lov-20210816
0001705338FALSE00017053382021-08-162021-08-160001705338us-gaap:CommonStockMember2021-08-162021-08-160001705338lov:AmericanDepositaryShareADSMember2021-08-162021-08-16

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 8-K
CURRENT REPORT
Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)
of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
Date of report (Date of earliest event reported): August 16, 2021
Spark Networks SE
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Germany 001-38252 N/A
(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation)
 
(Commission
File Number)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
Kohlfurter Straße 41/43
Berlin Germany 10999
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (+49) 30 868000
N/A
(Former name or former address, if changed since last report.)

Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions (see General Instruction A.2. below):
Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each classTrading symbolName of each exchange on which registered
American Depository Shares each representing one-tenth of an ordinary shareLOVNYSE American
Ordinary shares, €1.00 nominal value per share*
LOVNYSE American
* Not for trading purposes, but only in connection with the registration of American Depository Shares pursuant to the requirements of the Securities and Exchange Commission.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).
Emerging growth company 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 




Item 2.02     Results of Operations and Financial Condition
On August 16, 2021, Spark Networks SE issued a press release reporting second quarter of 2021 financial results. A copy of the press release is attached hereto as Exhibits 99.1, and is incorporated herein by reference.
The information provided in this Item 2.02, including Exhibit 99.1, is intended to be “furnished” and shall not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), or otherwise subject to the liabilities of that section, nor shall it be deemed incorporated by reference into any other filing under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Exchange Act, except as expressly set forth by specific reference in such a filing.

Item 9.01 Financial Statements and Exhibits

(d) Exhibits

The following exhibit is filed as part of this Current Report on Form 8-K:

Exhibit No.    Description
99.1         Spark Networks SE press release dated August 16, 2021 reporting second quarter of 2021 financial results
104        Cover Page Interactive Data File (embedded within the Inline XBRL document)




SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.
Spark Networks SE
Dated: August 16, 2021By:/s/ Gitte Bendzulla
 Gitte Bendzulla
 Chief Operating Officer and Chief Legal Officer

Document

EXHIBIT 99.1

Spark Networks SE Reports Preliminary Second Quarter 2021 Financial Results

Spark recorded revenue of $55.3 million for the Second Quarter 2021
Monthly Average Revenue Per User, or Monthly ARPU, increased to $20.96
Spark poised to build on Social Discovery services in Second Half 2021

BERLIN, August 16, 2021 -- Spark Networks SE (NYSE American: LOV), owner and operator of a portfolio of brands, including but not limited to Zoosk, Christian Mingle, Silver Singles, Elite Singles and Jdate, with a focus on the 40+ demographic seeking meaningful relationships, today reported Second Quarter 2021 financial results.

Second Quarter 2021 Financial Results
Revenue for the second quarter of 2021 was $55.3 million, a decrease of $1.2 million compared to $56.5 million in the second quarter of 2020. The decrease in Revenue was attributable to the 3.0% decrease in the number of average paying subscribers.
Net Loss was $50.4 million in the second quarter of 2021. Net loss was impacted by a non-cash impairment charge based on the re-valuation of company intangibles and goodwill. Net Loss per share for trailing twelve months was $(39.20)
Adjusted EBITDA(1) was $8.3 million in the second quarter of 2021, a decrease of $1.8 million compared to $10.1 million in the second quarter of 2020.
The Company ended the quarter with $11.1 million in cash and $87.2 million in debt.

"During the Second Quarter 2021, we entered the social discovery space with the launch of our livestreaming service, Zoosk Live!, enhanced dater’s experiences through new aesthetics and improved security to our core brands, and more accessible pricing for Zoosk users” said Eric Eichmann, CEO of Spark Networks. “We are currently working on partnerships to bring new exciting features to our properties this year. While our expectations for topline growth have been a bit delayed, we've continued to reduce the Zoosk's decline to its lowest levels since acquiring it and we remain on a strong path to growth and are excited about our long-term prospects.”
David Clark, newly appointed Chief Financial Officer of Spark Networks stated, “While the turnaround of Zoosk has been delayed, we are seeing double-digit growth in our core brands. We have revised our previous guidance to reflect these delays. We continued deleveraging our balance sheet, reducing debt by approximately $12 million since the beginning of the year. Going forward, we will evaluate capital structure alternatives to strengthen the balance sheet.”

Key Performance Indicators
Average Paying Subscribers(2) decreased by 26,798, or 3.0%, to 878,618 in the second quarter of 2021, compared to 905,416 in the same period of 2020.
Monthly Average Revenue Per User(3), or Monthly ARPU, increased to $20.96 in the second quarter of 2021, compared to $20.81 in the same period of 2020.

Financial Outlook
Spark currently expects full year 2021 revenue to be in the range of $219 million to $223 million and its full year 2021 Adjusted EBITDA range to be between $27 million to $30 million, due to certain delays in product improvement primarily on the Zoosk platform.





Investor Conference Call
Spark Networks will discuss its financial results during a live teleconference today at 4:30 p.m. Eastern time.

Toll-Free (United States): 1-877-300-8521
Toll-Free (Germany): 0-800-589-5393
International: 1-412-317-6026

In addition, Spark Networks will host a webcast of the call which will be accessible in the Investor Relations section of the Company’s website at https://investor.spark.net/investor-relations/home

A replay will begin approximately three hours after completion of the call and run until August 31, 2021.

Replay
Toll-Free (United States): 1-844-512-2921
International: 1-412-317-6671
Passcode: 10159321

Safe Harbor Statement:
This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, statements involving known and unknown risks, uncertainties, and other factors that may cause Spark Networks' performance or achievements to be materially different from those of any expected future results, performance, or achievements. These statements include statements regarding Spark Networks being posed to build on Social Discovery services in the second half of 2021, Spark Networks’ work on partnerships to bring new exciting features to its properties this year, Spark Networks remaining on a strong path to growth and its excitement about its long-term prospects, Spark Networks’ evaluation of capital structure alternatives to strengthen the balance sheet going forward, and Spark Networks' financial outlook for full year 2021 revenue and full year 2021 Adjusted EBITDA.

Any statements in this press release that are not statements of historical fact may be considered to be forward-looking statements. Written words, such as “believes,” “hopes,” “intends,” “estimates,” “expects,” “projects,” “plans,” “anticipates,” and variations thereof, or the use of future tense, identify forward-looking statements. By their nature, forward-looking statements and forecasts involve risks and uncertainties because they relate to events and depend on circumstances that will occur in the near future. There are a number of factors that could cause actual results and developments to differ materially, including, but not limited to, the risk that the benefits from the acquisition of Zoosk, Inc. may not be fully realized or may take longer to realize than expected; risks related to the degree of competition in the markets in which Spark Networks operates; risks related to the ability of Spark Networks to retain and hire key personnel, operating results and business generally; the timing and market acceptance of new products introduced by Spark Networks' competitors; Spark Networks' ability to identify potential acquisitions; Spark Networks' ability to comply with new and evolving regulations relating to data protection and data privacy; general competition and price measures in the market place; risks related to the duration and severity of COVID-19 and its impact on Spark Networks' business; and general economic conditions. Additional factors that could cause actual results to differ are discussed under the heading “Risk Factors” in Spark Networks’ Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 and in other sections of Spark Networks' filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), and in Spark Networks' other current and periodic reports filed or furnished from time to time with the SEC. All forward-looking statements in this press release are made as of the date hereof, based on information available to the Company as of the date hereof, and the Company assumes no obligation to update any forward-looking statement except as required by law.





About Spark Networks SE:
Spark Networks SE is a leading global dating company, listed on the New York Stock Exchange American under the ticker symbol “LOV,” with headquarters in Berlin, Germany, and offices in New York and Utah. The Company’s widening portfolio of premium and freemium dating apps include Zoosk, EliteSingles, SilverSingles, Christian Mingle, Jdate, and JSwipe, among others. Spark Networks SE in its current form is the result of the merger between Affinitas GmbH and Spark Networks, Inc. in 2017 and the addition of Zoosk, Inc. in 2019. Spark has approximately one million monthly paying subscribers globally.

For More Information
Investors:
Christopher Camarra
Vice President of Investor Relations
christopher.camarra@spark.net

1 Adjusted EBITDA is one of the primary metrics by which we evaluate the performance of our business, budget, forecast and compensate management. We believe this measure provides management and investors with a consistent view, period to period, of the core earnings generated from the ongoing operations and excludes the impact of items that we do not consider representative of our ongoing performance. This includes: depreciation and amortization, share-based compensation, asset impairments, gains or losses on foreign currency transactions and net interest expense, acquisition related costs and other costs. Adjusted EBITDA has inherent limitations in evaluating the performance of the Company, including, but not limited to the following:

Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect the cash capital expenditures during the measurement period;
Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect any changes in working capital requirements during the measurement period;
Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect the cash tax payments during the measurement period;
Adjusted EBITDA may be calculated differently by other companies in our industry, thus limiting its value as a comparative measure;

Because of these limitations, Adjusted EBITDA should be considered in addition to other financial performance measures, including net income and our other U.S. GAAP results. A reconciliation of the Adjusted EBITDA for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 can be found in the table below.

Adjusted EBITDA is defined as earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization, share-based compensation, impairment of intangible assets and goodwill, and acquisition or other costs.

Statements regarding our expectations as to the full year 2021 Adjusted EBITDA do not include certain charges and costs. The adjustments to EBITDA in future periods are generally expected to be similar to the kinds of charges and costs excluded from Adjusted EBITDA in prior periods, including (i) items such as share-based compensation, asset impairments, gains or losses on foreign currency transactions and interest expense, and (ii) items related to acquisitions or other costs that are non-recurring, infrequent, or unusual in nature including transaction and advisory fees, merger integration costs, other employee payments, and severance. The exclusion of these charges and costs in future periods will have a significant impact on our Adjusted EBITDA. We are not able to provide a reconciliation of our non-GAAP financial guidance to the corresponding GAAP measures without unreasonable effort because of the uncertainty and variability of the nature and amount of these future charges and costs.

2 Paying subscribers are defined as individuals who have paid a monthly fee for access to premium services, which include, among others, unlimited communication with other registered users, access to user profile pictures and




enhanced search functionality. Average paying subscribers for each month are calculated as the sum of the paying subscribers at the beginning and the end of the month, divided by two. Average paying subscribers for periods longer than one month are calculated as the sum of the average paying subscribers for each month, divided by the number of months in such period.

3 Monthly Average Revenue Per User, or Monthly ARPU, represents the total net subscriber revenue for the period divided by the number of average paying subscribers for the period, divided by the number of months in the period.


Spark Networks SE
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited)
(in thousands)
Preliminary
June 30, 2021
December 31, 2020
Assets
Cash and cash equivalents$11,054 $19,267 
Accounts receivable, net9,340 5,507 
Goodwill and Intangible Assets180,155 215,581 
Other assets24,348 50,088 
Total assets$224,897 $290,443 
Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity
Current portion of long-term debt$12,600 $19,037 
Accounts payable12,450 11,127 
Deferred revenue39,597 38,304 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities26,600 28,429 
Long-term debt, net of current portion74,600 80,109 
Other liabilities18,272 18,534 
Total liabilities184,119 195,540 
Total shareholders' equity40,778 94,903 
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity$224,897 $290,443 




Spark Networks SE
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited)
(in thousands)
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
PreliminaryPreliminary
2021202020212020
Revenue$55,253 $56,527 $111,632 $114,184 
Operating costs and expenses:
Cost of revenue, exclusive of depreciation and amortization32,881 33,223 69,799 69,764 
Other operating expenses49,224 17,984 67,665 35,788 
Total operating costs and expenses82,105 51,207 137,464 105,552 
Operating (loss) income(26,852)5,320 (25,832)8,632 
Other expense, net(3,220)(2,440)(8,404)(6,819)
(Loss) income before income taxes(30,072)2,880 (34,236)1,813 
Income tax expense(20,339)(2,046)(22,679)(3,141)
Net (loss) income$(50,411)$834 $(56,915)$(1,328)

Reconciliation of Net (loss) income to Adjusted EBITDA:
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
PreliminaryPreliminary
(in thousands)2021202020212020
Net (loss) income$(50,411)$834 $(56,915)$(1,328)
Net interest expense3,802 3,386 7,242 6,812 
(Gain) loss on foreign currency transactions(584)(746)1,144 207 
Income tax expense20,339 2,046 22,679 3,141 
Depreciation and amortization2,298 2,332 4,588 4,653 
Impairment of intangible assets and goodwill32,002 — 32,002 — 
Stock-based compensation expense580 1,434 1,616 2,344 
Acquisition related costs(1)
— 673 — 1,464 
Other costs(2)
292 149 764 277 
Adjusted EBITDA$8,318 $10,108 $13,120 $17,570 

(1) Acquisition related costs primarily consist of transaction costs, including legal, consulting, advisory fees, and severance and retention costs.
(2) Includes primarily consulting and advisory fees related to special projects, as well as post-merger integration activities and long-term debt transaction and advisory fees.








Spark Networks SE
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)
(in thousands)

Six Months Ended June 30,
Preliminary
20212020
Net loss$(56,915)$(1,328)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to cash provided by operating activities:
Non-cash items65,567 12,716 
Change in operating assets and liabilities(4,003)(4,181)
Net cash provided by operating activities4,649 7,207 
Capital expenditures(661)(1,438)
Acquisitions of businesses, net of cash acquired— (513)
Net cash used in investing activities(661)(1,951)
Net cash used in financing activities(13,610)(9,319)
Effects of exchange rate fluctuations on cash(295)(2)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash(9,917)(4,065)
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period21,117 17,457 
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period$11,200 $13,392