Breaches, all investigations by a Governmental Authority or other Person regarding an actual or possible material violation of any Applicable Laws regarding the privacy or security of any Loan Party Data, and all notices, allegations, complaints, and other communications relating to any of the foregoing; and
(xix)promptly upon request, such other information concerning the condition or operations, financial or otherwise, of any Loan Party (including, without limitation, any Environmental, Social, and Corporate Governance information) as any Agent may from time to time may reasonably request.
(b)Additional Borrowers, Guarantors and Collateral Security. Cause:
(i)each Subsidiary of any Loan Party not in existence on the Effective Date (other than an Excluded Subsidiary), to execute and deliver to the Collateral Agent promptly and in any event within forty-five (45) days (or such longer period as the Agent may permit in its sole discretion) after the formation, acquisition or change in status thereof, (A) a Joinder Agreement, pursuant to which such Subsidiary shall be made a party to this Agreement as a Borrower or a Guarantor, (B) a supplement to the relevant Security Agreement and Foreign Security Document, together with (1) certificates evidencing all of the Equity Interests of any Person owned by such Subsidiary required to be pledged under the terms of the relevant Security Agreement and Foreign Security Document, (2) undated stock powers for such Equity Interests executed in blank with signature guaranteed, and (3) such opinions of counsel as the Collateral Agent may reasonably request, (C) to the extent required under the terms of this Agreement, one or more Mortgages creating on the real property of such Subsidiary a perfected, first priority Lien (in terms of priority, subject only to Permitted Specified Liens) on such real property and
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such other Real Property Deliverables as may be required by the Collateral Agent with respect to each such real property, and (D) such other agreements, instruments, approvals or other documents reasonably requested by the Collateral Agent in order to create, perfect, establish the first priority of or otherwise protect any Lien purported to be covered by any such Security Agreement or Mortgage or otherwise to effect the intent that such Subsidiary shall become bound by all of the terms, covenants and agreements contained in the Loan Documents and that all property and assets of such Subsidiary shall become Collateral for the Obligations; and
(ii)each owner of the Equity Interests of any such Subsidiary to execute and deliver promptly and in any event within forty-five (45) days (or such longer period as the Agent may permit in its sole discretion) after the formation or acquisition of such Subsidiary a Pledge Amendment (as defined in the Security Agreement) and/or applicable Foreign Security Document, together with (A) certificates evidencing all of the Equity Interests of such Subsidiary required to be pledged under the terms of the Security Agreement, (B) undated stock powers or other appropriate instruments of assignment for such Equity Interests executed in blank with signature guaranteed, (C) such opinions of counsel as the Collateral Agent may reasonably request and (D) such other agreements, instruments, approvals or other documents reasonably requested by the Collateral Agent.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, no Excluded Subsidiary shall be required to become a Guarantor hereunder (and, as such, shall not be required to deliver the documents required by clause (i) above).
(c)Compliance with Laws; Payment of Taxes.
(i)Comply, and cause each of its Subsidiaries to comply, in all material respects, with all Requirements of Law, judgments and awards (including any settlement of any claim that, if breached, could give rise to any of the foregoing).
(ii)Pay, and cause each of its Subsidiaries to pay, in full before delinquency or before the expiration of any extension period, all Taxes imposed upon any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries or any property of any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries, except (i) unpaid Taxes in an aggregate amount at any one time not in excess of $250,000, and (ii) Taxes contested in good faith by proper proceedings which stay the imposition of any penalty, fine or Lien resulting from the non-payment thereof and with respect to which adequate reserves have been set aside for the payment thereof in accordance with GAAP.
(d)Preservation of Existence, Etc. Except as otherwise provided herein, maintain and preserve, and cause each of its Subsidiaries to maintain and preserve, its existence, rights and privileges, and become or remain, and cause each of its Subsidiaries to become or remain, duly qualified and in good standing in each jurisdiction in which the character of the properties owned or leased by it or in which the transaction of its business makes such qualification necessary, except to the extent that the failure to be so qualified could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.
(e)Keeping of Records and Books of Account. Keep, and cause each of its Subsidiaries to keep, adequate records and books of account, with complete entries made to permit the preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP.
(f)Inspection Rights. Permit, and cause each of its Subsidiaries to permit, the agents and representatives of any Agent at reasonable times during normal business hours, and so long as no Event of Default has occurred and is continuing, upon reasonable advance notice to the Loan Parties (not less than ten (10) Business Days), to examine and make copies of and abstracts from its records and books of account, to examine and make copies of the Loan Party Systems and Loan Party Data, and make copies thereof or abstracts therefrom, to visit and inspect its properties, to verify materials, leases, notes, accounts receivable, deposit accounts and its other assets, to conduct audits, physical counts, valuations, appraisals or examinations and to discuss its affairs, finances and accounts with any of its directors, officers, managerial employees, independent accountants or any of its other representatives. In furtherance of the foregoing, each Loan Party hereby authorizes its independent accountants, and the independent accountants of each of its Subsidiaries, to discuss the affairs, finances and accounts of such
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Person (independently or together with representatives of such Person) with the agents and representatives of any Agent in accordance with this Section 7.01(f). Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, neither Agent nor any of its agents or representatives may exercise the rights of visitation or inspection hereunder with respect to any property of any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries until such Loan Party or such Subsidiary, as applicable, has reopened such property from COVID-19 safety closures, and thereafter,Agent or its agents and representatives shall only conduct such visits or inspections in accordance with (A) applicable Requirements of Law, including, for the avoidance of doubt, any guidelines published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and (B) the reasonable safety and health policies and/or procedures maintained at such time by such Loan Party or such Subsidiary, as applicable to the extent that such health policies and/or procedures are not maintained by such Person in order to circumvent the requirements of this Section 7.01(f).
(g)Maintenance of Properties, Etc.
(i)Maintain and preserve, and cause each of its Subsidiaries to maintain and preserve, all of its properties which are necessary or useful in the proper conduct of its business in good working order and condition, ordinary wear and tear and casualty excepted, and comply, and cause each of its Subsidiaries to comply, at all times with the provisions of all leases to which it is a party as lessee or under which it occupies property, so as to prevent any loss or forfeiture thereof or thereunder, except to the extent the failure to so maintain and preserve or so comply could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.
(ii)Each Loan Party shall, and shall cause its Subsidiaries to, (A) maintain adequate administrative, physical, and technical security measures and procedures to protect the confidentiality, integrity, and security of the Loan Party Systems and the Loan Party Data in all material respects, in all cases including from theft, corruption, loss or unauthorized use, access, interruption, deletion, or modification by any Person, and (B) keep all Loan Party Systems operational and maintain adequate backups and disaster recovery arrangements that are at least reasonable and at least consistent with, as protective as, and no less rigorous than, industry standards for companies and businesses of similar size in similar industries. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, each Loan Party shall, and shall cause its Subsidiaries to, (x) maintain applicable equipment and software in physically secure premises, (y) utilize industry-accepted virus and intrusion checking software and firewalls, and (z) limit access to Loan Party Data to only those employees and agents who need such access for the conduct of the business of the Loan Parties and their Subsidiaries.
(h)Maintenance of Insurance.
(i)Maintain, and cause each of its Subsidiaries to maintain, insurance with responsible and reputable insurance companies or associations (including, without limitation, comprehensive general liability, hazard, flood, rent, worker’s compensation and business interruption insurance) with respect to the Collateral and its other properties (including all real property leased or owned by it) and business, in such amounts and covering such risks as is (i) carried generally in accordance with sound business practice by companies in similar businesses similarly situated, (ii) required by any Requirements of Law, (iii) required by any Material Contract and (iv) in any event in amount, adequacy and scope reasonably satisfactory to the Collateral Agent. All policies covering the Collateral are to be made payable to the Collateral Agent for the benefit of the Agents and the Lenders, as their interests may appear, in case of loss, under a standard noncontributory “lender” or “secured party” clause and are to contain such other provisions as the Collateral Agent may require to fully protect the Lenders’ interest in the Collateral and to any payments to be made under such policies. All certificates of
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insurance are to be delivered to the Collateral Agent and the policies are to be premium prepaid, with the lender’s loss payable and additional insured endorsement in favor of the Collateral Agent for the benefit of the Agents and the Lenders, as their respective interests may appear, and such other Persons as the Collateral Agent may designate from time to time, and shall provide for not less than 30 days’ (ten days’ in the case of non-payment) prior written notice to the Collateral Agent of the exercise of any right of cancellation. If any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries fails to maintain such insurance, the Collateral Agent may arrange for such insurance, but at the Borrowers’ expense and without any responsibility on the Collateral Agent’s part for obtaining the insurance, the solvency of the insurance companies, the adequacy of the coverage, or the collection of claims. Upon the occurrence and during the continuance of an Event of Default, the Collateral Agent shall have the sole right, in the name of the Lenders, any Loan Party and its Subsidiaries, to file claims under any insurance policies, to receive, receipt and give acquittance for any payments that may be payable thereunder, and to execute any and all endorsements, receipts, releases, assignments, reassignments or other documents that may be necessary to effect the collection, compromise or settlement of any claims under any such insurance policies.
(ii)To the extent no Event of Default has occurred and is continuing, if any Agent shall receive, by virtue of such Agent having been a loss payee with respect to an insurance policy maintained by a Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries, such Agent shall receive such payment for the benefit of the applicable Loan Party or Subsidiary and shall promptly deliver such payment to such Loan Party or Subsidiary.
(i)Obtaining of Permits, Etc. Obtain, maintain and preserve, and cause each of its Subsidiaries to obtain, maintain and preserve, and take all necessary action to timely renew, all permits, governmental or regulatory licenses, authorizations, approvals, entitlements and accreditations, in each case that are necessary or useful in the proper conduct of its business, in each case, except to the extent the failure to obtain, maintain, preserve or take such action could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.
(j)Environmental.
(i)Keep the Collateral free of any Environmental Lien;
(ii)Obtain, maintain and preserve, and cause each of its Subsidiaries to obtain, maintain and preserve, and take all necessary action to timely renew, all Environmental Permits that are necessary or useful in the proper conduct of its business, and comply, and cause each of its Subsidiaries to comply, with all Environmental Laws and Environmental Permits, except to the extent the failure to so obtain, maintain, preserve or comply could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect;
(iii)Take all commercially reasonable steps to prevent any Release or threatened Release of Hazardous Materials in violation of any Environmental Law or Environmental Permit at, in, on, under or from any property owned, leased or operated by any Loan Party or its Subsidiaries that could reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect;
(iv)Provide the Collateral Agent with written notice within ten (10) days of any of the following: (A) discovery of any Release of a Hazardous Material or environmental condition at, in, on, under or from any property currently or formerly owned, leased or operated by any Loan Party, Subsidiary or predecessor in interest or any violation of Environmental Law or Environmental Permit that in any case could reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect; (B) notice that an Environmental Lien has been filed against any Collateral; or (C) an Environmental Claim or Environmental Liabilities that could reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect; and provide such reports, documents and information as the Collateral Agent may reasonably request from time to time with respect to any of the foregoing.
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(k)Fiscal Year. Cause the Fiscal Year of the Parent and its Subsidiaries to end on December 31 of each calendar year unless the Agents consent to a change in such Fiscal Year (and appropriate related changes to this Agreement).
(l)Landlord Waivers; Collateral Access Agreements. Obtain a written subordination or waiver or collateral access agreement, as the case may be, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Collateral Agent, with respect to (i) each headquarters location of each Loan Party and (ii) each other location where any Collateral with a book value in excess of $1,000,000 (when aggregated with all other Collateral at the same location) is stored or maintained, in each case, if such location is not owned by a Loan Party; provided, that such subordination or waiver or collateral access agreement shall not be required with such to any such location if the Collateral Agent is reasonably satisfied that such subordination or waiver or collateral access agreement will not be obtained after the Loan Parties have use commercially reasonable efforts to obtain the same.
(m)After-Acquired Real Property. Upon the acquisition by it or any of its Subsidiaries after the date hereof of any fee interest in any real property (wherever located) (each such interest being a “New Facility”) with a Current Value (as defined below) in excess of $1,000,000, immediately so notify the Collateral Agent, setting forth with specificity a description of the interest acquired, the location of the real property, any structures or improvements thereon and either an appraisal or such Loan Party’s good faith estimate of the current value of such real property (for purposes of this Section, the “Current Value”). The Collateral Agent shall notify such Loan Party whether it intends to require a Mortgage (and any other Real Property Deliverables) with respect to such New Facility. Upon receipt of such notice requesting a Mortgage (and any other Real Property Deliverables), the Person that has acquired such New Facility shall promptly furnish the same to the Collateral Agent. The Borrowers shall pay all fees and expenses, including, without limitation, reasonable attorneys’ fees and expenses, and all title insurance charges and premiums, in connection with each Loan Party’s obligations under this Section 7.01(m).
(n)Anti-Corruption Laws; Anti-Money Laundering Laws; Sanctions.
(i)Maintain, and cause each of its Subsidiaries to maintain, policies and procedures designed to promote compliance by each Loan Party, its Subsidiaries and their respective directors, officers, employees and agents with all Anti-Corruption Laws and Anti-Money Laundering Laws.
(ii)Comply, and cause each of its Subsidiaries to comply, with all applicable Anti-Corruption Laws, Anti-Money Laundering Laws and Sanctions. This clause (n)(ii) shall not apply (i) to any Loan Party to which the Council Regulation (EC) 2271/1996 applies in so far as it would result in a violation of or conflict with any provision of Council Regulation (EC) 2271/1996 and (ii) to any Loan Party, in each case, to which any other anti-boycott statute applies in so far as it would result in a violation of or conflict with any provision of such other anti-boycott statute, including section 7 of the German Foreign Trade Regulation (Außenwirtschaftsverordnung – AWV) in connection with the German Foreign Trade Law (Außenwirtschaftsgesetz)).
(iii)Neither Loan Party nor, to the best knowledge of any Loan Party, any director, officer, employee or any Person acting on behalf of any Loan Party will engage in any activity that would breach any Anti-Corruption Law.
(iv)Promptly notify the Administrative Agent of any action, suit or investigations by any court or Governmental Authority in relation to an alleged breach of the Anti-Corruption Law. This clause (n)(iv) shall not apply (i) to any Loan Party to which the Council Regulation (EC) 2271/1996 applies in so far as it would result in a violation of or conflict with any provision of Council Regulation (EC) 2271/1996 and (ii) to any Loan Party, in each case, to which any other anti-boycott statute applies in so far as it would result in a violation of or conflict with any provision of such other anti-boycott statute, including section 7 of the German Foreign Trade Regulation (Außenwirtschaftsverordnung – AWV) in connection with the German Foreign Trade Law (Außenwirtschaftsgesetz)).
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(v)Not directly or indirectly use, lend or contribute the proceeds of any Loan for any purpose that would breach any Anti-Corruption Law.
(vi)Each Loan Party and Affiliate, officer, employee or director, acting on behalf of the Loan Party is (and will take no action which would result in any such Person not being) in compliance with (A) all applicable OFAC rules and regulations, (B) all applicable United States of America, United Kingdom, United Nations, European Union, German, Canadian, Australian and all other reasonable internationally respected national autonomous sanctions, embargos and trade restrictions and (C) all applicable provisions of the USA PATRIOT Act. In addition, none of the activities or business of any Loan Party includes any kind of activities or business of or with any Person or in any country or territory that is subject to any Sanctions.
(vii)In order to comply with the “know your customer/borrower” requirements of the Anti-Money Laundering Laws, promptly provide to the Administrative Agent upon its reasonable request from time to time (A) information relating to individuals and entities affiliated with any Loan Party that maintain a business relationship with the Administrative Agent and (B) such identifying information and documentation as may be available for such Loan Party in order to enable the Administrative Agent or any Lender to comply with Anti-Money Laundering Laws.
(o)Lender Meetings. (i) Participate in telephonic meetings with the Agents and the Lenders not less frequently than monthly and (ii) to the extent requested by any Agent or the Required Lenders and agreed to by the Administrative Borrower, participate in a physical meeting with the Agents and the Lenders at the Borrowers’ corporate offices at such time as may be agreed to by the Administrative Borrower and such Agent or the Required Lenders.
(p)Credit Card Agreements. Each of the Loan Parties shall: (a) observe and perform in all material respects all material terms, covenants, conditions and provisions of the Credit Card Agreements to be observed and performed by it at the times set forth therein; (b) not do, permit, suffer or refrain from doing anything, as a result of which there could be a material default under or material breach of any of the terms of any of the Credit Card Agreements; (c) cause all of the monies due and to become due to the Loan Parties under the Credit Card Agreements to be transferred directly into a Cash Management Account subject to a Control Agreement; (d not enter into any new Credit Card Agreements with any new Credit Card Issuer or Credit Card Processor or modify or amend any of the existing Credit Card Agreement, if such new agreement, modification or amendment gives the Credit Card Issuer or Credit Card Processor party thereto greater rights to set-off against amounts otherwise payable to such Loan Party or greater rights to cease or suspend payments to such Loan Party; and (e) furnish to the Agents, promptly upon the request of any Agent, such information and evidence as any Agent may reasonably require from time to time concerning the observance, performance and compliance by such Loan Party or the other party or parties thereto with the terms, covenants or provisions of the Credit Card Agreements.
(q)Further Assurances. Take such action and execute, acknowledge and deliver, and cause each of its Subsidiaries to take such action and execute, acknowledge and deliver, at its sole cost and expense, such agreements, instruments or other documents as any Agent may require from time to time in order (i) to carry out more effectively the purposes of this Agreement and the other Loan Documents, (ii) to subject to valid and perfected first priority Liens any of the Collateral or any other property of any Loan Party and its Subsidiaries, (iii) to establish and maintain the validity and effectiveness of any of the Loan Documents and the validity, perfection and priority of the Liens intended to be created thereby, and (iv) to better assure, convey, grant, assign, transfer and confirm unto each Secured Party the rights now or hereafter intended to be granted to it under this Agreement or any other Loan Document (including, without limitation, upon the occurrence of an Event of Default, causing each Credit Card Issuer and Credit Card Processor to direct all payments (due to any Loan Party) of all credit card charges submitted by any Loan Party to such Credit Card Issuer and Credit Card Processor to the Cash Management Accounts). In furtherance of the foregoing, to the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, each Loan Party (i) authorizes each Agent to execute any such agreements, instruments or other documents in such Loan Party’s name and to file such agreements, instruments or other documents in any appropriate filing office, (ii) authorizes each Agent to file any financing statement required hereunder or under any other Loan Document, and any continuation statement or amendment with respect
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thereto, in any appropriate filing office without the signature of such Loan Party, and (iii) ratifies the filing of any financing statement, and any continuation statement or amendment with respect thereto, filed without the signature of such Loan Party prior to the date hereof.
(r)Pensions. Each English Loan Party shall ensure that all pension schemes operated by or maintained for the benefit of any English Loan Party and/or any of their employees are funded to the extent required by law or otherwise comply with the requirements or any law applicable in the jurisdiction in which the relevant pension scheme is maintained, in each case, where failure to do so would reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.
(s)PSC Regime. With respect to each English Loan Party whose shares are subject to Collateral, each such English Loan Party shall: (i) within the relevant timeframe, comply with any notice it receives pursuant to Part 21A of the Companies Act 2006 from any company incorporated in the United Kingdom whose shares are the subject of the Collateral and (ii) promptly provide the Administrative Agent with a copy of that notice.
(t)DAC6. The Borrowers shall supply to the Administrative Agent (in sufficient copies for all of the Lenders, if the Administrative Agent so requests):

(i)promptly upon the making of such analysis or the obtaining of such advice, any analysis made or advice obtained on whether any transaction contemplated by the Loan Documents or any transaction carried out (or to be carried out) in connection with any transaction contemplated by the Loan Documents contains a hallmark as set out in Annex IV of DAC6; and

(ii)promptly upon the making of such reporting and to the extent permitted by applicable law and regulation, any reporting made to any governmental or taxation authority by or on behalf of any Subsidiary or by any adviser to any such Subsidiary in relation to DAC6 or any law or regulation which implements DAC6 and any unique identification number issued by any governmental or taxation authority to which any such report has been made (if available).
Section 1.02Negative Covenants. So long as any principal of or interest on any Loan or any other Obligation (whether or not due) shall remain unpaid (other than Contingent Indemnity Obligations) or any Lender shall have any Commitment hereunder, each Loan Party shall not, unless the Required Lenders shall otherwise consent in writing:
(a)Liens, Etc. Create, incur, assume or suffer to exist, or permit any of its Subsidiaries to create, incur, assume or suffer to exist, any Lien upon or with respect to any of its properties, whether now owned or hereafter acquired; file or suffer to exist under the Uniform Commercial Code or any Requirement of Law of any jurisdiction, a financing statement (or the equivalent thereof) that names it or any of its Subsidiaries as debtor; sign or suffer to exist any security agreement authorizing any secured party thereunder to file such financing statement (or the equivalent thereof) other than, as to all of the above, Permitted Liens.
(b)Indebtedness. Create, incur, assume, guarantee or suffer to exist, or otherwise become or remain liable with respect to, or permit any of its Subsidiaries to create, incur, assume, guarantee or suffer to exist or otherwise become or remain liable with respect to, any Indebtedness other than Permitted Indebtedness.
(c)Fundamental Changes; Dispositions.
(i)Wind up, liquidate or dissolve, or merge, consolidate or amalgamate with any Person, including by means of a “plan of division” under the Delaware Limited Liability Company Act or any comparable transaction under any similar law, or permit any of its Subsidiaries to do (or agree to do) any of the foregoing; provided, however, that (x) any wholly-owned
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Subsidiary of any Loan Party (other than a Borrower) may be merged into such Loan Party or another wholly-owned Subsidiary of such Loan Party, or may consolidate or amalgamate with another wholly-owned Subsidiary of such Loan Party, so long as (A) no other provision of this Agreement would be violated thereby, (B) such Loan Party gives the Agents at least ten (10) days’ prior written notice of such merger, consolidation or amalgamation accompanied by drafts of all material agreements, documents and instruments relating to such merger, consolidation or amalgamation, including, without limitation, drafts of the certificate or certificates of merger or amalgamation to be filed with each appropriate Secretary of State (with a copy as filed promptly after such filing), (C) no Default or Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing either before or after giving effect to such transaction, (D) the Lenders’ rights in any Collateral, including, without limitation, the existence, perfection and priority of any Lien thereon, are not adversely affected by such merger, consolidation or amalgamation, and (E) the surviving Subsidiary, if any, if not already a Loan Party, is joined as a Loan Party hereunder pursuant to a Joinder Agreement and is a party to a Security Agreement and the applicable Foreign Security Documents (to the extent required pursuant to Section 7.01(b)), as applicable, and the Equity Interests of such Subsidiary is the subject of a Security Agreement and/or a Foreign Security Documents, as applicable, in each case, which is in full force and effect on the date of and immediately after giving effect to such merger, consolidation or amalgamation and (y) the Parent may reincorporate and/or reorganize under the laws of the United States or any state thereof so long as (A) the Parent gives the Agents at least ten (10) days’ prior written notice of such reincorporation or reorganization, accompanied by drafts of all material agreements, documents and instruments relating to such reincorporation or reorganization, (B) no Default or Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing either before or after giving effect to such transaction, (C) the Lenders’ rights in any Collateral, including, without limitation, the existence, perfection and priority of any Lien thereon, are not adversely affected by such reincorporation or reorganization, (D) the reincorporated or reorganized Parent is joined as a Loan Party hereunder pursuant to a Joinder Agreement and is a party to a Security Agreement and the applicable Foreign Security Documents, as applicable, in each case, which is in full force and effect on the date of and immediately after giving effect to such reincorporation or reorganization, and (E) the Lenders shall have received an opinion of counsel to the reincorporated or reorganized Parent as to such matters as the Agents may reasonably request; and
(ii)Make any Disposition, whether in one transaction or a series of related transactions, of all or any part of its business, property or assets, whether now owned or hereafter acquired (or agree to do any of the foregoing), or permit any of its Subsidiaries to do any of the foregoing; provided, however, that any Loan Party and its Subsidiaries may make Permitted Dispositions.
(d)Change in Nature of Business.
(i)Make, or permit any of its Subsidiaries to make, any change in the nature of its business as described in Section 6.01(l).
(ii)Permit the Parent to have any material liabilities (other than liabilities arising under the Loan Documents and liabilities under the Zoosk Acquisition Agreement, including the Deferred Merger Payment), own any material assets (other than the Equity Interests of its Subsidiaries) or engage in any operations or business (other than the ownership of its Subsidiaries); provided that Parent may engage in those activities that are incidental to (A) the maintenance of its existence in compliance with applicable law, (B) legal, tax and accounting matters in connection with any of the foregoing or following activities, (C) the performance of obligations under and compliance with its Governing Documents or any applicable law, ordinance, regulation, rule, order, judgment, decree or permit, including as a result of or in connection with the activities of its Subsidiaries and (D) the incurrence and payment of its operating and business expenses and any taxes for which it may be liable.
(e)Loans, Advances, Investments, Etc. Make or commit or agree to make, or permit any of its Subsidiaries make or commit or agree to make, any Investment in any other Person except for Permitted Investments.
(f)Sale and Leaseback Transactions. Enter into, or permit any of its Subsidiaries to enter into, any Sale and Leaseback Transaction.
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(g)Capital Expenditures. Make or commit or agree to make, or permit any of its Subsidiaries to make or commit or agree to make, any Capital Expenditure (by purchase or Capitalized Lease) that would cause the aggregate amount of all Capital Expenditures made by the Loan Parties and their Subsidiaries in any Fiscal Year to exceed $4,500,000 in the aggregate; provided, however, that the amount of Capital Expenditures permitted to be made in any Fiscal Year may be increased as follows: if the amount of the Capital Expenditures permitted to be made in any Fiscal Year is greater than the actual amount of the Capital Expenditures actually made in such Fiscal Year (the amount by which such permitted Capital Expenditures for such Fiscal Year exceeds the actual amount of Capital Expenditures for such period, the “Excess Amount”), then up to 100% of such Excess Amount (such amount, the “Carry-Over Amount”) may be carried forward to the next succeeding fiscal period (the “Succeeding Fiscal Period”); provided that (A) the Carry-Over Amount applicable to a particular Succeeding Fiscal Period may not be carried forward to another fiscal period, and (B) the Carry-Over Amount with respect to software delivery expenditures shall not in any event exceed $500,000. Capital Expenditures made by the Loan Parties and their Subsidiaries in any fiscal period shall be deemed to reduce first, the amount set forth in the table above for such Fiscal Year and then, the Carry-Over Amount.
(h)Restricted Payments. Make or permit any of its Subsidiaries to make any Restricted Payment other than Permitted Restricted Payments.
(i)Federal Reserve Regulations. Permit any Loan or the proceeds of any Loan under this Agreement to be used for any purpose that would cause such Loan to be a margin loan under the provisions of Regulation T, U or X of the Board.
(j)Transactions with Affiliates. Enter into, renew, extend or be a party to, or permit any of its Subsidiaries to enter into, renew, extend or be a party to, any transaction or series of related transactions (including, without limitation, the purchase, sale, lease, transfer or exchange of property or assets of any kind or the rendering of services of any kind) with any Affiliate, except (i) transactions consummated in the ordinary course of business in a manner and to an extent consistent with past practice and necessary or desirable for the prudent operation of its business, for fair consideration and on terms no less favorable to it or its Subsidiaries than would be obtainable in a comparable arm’s length transaction with a Person that is not an Affiliate thereof, and that are fully disclosed to the Agents prior to the consummation thereof, if they involve one or more payments by the Parent or any of its Subsidiaries in excess of $500,000 for any single transaction or series of related transactions, (ii) transactions with another Loan Party, (iii) transactions permitted by Section 7.02(e) and Section 7.02(h), (iv) sales of Qualified Equity Interests of the Parent to Affiliates of the Parent not otherwise prohibited by the Loan Documents and the granting of registration and other customary rights in connection therewith, and (v) reasonable and customary director and officer compensation (including bonuses and stock option programs), benefits and indemnification arrangements, in each case approved by the Board of Directors (or a committee thereof) of such Loan Party or such Subsidiary.
(k)Limitations on Dividends and Other Payment Restrictions Affecting Subsidiaries. Create or otherwise cause, incur, assume, suffer or permit to exist or become effective any consensual encumbrance or restriction of any kind on the ability of any Subsidiary of any Loan Party (i) to pay dividends or to make any other distribution on any shares of Equity Interests of such Subsidiary owned by any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries, (ii) to pay or prepay or to subordinate any Indebtedness owed to any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries, (iii) to make loans or advances to any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries or (iv) to transfer any of its property or assets to any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries, or permit any of its Subsidiaries to do any of the foregoing; provided, however, that nothing in any of clauses (i) through (iv) of this Section 7.02(k) shall prohibit or restrict compliance with:
(A)this Agreement and the other Loan Documents;
(B)any agreement in effect on the date of this Agreement and described on Schedule 7.02(k) hereto, or any extension, replacement or continuation of any such agreement; provided that, any such encumbrance or restriction contained in such extended, replaced or
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continued agreement is no less favorable to the Agents and the Lenders than the encumbrance or restriction under or pursuant to the agreement so extended, replaced or continued;
(C)any applicable law, rule or regulation (including, without limitation, applicable currency control laws and applicable state corporate statutes restricting the payment of dividends in certain circumstances);
(D)in the case of clause (iv), (1) customary restrictions on the subletting, assignment or transfer of any specified property or asset set forth in a lease, license, asset, sale agreement or similar contract for the conveyance of such property or asset and (2) instrument or other document evidencing a Permitted Lien (or the Indebtedness secured thereby) from restricting on customary terms the transfer of any property or assets subject thereto;
(E)customary restrictions on dispositions of real property interests in reciprocal easement agreements;
(F)customary restrictions in agreements for the sale of assets on the transfer or encumbrance of such assets during an interim period prior to the closing of the sale of such assets; or
(G)customary restrictions in contracts that prohibit the assignment of such contract.
(l)Limitations on Negative Pledges. Enter into, incur or permit to exist, or permit any Subsidiary to enter into, incur or permit to exist, directly or indirectly, any agreement, instrument, deed, lease or other arrangement that prohibits, restricts or imposes any condition upon the ability of any Loan Party or any Subsidiary of any Loan Party to create, incur or permit to exist any Lien upon any of its property or revenues, whether now owned or hereafter acquired, or that requires the grant of any security for an obligation if security is granted for another obligation, except the following: (i) this Agreement and the other Loan Documents, (ii) restrictions or conditions imposed by any agreement relating to secured Indebtedness permitted by Section 7.02(b) of this Agreement if such restrictions or conditions apply only to the property or assets securing such Indebtedness, (iii) any customary restrictions and conditions contained in agreements relating to the sale or other disposition of assets or of a Subsidiary pending such sale or other disposition, provided that such restrictions and conditions apply only to the assets or Subsidiary to be sold or disposed of and such sale or disposition is permitted hereunder, and (iv) customary provisions in leases restricting the assignment or sublet thereof.
(m)Modifications of Indebtedness, Organizational Documents and Certain Other Agreements; Etc.
(i)Except for the Deferred Merger Payment, amend, modify or otherwise change (or permit the amendment, modification or other change in any manner of) any of the provisions of any of its or its Subsidiaries’ Indebtedness or of any instrument or agreement (including, without limitation, any purchase agreement, indenture, loan agreement or security agreement) relating to any such Indebtedness if such amendment, modification or change would shorten the final maturity or average life to maturity of, or require any payment to be made earlier than the date originally scheduled on, such Indebtedness, would increase the interest rate applicable to such Indebtedness, would add any covenant or event of default, would change the subordination provision, if any, of such Indebtedness, or would otherwise be adverse to the Lenders or the issuer of such Indebtedness in any respect;
(ii)except for the Obligations and the Deferred Merger Payment, (A) make any voluntary or optional payment (including, without limitation, any payment of interest in cash that, at the option of the issuer, may be paid in cash or in kind), prepayment, redemption, defeasance, sinking fund payment or other acquisition for value of any of its or its Subsidiaries’ Indebtedness (including, without limitation, by way of depositing money or securities with the trustee therefor before the date required for the purpose of paying any portion of such Indebtedness when due), (B) refund, refinance, replace or exchange any other Indebtedness for any such Indebtedness (other than with respect to Permitted Refinancing Indebtedness), (C) make any payment, prepayment, redemption, defeasance,
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sinking fund payment or repurchase of any Subordinated Indebtedness in violation of the subordination provisions thereof or any subordination agreement with respect thereto, or (D) make any payment, prepayment, redemption, defeasance, sinking fund payment or repurchase of any Indebtedness as a result of any asset sale, change of control, issuance and sale of debt or equity securities or similar event, or give any notice with respect to any of the foregoing;
(iii)amend, modify or otherwise change any of its Governing Documents (including, without limitation, by the filing or modification of any certificate of designation, or any agreement or arrangement entered into by it) with respect to any of its Equity Interests (including any shareholders agreement), or enter into any new agreement with respect to any of its Equity Interests, except any such amendments, modifications or changes or any such new agreements or arrangements pursuant to this clause (iii) that either individually or in the aggregate could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect, provided that no such amendment, modification or change or new agreement or arrangement shall provide for any plan of division pursuant to Section 18-217 of the Delaware Limited Liability Company Act (or any similar statute or provision under applicable law); or
(iv)agree to any amendment, modification or other change to or waiver of any of its rights under any Material Contract (other than the Zoosk Acquisition Agreement) if such amendment, modification, change or waiver would be materially adverse to any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries or the Agents and the Lenders; or
(v)(A) make any payment of interest, fees or principal (mandatory or optional payment, prepayment, redemption, defeasance, sinking fund payment or other acquisition for value) or any other payment of the Deferred Merger Payment except if (i) immediately before and after each such payment, no Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing, (ii) the Deferred Merger Payment Conditions are satisfied and (iii) any such payment is permitted by the Deferred Merger Payment Subordination Agreement and (B) agree to any amendment, modification or other change to or waiver of any of its rights under the Zoosk Acquisition Agreement or the Deferred Merger Payment Subordination Agreement if such amendment, modification, change or waiver would be adverse to the Agents and the Lenders or not permitted under the Deferred Merger Payment Subordination Agreement.
(n)Investment Company Act of 1940. Engage in any business, enter into any transaction, use any securities or take any other action or permit any of its Subsidiaries to do any of the foregoing, that would cause it or any of its Subsidiaries to become subject to the registration requirements of the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, by virtue of being an “investment company” or a company “controlled” by an “investment company” not entitled to an exemption within the meaning of such Act.
(o)ERISA. Except as would not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect
(i)